3True or false All sentences are the same length. Sentences can end with a question mark.Sentences always begin with a capital letter.Sentences can end with an exclamation mark.Sentences can end with a comma.FalseTruefalse
4Are these sentences? The remote control is broken. Up the wall. Too much sun.He’s stupid!On the 21st August.Running down the road.YesNo
5What does a sentence need? A subject. Every sentence must have a subject.The subject tells you who or what the sentence is about.The rest of the sentence will tell you about the subject.Subject About the subjectThe hairdresser trimmed my hair.London is a large cityWe are taking exams
6What else does a sentence need? A verb. Every sentence must have a verb. A verb is known as a ‘doing’ word or a ‘being’ word. It describes the action. The verb is part of the information about the subject.Subject Verb More about the subjectThe electrician wired the plug.Chefs work long hours in kitchens.London is a large city.ACTIVITY
7Do these sentences make sense? I is going to the cinema.No job, from tiling to decorating, are too hard for us.The shops was closed yesterday.NoWhy?Because the subject and the verb do not agree.I am going to the cinemaNo job, from tiling to decorating, is too hard for us.The shops were closed yesterday (activity)
8Make your writing look better. Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand.
9My name is Kate. I live in Manchester. I am a teacher My name is Kate. I live in Manchester. I am a teacher. I enjoy going out at weekends. I go to the pub. I go to the cinema. I go shopping with my friends.
10My name is Kate and I am a teacher and I live in Manchester and I go out at weekends and I enjoy going to the pub and the cinema and shopping with my friends.
11My name is Kate. I am a teacher and I live in Manchester My name is Kate. I am a teacher and I live in Manchester. When I go out at weekends I enjoy going to the pub, the cinema and shopping with my friends.
12What are conjunctions? Conjunctions are joining words Conjunctions join sentences together.Can you think of any examples of conjunctions
13Examples of conjunctions andbutbecauseifsoalthoughorwhenasbefore
14Using conjunctions John went to work early. He had a lot to do. Join these two sentences together with a suitable conjunction:John went to work early. He had a lot to do.John went to work early because he had a lot to do
16What are run on sentences? A run-on is a sentence in which two or more complete sentences are joined without appropriate punctuation or conjunction.Do not do this!
17Avoid Run-On Sentences I wanted to leave work early I couldn’t because my boss was hovering over me.
18To fix the run-on sentence either use a conjunction, two separate sentences or a semi-colon. I wanted to leave work early but I couldn’t because my boss was hovering over me.I wanted to leave work early. I couldn’t because my boss was hovering over me.I wanted to leave work early; I couldn’t because my boss was hovering over me.
19What is comma splicing? You must never do this! Comma splicing is the incorrect use of a comma.Comma splicing is using a comma to join together complete sentences.You must never do this!
20Comma SplicingE.g.I am studying English, it will help me to find a better job.
21To fix comma splicing either use 2 seoarate sentences, a conjunction or a semi-colon I am studying English because it will help me find a better job.I am studying English. It will help me find a better job.I am studying English; it will help me find a better job.
22Sentence vocabulary Phrase A phrase is a group of words that work togetherE.g a big dog five minutes agoA phrase doesn’t make complete sense on its own. It doesn’t have a verb so it can’t be a complete sentence.
23Clause A clause is a group of words that work together and include a verb e.g. The boy won the race. There are two kinds of clauses
24Main Clause = a clause that makes complete sense on its own. E.g. She bought a new dress.A main clause can be a sentence on its own.Suborninate clause doesn’t make complete sense on its own.E.g. when she went shopping.A subordinate clause cannot be a sentence on its own.
25Conclusion A sentence must begin with a capital letter. A sentence must end with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.A sentence must have a subject and a verb.The subject and the verb must agree with each otherUse a variety of sentences in your writing.Avoid run on sentences & comma splicing.