2Standards SS8H2 – Analyze the colonial period of Georgia’s history SS8H1 – Evaluate development of Native American cultures and impact of European exploration and settlement on Native American cultures
3James Oglethorpe England was having many problems People were leaving farming towns, cities were becoming overcrowded.Less farmers = less foodMore people meant less jobs availableAnyone who couldn’t pay their debts went to prisonPrisons were overcrowded
4James OglethorpeJames Oglethorpe was granted a charter to start Georgia for three reasons:It would give debtors a 2nd chance and help the poor. (Charitable)Create a market for English goods (Economic)Create a buffer zone from Spanish Florida, would protect South Carolina.(Defensive)Oglethorpe became the “Resident Trustee”, who lived in the colony and was in charge
6Chief TomochichiOglethorpe signed a treaty with Tomochichi to allow the colonists to settle there.Tomochichi became a mediator between Native Americans and settlers.
7Geography Influencing History Oglethorpe chose the site at Yamacraw Bluff for several reasons.The site was protected from ocean windsThe site overlooked the Savannah River.This would make it easy to ship goods using the river.River would provide food
8Savannah Settlement at Yamacraw Bluff became Savannah. Savannah was built on new European ideas such as mercantilismPort of Savannah became a vital shipping avenue because of its access to AtlanticFounded by James OglethorpeFair distribution of land, everyone was equal
10John and Mary MusgroveJohn and Mary Musgrove ran a trading post in Georgia.Mary was part Native AmericanThey helped settlers survive in the early days of the colony.They provided supplies and helped the settlers communicate with Native Americans
12Ebenezer and New Ebenezer Many people came to America for religious freedom.Salzburgers, Jews and other groups came to America to worship in their own way.Salzburgers were from Germany. They were Protestants who lived in a Catholic country.They settled Ebenezer and New Ebenezer, where they could remain Protestant
13Ebenezer and New Ebenezer All religions were welcome in Georgia except Catholics.
14Highland ScotsOglethorpe wanted to protect Savannah and Ebenezer from Spanish attacks.Oglethorpe recruited 175 Scottish Highlanders to settle an area south of Savannah.This became Darien
15Native AmericansEarly Georgia colonists worked hard to maintain good relationships with Native AmericansThe colonists felt they might need Native Americans’ help if Spain should attackNative Americans could help them survive
16Trustee Gov’t vs. Royal Colony James Oglethorpe and 20 others became trustees of GeorgiaTrustee - – man of wealth who holds property for the benefit of someone else.Trustees were the government of GeorgiaTrustees paid for settlers to come to Georgia and gave them 50 acres of land, and food and supplies for one year
17Reasons for GeorgiaThere were several reasons for establishing Georgia:To increase England’s wealth (Econimc)To give debtors a 2nd chance (Charitable)To protect the other colonies from Spain, who occupied Florida. (Defensive)
185 Rules under TrusteesTrustees could not own land in Georgia, this is different from other colonies.All colonists were given the same amount of land in GeorgiaNo rum or hard liquor was allowed in GeorgiaSlavery was banned (viewed as immoral)Only males could inherit land, women can live on the land, but not own it.
19Why would people come to Georgia People left Europe for many reasonsReligious intolerance – people didn’t have freedom of religionHigh rents on land – people couldn’t afford houses in EuropeScarcity of resources – there were not enough of the things that people need to live in EuropeGeorgia was one of America’s earliest democracies!!!!
20Colonists grow unhappy Colonists became angry at Trustee’s rules.Three things: 1)land ownership 2)slavery 3)rumLand – much of the soil was poor and flooded often. Colonists couldn’t sell or lease land.Slaves – Trustees wanted colonists to work for their land. Rice and Indigo were very hard to grow, slave labor would be nice.In South Carolina, colonists could own as much land as they wanted; and they could own slaves
21Colonists grow unhappy Rum – Colonists could trade rum to Native Americans for other supplies.South Carolina allowed rum, so Georgia should have it too.Georgia’s colonists became known as the “Malcontents” – people who are not satisfied.They wanted to sell land, have slaves and alcohol
22Religion in GeorgiaGeorgia had freedom of religion, except for Catholics.Roman Catholics were not welcome in Georgia.Spain was Catholic and Spain controlled Florida.Catholics in Georgia may ally themselves with Spanish and overthrow Georgia’s government
23SpainOglethorpe lead colonists to defeat Spain at the Battle of Bloody Marsh (St. Simon’s Island)This battle gave England claim to land over Spain.Trustees were running out of money and had to turn the colony over to the King (Royal Colony)
25Royal ColonyTrustees decided to turn over Georgia to the King of England.Under King’s control, Georgia could have slaveryGeorgia could have rumColonists could own more than 50 acres, up to 2000 now.
26John ReynoldsAfter the trustees left Georgia and turned control over to the King, John Reynolds became the 1st Royal Governor of GeorgiaOnce Georgia became a royal colony, colonists had less say in their government.
27Economy of GeorgiaUnder Royal Government more people moved to Georgia because the regulations had been lifted and the economy grewCotton, Indigo and Tobacco were crops that Georgia exported back to England