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The New Nation Faces Challenges  Since the Articles was weak, the government couldn’t keep a standing army and the  The U.S. couldn’t enforce the terms.

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Presentation on theme: "The New Nation Faces Challenges  Since the Articles was weak, the government couldn’t keep a standing army and the  The U.S. couldn’t enforce the terms."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The New Nation Faces Challenges  Since the Articles was weak, the government couldn’t keep a standing army and the  The U.S. couldn’t enforce the terms of the Treaty of Paris  Trade was a huge issue also, Britain closed many of it ports to Americans  British also forced Americans to high tariffs on their imports or exports

3 The New Nation Faces Challenges  Trade With Spain  Spain closed the lower Mississippi River to Trade with America  Congress tried to work things out but due to the weakness of the Articles, it didn’t get enough votes and the negotiations ended.  People started seeing the need for a strong central government  Impact of a closed market  Without the West Indies, and Mississippi there was a major disparity in imports vs. exports  Hurt American business and Congress couldn’t fix anything  States worked separately instead of together

4 The New Nation Faces Challenges  Economic Problems  Trade laws differed state to state  It was difficult for a business to go across state lines  War debt had mounted and no one was collecting taxes, so individual states printed their own money  The Inflow of money caused inflation  Increase in prices of goods and lowering the value of money  Weak Economy  Paper money became worth almost nothing, and people who had lent money were losing out  The loss of trade, with inflation caused a depression to hit. Period of low economic activity combined with rise in unemployment.

5 The New Nation Faces Challenges  Shay’s Rebellion  Massachusetts refused to print money and tried to pay off debt with new taxes.  Farmers hit very hard  Farmers rebel  Aug rebel and close the courts  If courts were closed no on could lose their land  Daniel Shays led one of these revolts in Sept. against a court in Springfield, he was threatened with death, but that only made him fight more  The uprisings became known as Shays’s Rebellion  He was defeated and 14 leaders were sentenced to Death

6 The New Nation Faces Challenges  Calls for Change  The Rebellions and lack of trade showed the weakness of the Articles of Confederation  Virginia called for a meeting with the other states  9 sent delegates to Annapolis, MD.  Due to the turn out another meeting was called for in Philadelphia in May of 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation  Became known as the Constitutional Convention.


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