Presentation on theme: "The Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and Shays' Rebellion"— Presentation transcript:
1The Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and Shays' Rebellion (and why money isn't worth the paper it's printed on)
2The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionThe first system of government designed by the Founding Fathers was a Confederation. Under a Confederate system, the National or Central Government is given only a few powers, while most of the power is reserved for the States.
31. Why did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government? They were afraid of giving the central government too much powerThey wanted to keep the states separate from each otherThey did not trust George Washington
4The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionThe Articles had 2 major achievements:Bringing the Revolutionary War to a successful conclusionNorth West Ordinance (plan for governing the western lands)
5The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Declare War &Establish an Army/NavyNo Power to Draft Soldiers
6Do you think that it is okay to draft soldiers to a war they don’t believe in? A. Yes B. No
7The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Make Peace & Sign TreatiesNo Power to Enforce Treaties
8The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:No Power to Collect Taxes from the StatesBorrow Money
9The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Organize aPost Office
10The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:No Chief ExecutiveNo national court systemNo Power to Regulate Interstate CommerceNo National CurrencyDifficult to Pass laws (2/3 vote)
11The Articles of Confederation America’s 1st ConstitutionStrengthsWeaknessesCongress was given the power to:Difficult to Amend(unanimous vote needed to change the articles)
12Sum it Up: The Articles of Confederation No Chief ExecutiveNo National Court SystemNo Power to Draft SoldiersNo Power to Control Interstate CommerceNo Power to Enforce TreatiesNo Power to Collect Taxes from the StatesDifficult to Pass Laws (2/3 vote)No National CurrencyDifficult to Amend(Unanimous Vote Needed to Change Articles)Congress was given the power to:Declare WarMake PeaceSign TreatiesBorrow MoneyEstablish an Army & NavyOrganize a Post Office
13They wanted to eventually become different countries Why did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government?They feared that a strong central government would create tyranny, and stamp out the peoples natural God given rights.They wanted to eventually become different countriesThey wanted to make amends with England and rebuild their Colonial systems.
14It's All About Power!Why was the central government so weak? Look at the Americans' experience with the powerful central government of Britain Do the opposite!
15But what if the government doesn't have enough power? Federal RightsStates' RightsBIG PROBLEMS!
16Congress did not have the power to collect taxes from the states. One Major Weakness:Congress did not have the power to collect taxes from the states.
25What if you don't have enough What if you don't have enough? What if someone won't give you what you want for the piece of paper that you have? Can you just print more paper?
26NO! It doesn't work that way! Remember...paper money represents real things. You haven't changed the number of real things, just the number of pieces of paper!==
27Now your paper money is worth less! ACK! INFLATION!!!Now your paper money is worth less!==Soda used to cost $1. Now it costs $2!
28PRINTING MONEY NEVER SOLVES A GOVERNMENT'S PROBLEMS! Inflation was so out of control in Germany that in 1923, it cost 4 million of their dollars to buy a loaf of bread!
29What we've learned so far... Money is only worth what people will give you for it.Printing more money doesn't solve your economic problems.
30Weak Government = Problems! Here's an explanation of how the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation led to Shays' Rebellion, which led to the creation of the Constitution.
31Daniel ShaysCaptain in the Revolutionary War Retired from the army Wanted to be a farmer in Massachusetts
32Uh oh...no money!Remember! The Congress didn't have the power to tax states...they could only ask for money! The states said no! So Congress couldn't pay its bills! So they printed more money! So they caused inflation and made money worth less!
33How can you be a farmer if you have no money? Get a loan from the bank!Plant your seeds!When your crops are grown, harvest them, sell them, and pay your loan back!
34But your crops haven't grown yet? Uh oh...problems!But your crops haven't grown yet?What if the bank wants its money back NOW?
35THE REPO MAN COMES!The bank repossesses the farms and kicks the former soldiers out of their homes!
36Why didn't they have any money? Inflation! The money they did have was worthless. Taxes! The state of Massachusetts had placed high taxes that hit the farmers very hard.
37Who cares about having a farm anyway? Without property, you can't feed your family! Without property, you can't vote! Without property, you can't make money! Without making money, you get thrown into debtor's prison!
38Give me my house!Daniel Shays and the farmers pick up their guns and go to the state courthouse to stop them from foreclosing on their homes. AND IT WORKED!!!
39So they kept doing it...And made the people in the government afraid!The government made new laws that were meant to punish Shays and his followers.
40The Congress can't helpSince the Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the power to raise a standing army, the federal government could not help stop the rebellion.
41The ClimaxThe state of Massachusetts sets up an army. Shays and his followers try to take over a federal arsenal to get more guns so that they could fight the army.
42Shays and his men lost the battle Shays and his men lost the battle. Some of them got the death penalty for having participated in the rebellion.
43To the Constitution...The failure of the federal government to solve the problem of Shays' Rebellion made people understand that the Articles of Confederation had made the government too weak. A Constitutional Convention was called to solve the problem.
44The Constitution Is Born! After 16 weeks of arguments, the new Constitution was created. And that's the government that we still have today!
45Why Did the Founding Fathers believe the Articles needed to be replaced by the US Constitution? They wanted to have a new KingWe only needed a stronger armyWe were too divided and had no common systemsThe Federal Government could not enforce its rulesC and D