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Forging a New Constitution 7-2 1786 - 1787 Pages 184-191.

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Presentation on theme: "Forging a New Constitution 7-2 1786 - 1787 Pages 184-191."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forging a New Constitution Pages

2 The Need for Change The United States went through an economic _____________ after the American Revolution.

3 The Need for Change The United States went through an economic depression after the American Revolution.

4 Shays’s Rebellion Farmer’s in Massachusetts couldn’t sell their goods, which meant they couldn’t pay their _____________. Then state officials took the farmer’s land and threw them in ______.

5 Shays’s Rebellion Farmer’s in Massachusetts couldn’t sell their goods, which meant they couldn’t pay their taxes and debts. Then state officials took the farmer’s land and threw them in jail.

6 Shays’s Rebellion Shays’s Rebellion forced courts to close so judges could not take away ____

7 Shays’s Rebellion Shays’s Rebellion forced courts to close so judges could not take away farmers’ land.

8 Shays’s Rebellion Shays’s Rebellion grew and in January 1787, Shays led _____________ to Springfield, Massachusetts to capture guns and ammunition. The state militia met the farmers to stop them and fired, _________________.

9 Shays’s Rebellion Shays’s Rebellion grew and in January 1787, Shays led 1,200 farmers to Springfield, Massachusetts to capture guns and ammunition. The state militia met the farmers to stop them and fired, killing four farmers.

10 Slavery in the New Republic The American Revolution brought into focus the contradiction between the American battle for liberty and ________________.

11 Slavery in the New Republic The American Revolution brought into focus the contradiction between the American battle for liberty and the practice of slavery.

12 Slavery in the New Republic “In 1774 __________ in Pennsylvania founded the first American _________ society.” - Discovering Our Past, p. 185

13 Slavery in the New Republic “In 1774 Quakers in Pennsylvania founded the first American antislavery society.” - Discovering Our Past, p. 185

14 Slavery in the New Republic Many white Southerners feared economic difficulties if _________ no longer existed.

15 Slavery in the New Republic Many white Southerners feared economic difficulties if slavery no longer existed.

16 Slavery in the New Republic At this time, many slave owners in Virginia began to free their slaves after a law was passed that encouraged ___________ (the freeing of individual enslaved persons).

17 Slavery in the New Republic At this time, many slave owners in Virginia began to free their slaves after a law was passed that encouraged manumission (the freeing of individual enslaved persons).

18 The Convention Begins In September 1786, ________ called for a convention to discuss trade issues and to look at what possible changes were needed to make “the Constitution of the Federal Government adequate to the exigencies [needs] of the Union.” - Discovering Our Past, p. 187

19 The Convention Begins In September 1786, Hamilton called for a convention to discuss trade issues and to look at what possible changes were needed to make “the Constitution of the Federal Government adequate to the exigencies [needs] of the Union.” - Discovering Our Past, p. 187

20 The Convention Begins After hearing about ________________, George Washington was willing to revise the Articles of Confederation.

21 The Convention Begins After hearing about George Washington was willing to revise the Articles of Confederation. After hearing about Shays’s Rebellion George Washington was willing to revise the Articles of Confederation.

22 The Convention Begins The presence of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin guaranteed public trust in the _______________________.

23 The Convention Begins The presence of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin guaranteed public trust in the The presence of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin guaranteed public trust in the Constitutional Convention.

24 The Convention Organizes The meetings were held behind closed doors to allow the delegates to talk freely. George Washington was chosen to lead the meetings.

25 The Convention Organizes The meetings were held behind ______________ to allow the delegates to talk freely. ________________ was chosen to lead the meetings.

26 The Virginia Plan The ___________, based on the work of James Madison, called for a two house legislature with ______________ _____________, an executive branch, and a legislative branch. judicial judicial

27 The Virginia Plan The Virginia Plan, based on the work of James Madison, called for a two house legislature with proportional representation, an executive branch, and a legislative branch. judicial judicial

28 The New Jersey Plan The __________ plan called for a single house legislature with ________ _____________ from each state, an executive branch made up of _______ _________________, and a judicial branch.

29 The New Jersey Plan The New Jersey plan called for a single house legislature with equal representation from each state, an executive branch made up of more than one person, and a judicial branch.

30 Compromises Constitutional Convention delegates voted to work toward a new national government based on the ____________.

31 Compromises Constitutional Convention delegates voted to work toward a new national government based on the Virginia Plan.

32 Compromises Convention delegates broke the deadlock between large and small states when they approved _____________________.

33 Compromises Convention delegates broke the deadlock between large and small states when they approved the Great Compromise.

34 Compromises Under the Great Compromise, in the ______________________ each state has proportional representation based on changing _________. However, in the _________, each state gets _______________.

35 Compromises Under the Great Compromise, in the House of Representatives each state has proportional representation based on changing population. However, in the Senate, each state gets two senators.

36 Compromises Another compromise was reached on how to count enslaved people (slaves) for representation in Congress and taxes based on population. The _________________ was reached counting every five slaves as three in the state’s population.

37 Compromises Another compromise was reached on how to count enslaved people (slaves) for representation in Congress and taxes based on population. The Three Fifths Compromise was reached counting every five slaves as three in the state’s population.

38 Compromises In order to keep the Southern states part of the nation, Northern states agreed to prevent Congress from interfering with the slave trade until ______.

39 Compromises In order to keep the Southern states part of the nation, Northern states agreed to prevent Congress from interfering with the slave trade until 1808.

40 Approving the Constitution Convention delegates agreed that the Constitution must be approved by __________ states.

41 Approving the Constitution Convention delegates agreed that the Constitution must be approved by 9 of the 13 states.


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