Presentation on theme: "What Teachers Need to Know About Language"— Presentation transcript:
1What Teachers Need to Know About Language Fillmore & Snow (2000) ERIC ED308705
2Agent of Socialization Teacher as …CommunicatorEducatorEvaluatorEducated Human BeingAgent of Socialization
3Oral Language 1. What are the basic units of language? 2. What is regular and what isn’t?3. How is the lexicon acquired and structured?4. Are vernacular dialects different from “bad English” and if so, how?5. What is academic English?6. Why has the acquisition of English by non-English-speaking children not been more universally successful?
4Written Language 7. Why is English spelling so complicated? 8. Why do students have trouble with structuring narrative and expository writing?9. How should one judge the quality and correctness of a piece of writing?10. What makes a sentence or a text easy or difficult to understand?
137. Why is English spelling so complicated? Variation – “blood is good food”No “Language Academy” prescriptiveDeep orthography – complex spellings, irregular wordsEtymologicalPh = /f/Y = /ai/
148. Why do students have trouble with structuring narrative and expository writing? NARRATIVE: Mimic, learned, discourse strategy (sequence)Latino – emphasizes personal relationship more than plotJapanese – terse, not recounting all eventsAAVE – end of the story is often the beginningExpository: forming, arguing, precise, present facts
159. How should one judge the quality and correctness of a piece of writing? We as educators lack grounding in grammarTeach students to polishUnderstand structureDiscuss structureExplicitly teach how to write effectively
1610. What makes a sentence or a text easy or difficult to understand? Simple text – bulletsMore coherent texts flowRelevantCoherenceNaturalnessGraceInformativeness
17What Teachers Need to Know About Language Fillmore & Snow (2000) ERIC ED308705