Presentation on theme: "Benchmarking Industry – Science Relationships Based on the OECD report, March 2002 Presented by: Inês Costa Vanessa Figueiredo."— Presentation transcript:
Benchmarking Industry – Science Relationships Based on the OECD report, March 2002 Presented by: Inês Costa Vanessa Figueiredo
Introduction This report is a two year OECD project carried out under the guidance of the OECD’s Committee for Scientific and Technology Policy and Working Party on Technology and Innovation Policy; Report Goals Analyses the changing role of industry-science relationships (ISR) in national innovation systems. Proposes a conceptual framework for assessment of ISR. Presents indicators on international differences in ISR configuration and intensity. Identifies good practices for ISR improvement. Case studies
Industry – Science Relationships The changing role Source: OECD
Benchmarking ISRs – Why? How? Increasing Importance of “Knowledge” in Innovation and Competition; Perceived Gap between Scientific Excellence and Industrial Competitiveness in Europe; Lack in Commercializing in Knowledge Potential at Science; Attempts to achieve greater degree of co-ordination and cohesion between national research and innovation policies; Comparing the relative efficiency of ISR in meeting the various stakeholders needs and to relate differences in performance to observable characteristics of IS links (policy focused) Nature and relative importance of channels interactions; Incentive structures; Institutional arrangements Dimensions of IS links characterization /evaluation
Availability of Benchmarking Indicators Source: OECD Benchmarking requires indicators, but the availability is still quite poor. Statistics must be used with care, because similar concepts may mean different things in different institutional scenarios.
Indicators of ISRs in selected countries Source: OECD
Case studies: France and U.K. Benchmarking ProcessComparative ISR indicators Source: OECD European Commission
Case studies: France and U.K. Policy Objectives and Instruments Source: OECD Developing a Benchmarking culture Comparison between ISRs in France and the United Kingdom showed that different combinations of actions can be used to build integrated policy instruments. So, it is important to promote a benchmarking culture among all stakeholders. Developing Benchmarking indicators Existing indicators: non suited for in dept international comparisons and not sufficient to inform a policy- oriented discussion. CIS contribution
Policy Conclusions Giving greater priority to basic and long term mission oriented research in government S&T programmers; Ensuring appropriate frameworks for intellectual property rights; Matching supply and demand for scientific knowledge; Improving the governance of universities and public laboratories; Safeguarding public knowledge; Promoting the participation of smaller firms; Attracting, retaining and mobilizing human resources; Improving the evaluation of research; Responding to Globalization; Building on existing innovative networks and clusters;
Questions for the masses… Isn’t there a need for a framework assessment of indicators on the subject, concerning all EU countries (with input)? Isn’t it a risky move to apply benchmarked indicators regardless of country perspective/framework? The previous question can not be applied also for the derivative policy conclusions of the report? Isn’t there a need for a in dept study of Portugal’s case?
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