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Personality Psychology “Systems Net Theory” Josep M. Lluís-Font Recent publications: Lluís-Font, J.M. (2002), Personalidad: Esbozo de una teoría integradora.

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Presentation on theme: "Personality Psychology “Systems Net Theory” Josep M. Lluís-Font Recent publications: Lluís-Font, J.M. (2002), Personalidad: Esbozo de una teoría integradora."— Presentation transcript:

1 Personality Psychology “Systems Net Theory” Josep M. Lluís-Font Recent publications: Lluís-Font, J.M. (2002), Personalidad: Esbozo de una teoría integradora. Psicothema, 4 (14), págs Lluís-Font, J.M. (2003), Teoría de la Red de Sistemas. Barcelona, Actas del II Congreso Nacional de la SEIDI Lluís-Font, J.M. (2004), Mente y Personalidad: Un nuevo modelo integrador. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva Lluís-Font, J.M. (2005), Personality: Systems Net Theory. Individual Differences Research, 3,(4), Lluís-Font, J.M. (2006), Mind and Personality: Systems Net Theory (submitting )

2 Systems Net Theory (SNT) Teoría de la Personalidad y de las Inteligencias Múltiples Teoría biológica Teoría evolucionista Teoría integradora de teorías y paradigmas Teoría formulada en 25 enunciados. Theory of Personality and Multiple Intelligences. Biological theory. Evolutionary theory. Integrative theory. Theory formulated in 25 statements (Lluís-Font, 2004)

3 EXTRAVERSION Sociability High self- esteem SurgencyActivity Reward sensitivity Positive emotions Hierarchic trait structure in classical models Psychological nomenclature

4 Hierarchic trait structure in classical models Psychological and biological nomenclature EXTRAVERSION (Approach system) Sociability (Social system) High self- esteem (Self-concept system) Surgency (Behavioral system) Activity (Energetic system) Reward sensitivity (Instinctive system) Positive emotions (Emotional system)

5 Non-hierarchic trait structure in Systems Net Theory Types of traits: General dimensions, specific dimensions and primary traits x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) 1234 Emotional system Emotionality Inhibition system A Anxiety Nature Rapid action system H Hostility Approach system E Extraversion Function Positive emotions E6 (primary trait) Self-regulation system C Self-control Cognitive integration I system Intellect

6 Personality structure in Systems Net Theory: Organizing axes x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Pycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percep tive 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cogniti ve 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A A1A2A3A4A5A6A7A8A9A10A11A12A13 Rapid action system Hostility H H1H2H3H4H5H6H7H8H9H10H11H12H13 Approach system Extraversion E E1E2E3E4E5E6E7E8E9E10E11E12E13 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C C1C2C3C4C5C6C7C8C9C10C11C12C13 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9I10I11I12I13

7 Structural matrix of systems and traits in Systems Net Theory x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Pycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percep tive 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cogniti ve 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A Amygdala Cortisol A1 Ecto morphy A2 Rapid metabo lism A3 Psycho motor inhibi tion A4 Avoidan ce Fligth A5 Negati ve emo tions A6 Shy ness A7 Abulia A8 Over- control led BIS A9 Super ego Obsessi ve A10 Low self- esteem A11 Analyti cal style A12 Fluid intelli gence Gf A13 Rapid action system Hostility H Amygdala Testostero ne MAO (-) H1 Meso morphy H2 Frigth H3 Hyper kinesis H4 Aggressi veness H5 Emotio nal though ness H6 Autho ritaria nism H7 Hiper activity H8 Impulsi veness H9 Ego Anti- social H10 Narci sism H11 Intuition H12 Spatial intelli gence Gv H13 Approach system Extraversion E Amygdala Dopamine E1 Endo morphy E2 Slow metabo lism E3 Expan- sive mobility E4 Nutrition Sex E5 Positive emo tions E6 Sociabili ty E7 Activity E8 Surgen cy E9 Id Bohe mian E10 High self- esteem E11 Holistic style E12 Crystal- lized intel. Gc E13 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C Neurophy siological control C1 Morphol ogical control C2 Physiol ogical control C3 Psycho- motor control C4 Control of impulses C5 Emotio nal control C6 Social control C7 Volitive control Locus... C8 Beha vioral control C9 Moral control C10 Control of self- image C11 Cognitive strate gies control C12 Cognitive control C13 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I Neurophy siological intelligence I1 Perceptive corporal intelli gence I2 Functional corporal intelli gence I3 Kines thetic intelli gence I4 Instincti ve intelli gence I5 Emotio nal intelli gence I6 Social intelli gence I7 Executi ve intellige nce I8 Adaptive intelli gence I9 Moral intelli gence I10 Self- perceptive intelli gence I11 Strategic intelli gence I12 General intelli gence “g” I13

8 Personality components in Systems Net Theory Cinco sistemas generales, funcionales, horizontales Cinco dimensiones generales originadas por la reactividad de esos sistemas Trece sistemas específicos, estructurales, pentafactoriales Trece dimensiones específicas originadas por la reactividad de esos sistemas Sesenta y cinco rasgos primarios originados por la activación simultánea de un sistema general y otro específico. Five general, functional, horizontal systems. Five general dimensions originated by the reactivity of these systems. Thirteen specific, structural, pentafactorial systems. Thirteen specific dimensions originated by the reactivity of these systems. Sixty five primary traits originated by the interaction of a general system and an specific one

9 Illustration of an horizontal and a vertical system x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Pycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percep tive 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cogniti ve 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A Negati ve emo tions A6 Rapid action system Hostility H Amygdala Testostero ne MAO (-) H1 Meso morphy H2 Frigth H3 Hyper kinesis H4 Aggressi veness H5 Emotio nal though ness H6 Autho ritaria nism H7 Hiper activity H8 Impulsi veness H9 Ego Anti- social H10 Narci sism H11 Intuition H12 Spatial intelli gence Gv H13 Approach system Extraversion E Positive emo tions E6 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C Emotio nal control C6 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I Emotio nal intelli gence I6

10 Components of an horizontal system (Authors) Inhibition system Anxiety Neurophysiological components Somatic complonents Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Amygdala (?) Serotonin (?) Cortisol (?) Ectomorphy Asthenic Rapid metabolism Psychomotor inhibition Flight Negative emotions Shyness Abulia Over- controlled Guilt Low self-esteem Selective attention Analytical style Fluid intelligence (Gf) AuthorsGray, Cloninger Damasio, Dabbs Knutson Zuckerman Sigaud Kretschmer Sheldon Mira López Eysenck Cattell Costa, McCrae Norman Caspi & Silva Robins York & John Van Lieshout Lluís-Font, Kemler Nelson & Smith, Cattell, Mira, Gustafsson

11 Multiple intelligences in Systems Net Theory x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Pycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percep tive 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cogniti ve 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A Fluid intelli gence Gf A13 Rapid action system Hostility H Spatial intellige nce Gv H13 Approach system Extraversion E Crystalli zed intellig. Gc E13 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C Cognitive control C13 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I Neurophy siological intelligence I1 Perceptive corporal intelli gence I2 Functional corporal intelli gence I3 Kines thetic intelli gence I4 Instincti ve intelli gence I5 Emotio nal intelli gence I6 Social intelli gence I7 Executi ve intellige nce I8 Adaptive intelli gence I9 Moral intelli gence I10 Self- perceptive intelli gence I11 Strategic intelli gence I12 General intelli gence “g” I13

12 Multiple intelligences and cognitive styles in Systems Net Theory x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Pycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percep tive 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cogniti ve 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A Analyti cal style A12 Fluid intelli gence Gf A13 Rapid action system Hostility H Intuition Non- strategic H12 Spatial intelli gence Gv H13 Approach system Extraversion E Holistic style E12 Crystal- lized intellig. Gc E13 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C Cognitive strate gies control C12 Cognitive control C13 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I Neurophy siological intelligence I1 Perceptive corporal intelli gence I2 Functional corporal intelli gence I3 Kines thetic intelli gence I4 Instincti ve intelli gence I5 Emotio nal intelli gence I6 Social intelli gence I7 Executi ve intellige nce I8 Adaptive intelli gence I9 Moral intelli gence I10 Self- perceptive intelli gence I11 Strategic intelli gence I12 General intelli gence “g” I13

13 The components of the three temperamental systems in different authors Neurofisiológicos: Los tres principales neurotransmisores (Cloninger, 1993) Somáticos: Los tres tipos constitucionales (Kretschmer, 1922, Sheldon, 1942) Afectivos : Las tres dimensiones PEN (Eysenck, 1985) -Neurophysiological: The three principal neurotransmitters (Cloninger, 1986) -Somatic: The three constitutional types (Kretschmer, 1921; Sheldon, 1942) -Affective: The three temperamental dimensions (Eysenck, 1985; Chamove et al. 1972) -Conative: The three behavioral types (Block, 1971; York & John,1992; Van Lieshout & Haselager, 1994; Caspi & Silva, 1995; Robins et al., 1996) -Cognitive styles: The three cognitive styles (Kemler Nelson & Smith, 1989) -Cognitive intelligences: The three specialized intelligences (Mira, 1947; Cattell, 1971; Gustafsson, 1988)

14 Systems Net Theory: basic ideas Distinction between two types of biological systems –General, functional, horizontal –Specific, structural, pentafactorial, vertical Distinction between two types of general systems –Three temperamental systems, oriented to survival (in humans and animals) –Two self-regulation and integration systems (exclusive to homo sapiens) Distinction between the nature and the function of traits Justification of general and specific systems from the evolutionary theory Identification of traits from theoretical prediction Conceptualizing dimensions as a result of the reactivity of biological systems Conceptualizing primary traits as a result of the interaction of a general system and an specific one: The specific system determines the nature of the trait, while the general system shapes its function Systems Net Theory: basic ideas

15 Typology of the big-five general and functional systems (3+2) Three temperamental systems, oriented to survival, in humans and animals (S-O-R systems):. Inhibition or self-preservation system (ANXIETY). Rapid action system (HOSTILITY). Approach system (EXTRAVERSION) Two human, self-regulatory and adaptive systems:. Self-regulation and execution system (SELF-CONTROL). Cognitive integration system (INTELLECT)

16 Order of the Big-Five, according to different authors x y Factors Authors IIIIIIIVV Norman (1963) E Surgency A Agreeableness C Conscientious- ness N Emotional stability I Intellect Costa & McCrae (1992) N Neuroticism E Extraversion O Openness A Agreeableness C Responsibility John (1990) (Acronym) O Openness C Conscientious- ness E Extraversion A Agreeableness N Neuroticism Lluís-Font (2002, 2004) (3+2) A (N) Anxiety H (A) Hostility E Extraversion C Self-control I Intellect

17 Structure and dynamics of the three archaic (independent) temperamental systems in animals Inhibition system Anxiety Rapid action system Hostility Approach system Extraversion S R S R S R Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components

18 Neurological connection of the three archaic temperamental systems in homo sapiens (Transition towards the five general systems) Inhibition system Anxiety Rapid action system Hostility Approach system Extraversion S Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components

19 Origin of the specific or vertical systems in SNT Inhibition system Anxiety Rapid action system Hostility Approach system Extraversion Self-regulation system Self-control Cognitive integration system Intellect Neurophysiological Somatic Affective Conative Specific cognitive system systems systems systems systems Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components S Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components R O Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Neurophysiological components Somatic components Affective components Conative components Cognitive components Temperamental systems Regulating systems

20 Structure and dynamics of a general, functional and horizontal system x y Specific systems General system O S R Neuro- physiological SomaticAffectiveConative Specific cognitive Inhibition System ANXIETY Anatomical (Amygdala) Morpho- logical (Asthenic) Instinctive (Flight) Volitive (Abulia) Self- concept (Low self- esteem) Biochemical (Cortisol) Physiological (Rapid metabolism) Emotional (Negative emotions) Behavioral (Over- controlled, BIS) Strategic (Selective attention, analytical style) Electrical (...) Psychomotor (Psychomotor inhibition) Social (Shyness) Ethical (Guilt) Aptitudinal (Fluid intelligence)

21 Structure and dynamics of emotional system x Specific y systems General systems 1234 Emotional system Emotionality S R O Inhibition system A Anxiety Negative emotions A6 Rapid action system H Hostility Emotional toughness H6 Approach system E Extraversion Positive emotions E6 Self-regulation system C Self-control Emotional control C6 Cognitive integration I system Intellect Emotional intelligence I6

22 Structure and dynamics of psychomotor system x Specific y systems General systems Psychomotor system Psychomotor reactivity 4 S R O Inhibition system A Anxiety Psychomotor inhibition A4 Rapid action system H Hostility Hyperkinesis H4 Approach system E Extraversion Expansive mobility E4 Sel-regulation system C Self-control Psychomotor control C4 Cognitive integration I system Intellect Kinesthetic intelligence I4

23 Structure and dynamics of specialized cognitive system x Specific y systems General systems Specialized cognitive system Cognitive reactivity 13 S R O Inhibition system A Anxiety Fluid intelligence Gf A13 Rapid action system H Hostility Spatial intelligence Gv H13 Approach system E Extraversion Crystallized intelligence Gc E13 Self-regulation system C Self-control Cognitive control C13 Cognitive integration I system Intellect General intelligence “g” I13

24 Structure and dynamics of personality in Systems Net Theory x Specific systems y and dimensions (vertical) General and functional systems and dimensions (horizontal ) Neurophy siological system Somatic systemsAffective systemsConative systemsSpecific cognitive systems Neurophy siological 1 Morpho logical 2 Physio logical 3 Psycho motor 4 Instinc tive 5 Emotio nal 6 Social 7 Volitive 8 Beha vioral 9 Ethical 10 Self- percpti ve 11 Strate gic 12 Specia lized cognive 13 TEMPERAMENT Inhibition system Anxiety A A1A2A3A4A5A6A7A8A9A10A11A12A13 Rapid action system Hostility H H1H2H3H4H5H6H7H8H9H10H11H12H13 Approach system Extraversion E E1E2E3E4E5E6E7E8E9E10E11E12E13 CHARACTER Self-regulation and execution system Self-control C C1C2C3C4C5C6C7C8C9C10C11C12C13 INTELLECT Cognitive integration system Intellect I I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9I10I11I12I13 Symbolic Figurative S Semantic R O


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