Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Dementia New Hire Orientation Maria Freidlund, Administrator.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Dementia New Hire Orientation Maria Freidlund, Administrator."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dementia New Hire Orientation Maria Freidlund, Administrator

2 Dementia  What it is; What it isn’t  The brain  Strategies for employees  Practice

3 WHAT IT IS; WHAT IT ISN’T Dementia

4 Dementia Umbrella term  describes multiple conditions  characterized by the gradual loss of intellectual functioning

5 Dementia Umbrella term covers:  Alzheimer's  Vascular  Lewy bodies  Frontal Temporal  Parkinson’s  Huntington’s

6 Dementia Different from “Age Associate Memory Impairment”  Starts in late 20’s  Increases as you age  Around age 40 you fall off a cliff! Age Associate Memory Impairment happens to everyone.

7 Dementia Text Book Definition: 1. Memory impairment, AND 2. One or more of the following cognitive difficulties: Language difficulties (aphasia) Language difficulties (aphasia) Impaired ability to conduct motor activities Impaired ability to conduct motor activities Failure to recognize or identify objects Failure to recognize or identify objects Disturbances in intellectual functioning Disturbances in intellectual functioning

8 Dementia  Dementia in itself is NOT a disease DISEASE

9 Dementia  Dementia is a term for a cluster of symptoms

10 THE BRAIN Dementia

11 The Brain: Parts of the Brain Judgment & Behavior Behavior Memory Language Understanding Language Understanding (how to understand spoken language AND how to speak)

12 The Brain: Healthy vs Dementia

13 The Brain: the Hippocampus “Memory Glue Guy”

14 The Brain: the Hippocampus  “Memory Glue Guy”  Filters through information  Determines what to keep that is important  Determines what is temporary (not so important)

15 The Brain: What Remains?  Procedural memories  Deeply stored long- term memory  Automatic responses  Social rituals >

16 STRATEGIES FOR EMPLOYEES Dementia

17 Strategies for Employees  Every impression is a first impression  Carefully monitor yourself exaggerate facial expressions (big smile) exaggerate facial expressions (big smile) body language (warmth) body language (warmth) make eye contact make eye contact tone of voice (calm) tone of voice (calm)  Remain below eye level

18 Strategies for Employees  Approach gently from the front let them see you approach let them see you approach never “sneak up” or startle never “sneak up” or startle  Offer physical contact a handshake a handshake hand over hand hand over hand a hug or kiss a hug or kiss

19 Communication Strategies  Use good vocal quality – Low and slow, loud and clear Low pitch Low pitch Slow speech Slow speech Slightly louder Slightly louder Very clear enunciation Very clear enunciation

20 Communication Strategies  Simple words  Use the 7&7 rule Speak 7 words or less Speak 7 words or less Allow 7 seconds for them to respond Allow 7 seconds for them to respond  Concrete language - no jargon, no baby talk (“It’s time for bed”, not “Let’s go beddy-bye”)  Use words the person has used in their lifetime

21 Communication Strategies  Fill in the gaps If struggling for a word, suggest one If struggling for a word, suggest one Prevent embarrassment when language or memory fails (they try to cover it up!) Prevent embarrassment when language or memory fails (they try to cover it up!)  Use positive wording - not negative Not: Don’t grab someone else’s wheelchair Not: Don’t grab someone else’s wheelchair Instead: Let’s go further ahead so you can grab the railing. Instead: Let’s go further ahead so you can grab the railing.

22 Strategies for Employees Resident Choice and Dementia  Use statements instead of questions  Re-approach, don’t force  Example: It’s dinner time so you tell Joe Dementia, “It’s dinner time. (pause) Let’s go to the dining room.” If Joe refuses, walk away, re-approach.

23 Strategies for Employees DON’Ts  Ban this Phrase: “DON’T YOU REMEMBER?” Don’t you remember me? Don’t you remember me? Don’t you remember, it’s time to eat? Don’t you remember, it’s time to eat?  Quizzing residents about recent events Don’t you remember your family was just here? Don’t you remember your family was just here?

24 Practice  Pair up with another person  Tell them your plans for the evening Non-verbal skills for cueing - Pointing, Placing, Hand-over Hand Non-verbal skills for cueing - Pointing, Placing, Hand-over Hand Low and slow, loud and clear Low and slow, loud and clear 7 simple words, wait 7 seconds 7 simple words, wait 7 seconds Can ask a question (“Do you like…” not “Do you remember…”) Can ask a question (“Do you like…” not “Do you remember…”)

25 REVIEW Dementia

26 Dementia Review  What is Dementia? An umbrella term An umbrella term A cluster of symptoms A cluster of symptoms Not a disease in itself Not a disease in itself  What Happens in the Brain Gradual erosion Gradual erosion Hippocampus - “Memory Glue Guy” starts to let memories go Hippocampus - “Memory Glue Guy” starts to let memories go

27 Dementia Review  Communication Strategies Positive non-verbal cues Positive non-verbal cues Choose simple words Choose simple words Speak 7 words; wait 7 seconds Speak 7 words; wait 7 seconds Low and slow, loud and clear Low and slow, loud and clear Remember Remember


Download ppt "Dementia New Hire Orientation Maria Freidlund, Administrator."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google