Presentation on theme: "Pronouns Pronouns refer to nouns or noun phrases. We use them to avoid repetition. The machine is broken. It isn’t working properly. Jane is a clever."— Presentation transcript:
1 PronounsPronouns refer to nouns or noun phrases. We use them to avoid repetition.The machine is broken. It isn’t working properly.Jane is a clever student. She is a hard-working person.PersonSingularPluralFirstIWeSecondYouThirdHe, She, ItThey
2 Types of PronounsBasically, pronouns can classified based on their types and grammatical functions.A-Types:1- Personal pronouns: I, we, you, he, she, it2-Demonstrative pronouns These, those, this, that3-Interrogative pronouns who, which, whose4- Indefinite pronouns none, several, every, nobody5-possessive pronouns his, her, its, my, your6-Reciprocal pronouns each other, one another7-Relative pronouns which, where, when
3 Types of Pronouns 8- Reflexive pronouns: itself, himself, herself 9-Intensive pronouns: itself, himselfCf. I told myself not to rush on the roads.I myself did all the work.
4 Subject pronounsWhen pronouns have the role of a subject, they function as subject pronouns.I woke up at about 6 am.We lived in the room above the shop.You may use a paper dictionary in the class.He/ she is a member of the team.They offered her a job.
5 Object pronouns There are two types of objects: A- Direct objects B- Indirect objectsDirect object: The direct object of a sentence is the person or thing that the action of a verb is done to. It often comes directly after the verb.e.g.I heard you. -I called him/her.We bought it. -They saw us.Let’s ask them He told me.
6 -They threw it a biscuit. Indirect objectThe indirect object is an object that if you remove it from the sentence, it still makes sense. The function of an indirect object is for more clarification.e.g.-Bring me a towel. -I gave you the book.-He bought her a car. -She bought him a watch.-Give them a chance. -They sang us a song.-They threw it a biscuit.
7 Practice Make sentences using pronouns: × √ -He isn’t a doctor. -He is a good cook. -He’s not a good singer.-She is a doctor. -She is not a good cook. -she is a good singer.-You are not a doctor. -You aren’t a good cook. -You’re not a good singer.A doctora good cooka good singerAdam×√AnnMe (the teacher)
8 Practice Make sentences using pronouns: √ × He is cooking a meal for them. -He isn’t writing an for them.She isn’t cooking for them. -She writing to them.You aren’t cooking for them. -You aren’t writing to them.Cooking a meal for Ann’s parentsWriting an to Ann’s grandfatherAdam√×AnnMe (the teacher)