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© Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová The United States of America.

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Presentation on theme: "© Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová The United States of America."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová The United States of America

2 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Introduction  the official name is the United States of America (the USA)  it's a federal constitutional republic consisting of 50 states  it's situated mostly in central North America  it lies between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, bordered by Canada in the north and Mexico in the south  it's the third largest country both by land area and population  the official language is English and the currency is called the American dollar

3 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Geography  the Appalachian Mountains divide the eastern seaboard from the Great Lakes and the grasslands of the Midwest  the Rocky Mountains, at the western edge of the Great Plains, extend north to south across the country  the Mississippi–Missouri River is the world's fourth longest river system  the Great Plains is a flat, fertile prairie used for agriculture  Mount McKinley is the highest peak in the country and in North America

4 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová

5 Missouri the longest river Mississippi the 2nd longest river

6 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Other important rivers  the Columbia river, Washington  the Sacramento river, California

7 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová  the Colorado river, Utah-Nevada-California-Arizona

8 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová  the Rio Grande, New Mexico

9 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová the Rockies in the west of the USA

10 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová the Appalachian mountains in the east of the USA

11 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Mount McKinley the highest peak 6 194m, Alaska

12 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Five great lakes in the north-east of the USA  lake Superior  lake Michigan  lake Huron  lake Erie  lake Ontario

13 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Great Salt Lake, Utah

14 The Death Valley, California the lowest place in the USA - 86m below the sea level

15 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová the Grand Canyon, Arizona

16 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Climate  as the USA is a huge country, you can find all climatic zones there  Alaska – arctic zone – snow, frost, glaciers  the north of the USA – continental climate, yet freezing winters, often problems with snowstorms and very low temperatures  in the south-west – semi-deserts and deserts can be found, problems with fire (California)  in the south-east – subtropical climate, rainforests, problems with hurricanes and floods in the summer  spring and autumn – mild, warm and sunny  tornadoes – from April to June in the Midwest

17 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová

18 History  first people migrated from Asia 40,000 years ago  in 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America and started European settlement  England, Holland, France and Spain established colonies  1773 Boston Tea Party – a boycott of English cargo which started the fight for independence of the colonies  War of Independence – war between England and the American colonies to free the colonies  July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence, the 13 colonies proclaimed independence on its colonizator England and became the United States of America  July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence, the 13 colonies proclaimed independence on its colonizator England and became the United States of America, one of the writers of the document was Thomas Jefferson The Mayflower transported Pilgrims to the New World in 1620 from Plymouth Harbor

19 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová  six years later the first American president was elected – George Washington  tensions between free-minded industrial (north) states and slave agricultural (south) states resulted into Civil War 1861–1865, in the end slavery was abolished in the whole USA, the president was Abraham Lincoln  October 24, 1929 stock market crashed at Wall Street, New York, throwing the USA and world economy into crisis (huge unemployment)  in 1941 the USA joined the WW II after a Japanese attact on Pearl Harbor  in 1945 the USA threw atom bombs on Japanese towns Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order to stop the war  since then the USA have joined many war conflicts (Vietnam, Afghanistan, Iraq etc.)  September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on WTC, NY

20 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Population  the population is over 330 million inhabitants  the original people are called the Native Americans  "white" Americans are of European origin  a large number of the population is made up by the descendants of Afro-Americans who were brought to the country as slaves  there live many immigrants from countries of the whole world as the USA was seen as the promised land how to become rich  the fastest growing immigrant groups are Spanish speaking incomers from Latin America

21 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Political system  it's a federal constitutional republic (a union of 50 states)  the official Head of State is the President  the capital city is Washington D.C.  the federal government is composed of 3 branches:  Legislative: the Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives  Executive: the President is the commander-in-chief of the military  Judicial: the Supreme Court and lower federal courts Court and lower federal courts United States Capitol, home of the US Congress The White House, home and workplace of the US president

22 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Economy  the United States is the largest importer of goods and third largest exporter  it's rich in natural resources such as natural gas and oil, sulphur, phosphates, salt  it produces oil, electrical and nuclear energy  as for agriculture it's the world's top producer of corn (maize) and soya beans, plus beef cattle is raised in large numbers  Coca-Cola and McDonalds are the two most recognized brands in the world  computers - Microsoft, Apple Inc.  airplane industry – Boeing  car industry – Ford, Cadillac, Chevrolet The New York Stock Exchange, on Wall Street

23 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Transportation  personal transportation is dominated by cars, 40% of personal vehicles are vans or light trucks cars, 40% of personal vehicles are vans or light trucks  an average American adult spends 55 minutes driving every day, travelling 47 km  the four largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are American; Southwest Airlines is number one  the busiest airport in the world is Atlanta International Airport  transport of goods by rail is extensive but relatively few people use rail to travel, within or between cities The Interstate Highway System, which extends 75,440 km

24 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová National Holidays  Thanksgiving  The Independence Day  Martin Luther King's Day  Columbus Day  Presidents Day  Veterans Day

25 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová US States

26 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová

27 The Statue of Liberty

28 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová The Twin Towers

29 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Disneyland

30 The City of New York

31 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Los Angeles Los Angeles

32 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová San Francisco

33 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová

34 The Niagara Falls

35 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová Mount Rushmor

36 © Markéta Čeřovská, Lenka Lexová The White House


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