Presentation on theme: "John McMasters A Legacy of Sustaining Innovations in Biomimetic Aircraft Design and Engineering Education Alice Agogino, Mera Horne University of California."— Presentation transcript:
1 John McMastersA Legacy of Sustaining Innovations in Biomimetic Aircraft Design and Engineering EducationAlice Agogino, Mera HorneUniversity of California at BerkeleyMudd Design Workshop VIIMay 29, 2009
2 Acknowledgements Paul W. Dees “The Technical Legacy of Dr. John McMasters”47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including The New Horizons Forum and Aerospace ExpositionAIAA
7 Professor McMasters illustrates his famous brain-stapling technique in a seminar for compulsive thinkers“It’s all about thinking, dummy” -- A. Einstein“Thinking is the one skill that never becomes obsolete.” -- Paul B. MacCready“He had only one vanity, he thought he could glve advice better than any other person.” -- Mark Twain (writing about John McMasters)Thanks toGary LarsonThe Far Side
10 A Cosmic View of Aviation History Neilgoes tothe MoonMass extinctionfrom spaceFuture ofThe WorldEconomy ?XInsectsDinosaurs BirdsLifeEvolvesOn EarthBoeing??Man Wright Bros.SolarSystemFormedGlobal climate changeBigBangFuture ofEarth ?~ 300 million yearsof flight
11 The Wonders of Bird Flight Thanks to Sharon Finn
12 Dragonfly Flight Testing and Flow Visualization
13 Tandem Wing Fliers Microraptor gui Northern China 125 Mya Rutan “Proteus”(circa the present)77 cm (~ 30 in.)VRef. Xu, et al., Nature, Vol.421, 23 January 2003, ppA feathered analog to a flying squirrel?
14 Some scientist' once proved that bees can't fly...? In 1934 André Sainte-Laguë compared a bee to an aeroplane of similar size, and was based on the assumption that bees wings were more-or-less smooth, flat plates. The resulting calculations not surprisingly 'proved' the bee to be incapable of flight. But, of course, and crucially, bees' wings are far from flat.As McMasters said in 1989: The assumptions were almost wildly wrong, and the [scientist] himself later discovered part of his error by examining a bee's wing under a microscope — but not, alas, before the myth was born in the hands of overeager journalists.Scientific American (McMasters, J. H. 1989)
15 John the free thinker debating on how the alula of a bird works (1970s vintage)
17 An Extracurricular Frivolity Circa 1080 (and 2001-04)
18 “Please Professor McMasters, may I be excused. My brain is full.”
19 Speaking as a designer committed to building a better future through strategic technical workforce development…Homohabiliserectussapienssapiens faberboeingensisUp thevalue chain to business successExtinctionPropithecussp.With thanks to Prof. Larry Leifer, Center for Design Research, Stanford University, 2002
21 (liberal arts, humanities, etc.) The Well-Rounded Engineer Knowledge of Many Skills with Career Choices Based on Talent, Ability, Interest and AmbitionsDesignersSystem ArchitectsTechnicalSubject MatterExpertsFoundationalTechnical SkillsMathScienceAnalysisComputingEngineeringSkillsDesignSystemssynthesisNote: Many of thejobs shown here aredifficult to “outsource”or “mechanize” outof existence.System IntegratorsProcess EngineersProfessionalSkillsCommunicationsTeam WorkNetworkingInterpersonalBusinessSkills AndAcumenCost accountingSchedulingPlanningProgramManagersGeneral knowledge(liberal arts, humanities, etc.)and life experienceCustomer andService EngineersMarketing
22 Our Engineering Education System and Thus Our Technical Workforce Pipeline Under Stress There are several important disconnectsSocietal ConcernIndustry concernCompany concernK-12SystemProfessionalPractice/IndustryNeedsCollege/UniversityEngineering ProgramsTradition boundSlow rate of changeCosts rapidly escalatingHeavy dependence on fundedresearchFailure to attract/retainwomen and minoritiesInadequate sense of urgencyRapid, continuous changein practiceChanging prioritiesGlobalizationAging workforce and loseof experience baseSocietal changeDeclining standardsDecreasing interest inscience and mathOur future supply of engineering talent is threatened and we in industry must pay part of the “taxes” needed to fix the problem.
23 A Puzzle for Engineering Academe: Get research funding !Support labs and studentsPublish, publish, publishPuzzlesResearch $$ available(from where, for what?)Faculty talent andinterestsCurriculaJobs (potentially andactually available)Give me studentswho can do myworkDepartmentProgramFacultyTeach (andlook for talent)GraduatecurriculumStudentsA good alignmenttoo seldom existsand needs to beestablishedUnderGraduatecurriculumEmployersGive me gradswho can do mywork.EducationJOBS !!
24 Roadblocks to ChangeThe “faculty reward system” (more than just tenure)Driven by research and associated prestigeWhat incentives to devote effort to undergraduate teaching?The industry “reward system”Driven by near-term needs for business (and career) successWhat career incentives to devote effort to “university relations”?General lack of communication and shared common visionA lot of “runners out for a pass”, with limited vision of the futureIgnorance of industry needs from a university perspectiveLittle understanding of faculty needs and constraints in industryIndustry and university time scales for change or action are very different - causes major gaps between expectations and realization
25 Hooking Kids on Science and Engineering Physical Sciences“Technical” HooksAirplanesRocketsAstronomyCarsDinosaursBirdsBugsPlants &GardeningComputersEtc.EngineeringInformation TechnologyPhysicsChemistryAnd business, law, etc.EngineeringBiomechanics BridgeBiologyEcologyKid’s cando mathBiological Sciences &MedicineK High School – College Careers
26 Engineering Isn’t Just “Applied Science” Engineering is about applying knowledge (in a systems sense) from a broad range of disciplines (including mathematics, science, economics and information technology) to create products, services and processes that meet societal needs and enhance the quality of life.Technical ProblemsHumanities& Liberal Arts“Why”Science“What”Engineering“How”UnderstandingHuman and societal needsEthicsCompassionUnderstandingFacts and dataTools & techniquesPossibilities andopportunities“Society’s Technical Problem Solvers”[Desired image of the 21st Century Engineer]Solutions (products, services, etc.) of Value to Society
27 “I don’t know why people are so frightened by new ideas “I don’t know why people are so frightened by new ideas. It’s the old ones that frighten me.”John CageAmerican composer“O you who love clear edges more than anything……watch the edges that blur.”Adrienne RichAmerican poet
28 Reflections on a Very Long Career in Aeronautics The importance of having a vivid “vision” of the future.The value of mentors, role models and networking.Developing and holding a “systems perspective”.Design is not only the essence of engineering; it is a "life skill”.