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2 English Goals CLE 3001.8.5 Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning from various literary genres. CLE 3001.8.5 Know and use appropriate.

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Presentation on theme: "2 English Goals CLE 3001.8.5 Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning from various literary genres. CLE 3001.8.5 Know and use appropriate."— Presentation transcript:

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2 2 English Goals CLE Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning from various literary genres. CLE Know and use appropriate literary terms to derive meaning from various literary genres. SPI Differentiate among verbal, situational, and dramatic irony. SPI Differentiate among verbal, situational, and dramatic irony.

3 Definition: a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens Situational: something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen Example: a fire station burns down Dramatic: the reader knows something the characters do not Verbal – what is said is different than what is meant Home Alone: We know that Kevin has planted traps every where, but the thieves don’t! You tell someone to break a leg but you mean for them to have good luck

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5 SITUATIONAL IRONY We don’t expect a FITNESS CENTER to have an escalator because they cause you to burn LESS calories.

6 Identify the following examples of irony as situational, dramatic, or verbal… 2. George breaks a date with his girlfriend so he can go to a ball game with the guys. At the concession stand, he runs into his girlfriend with another guy.

7 A: SITUATIONAL IRONY We do not expect George to see his girlfriend with another guy. We do not expect George to see his girlfriend with another guy.

8 3. In Little Red Riding Hood, the reader knows that the wolf has eaten the grandmother and intends to fool the girl into believing that he is the grandmother.

9 Dramatic Irony Little Red Riding Hood does not know what the reader knows about the wolf and her grandmother. Little Red Riding Hood does not know what the reader knows about the wolf and her grandmother.

10 4. You are watching a horror movie. You know that the boogey man is waiting for the main character in the closet, but the character doesn’t know and unknowingly opens the closet door.

11 A: DRAMATIC IRONY You, as the audience, know something that the main character does not. You, as the audience, know something that the main character does not.

12 5. As you walk outside into the pouring rain, your friend sarcastically comments, “What lovely weather we’re having today.”

13 A: VERBAL IRONY Your friend is saying that it is lovely weather but what she means is just the opposite. It is a very dreary day. Your friend is saying that it is lovely weather but what she means is just the opposite. It is a very dreary day.

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15 A: Situational Irony You wouldn’t expect to see a Pepsi delivery man drinking a Coke! You wouldn’t expect to see a Pepsi delivery man drinking a Coke!

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17 SITUATIONAL IRONY The guy is calling the protestors stupid, but he spelled, “morons” wrong!

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19 SITUATIONAL The van drove into a “School of Safe Driving.” Hahahahahaha! We wouldn’t expect that.

20 9. A police station gets robbed. 9. A police station gets robbed.

21 A: SITUATIONAL IRONY We wouldn’t expect a POLICE STATION to get robbed. They investigate robberies! We wouldn’t expect a POLICE STATION to get robbed. They investigate robberies!

22 10. Your date for the school dance shows up in ripped jeans and a stained t-shirt. With a smirk, you say, “Oh! I see you dressed up for the occasion.”

23 A: VERBAL IRONY What you’ve said is different than what you mean. You mean that your date hasn’t bother to dress up at all, but that isn’t what you said! What you’ve said is different than what you mean. You mean that your date hasn’t bother to dress up at all, but that isn’t what you said!

24 11. When watching a talk show, the audience knows why a person has been brought on the show. However, the person in the chair does not know that they are going to be reunited with a long lost friend.

25 A: DRAMATIC IRONY The audience knows information that a character does not! (We know why the person has been brought on the show, but they don’t!) The audience knows information that a character does not! (We know why the person has been brought on the show, but they don’t!)

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27 SITUATIONALIRONY It is ironic that a McDonald’s sign is beside a sign about obesity! It is ironic that a McDonald’s sign is beside a sign about obesity!

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29 SITUATIONAL Would you expect someone that lives here to specialize in complete home repair? Would you expect someone that lives here to specialize in complete home repair?

30 14. In the beginning of a story, firefighters leave the firehouse to put out a fire at the school. After it is out, they arrive back to the firehouse and it has burned down!

31 Situational Irony You wouldn’t expect a fire station where firemen work to burn down! You wouldn’t expect a fire station where firemen work to burn down!

32 15. In real life, a helicopter is sent to rescue victims of an earthquake. Once the injured people are onboard, the helicopter crashes on the way to the hospital

33 Situational Irony You wouldn’t expect the helicopter to crash. You wouldn’t expect the helicopter to crash.

34 16. Movie goers see a man walking in the woods and a poisonous snake waiting on the path ahead. The man keeps walking toward the snake!

35 Dramatic Irony The audience sees the snake and knows there is danger. The character does not! The audience sees the snake and knows there is danger. The character does not!

36 17. In the story The Necklace, Mme. Loisel tells her friend about losing the diamond necklace and working 10 years to pay for a new one. Mme. Forestier tells her it was fake!

37 Situational Irony Mme. Loisel couldn’t afford the necklace and worked very hard to replace what she thought was a real diamond necklace! Mme. Loisel couldn’t afford the necklace and worked very hard to replace what she thought was a real diamond necklace!

38 18. In the play Romeo and Juliet, the audience knows that Juliet had taken the potion from Friar Lawrence to appear dead, but Romeo did not. When Romeo rushes in and find his Juliet "dead," he kills himself. Juliet wakes up finally, and then commits suicide as well.

39 Dramatic Irony The audience knows that Juliet is alive and Romeo does not.

40 19. Your friend makes an “F” on their midterm report. You say, “Great job.”

41 Verbal Irony Your friend didn’t really do a great job. He did the opposite!

42 20. Your parent asks you to clean up your room. You grumble and say, “I’ll be happy to.”

43 Verbal Irony You really don’t want to clean up your room! You really don’t want to clean up your room!

44 The End!

45 Group Activity In your group, think of one example of each type of irony. This maybe from a movie you have watched, a book you have read, something you have experienced in life… 1. VerbalWhen I’m sick and looking awful, my friend says, “Don’t you look great!” 2. SituationalIn college, a boy asked me out on a date for Friday night. He never called that day to tell me what time he was going to pick me up. So I went to dinner with a friend, and he was at the same restaurant! 3. DramaticIn the movie Cinderella, the audience knows the prince is downstairs with the glass slipper, but Cinderella doesn’t know


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