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CHINESE PRIMER Sentence Patterns Written by James R. Pusey and Anne Wang Pusey.

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Presentation on theme: "CHINESE PRIMER Sentence Patterns Written by James R. Pusey and Anne Wang Pusey."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHINESE PRIMER Sentence Patterns Written by James R. Pusey and Anne Wang Pusey

2 UNIT I, Lesson 1  A. Verb or verbal adjective alone (Subject and object, if there is one, understood)  1. 是不是﹖ Is it?Right? Sh.bu.sh?  一. Choice Questions  2. 要不要﹖ Do you want some (any, it, them)? Yaw.bu.yaw?

3 UNIT I, Lesson 1  B. With subject (optional) and predicate--Closed form:  1. 你是不是狗﹖ Are you a dog? Nii sh.bu.sh goou?  一. Choice Questions  2. a. 他喜不喜歡狗﹖ Does he like dogs? Ta shii.bu shii.huan goou? b. 他喜歡不喜歡你的朋友﹖ Does he like your friend? Ta shii.huan.bu shii.huan nii de perng.yeou?

4 UNIT I, Lesson 1  C. With subject (optional) and predicate--open form:  1. 你是人不是﹖ Are you a human being? Nii sh ren.bu.sh?  一. Choice Questions  2. 丁老師喜歡狗不喜歡﹖ Ding Laoshy shii.huan goou.bu shii.huan? Does Professor Ding like dogs?

5 UNIT I, Lesson 1  A. positive questions with.ma:  1. 是狗嗎﹖ Is it a dog? Sh goou.ma?  二. Statement Questions  2. 他的女朋友是美國人嗎﹖ Ta.de neuperng.yeou sh Meei.gworen.ma? Is his girl friend an American?

6 UNIT I, Lesson 1  B. negative questions with.ma:  1. 他不姓丁嗎﹖ Isn’t his (last) name Ding? Ta bu shinq Ding.ma? 二. Statement Questions  2. 不對嗎﹖ Isn’t that right? Bu duey.ma?

7 UNIT I, Lesson 1  1. 他也姓丁。 His last name is Ding too. Ta yee shinq Ding.  2. 張老師也喜歡龍。 Jang Laoshy yee shii.huan long. a) Professor Jang likes dragons too. b) Professor Jang likes dragons too.  三. Yee 也 and Yee bu 也不 : Also, too, and Also- not, or Not-either  3. 我們也不喜歡他。 Woo.men yee bu shii.huan ta. a) We don t like him either. We too dislike him. b) We don t like him either.

8 UNIT I, Lesson 1  A. Summing up subject  1. 我們都是。 We both are. We all are. Woo.men dou sh.  2. 他們都不要。 Ta.men dou buyaw. Neither of them wants any (it, him, her, them). None of them want(s) any (it, him, her, them).  四. Dou 都 : Both, All, Every; Neither, None, None of N.B. An adverb ( u niformly ”) ; cannot precede noun. Must precede verb or adjectival verb.

9 UNIT I, Lesson 1  1. 你是人還是老鼠﹖ Are you a man or a mouse? Nii sh ren hair.sh lao.shuu?  2. 你們要茶還是 咖啡﹖ Do you want tea or coffee? Nii.men yaw char hair.sh kafei?  五. Hair.sh 還是 :...or…? None, None of

10 UNIT I, Lesson 1  1. 他不喜歡馬﹐所以我不喜歡他。 Ta bu shii.huan maa, suoo.yii woo bu shii.huan ta. He doesn ’t like horses, so I don ’t like him.  2. 你是人﹐丁一也是人﹐所以你是丁一。 Nii sh ren. Ding I yee.sh ren. Suoo.yii nii sh Ding I. You are a person. Ding I is also a person. Therefore you are Ding I.  六. Suoo.yii 所以 : Therefore, So that ’s why

11 UNIT I, Lesson 1  1. 我的狗不是。 My dog is not. Woo.de goou bush.  2. 你的學生是不是中國人﹖ Is your student a Chinese? Nii.de shyue.sheng sh.bu.sh Jonggworen?  七. De 的 Particle Used to Create Possessives,  as modifiers  3. 他喜歡我的酒。 He likes my wine. Ta shii.huan woo.de jeou.

12  A. Verb or verbal adjective alone  Sh.bu.sh?  一. Choice Questions  Yaw.bu.yaw?  B. With subject (optional) and predicate--Closed form: Ta shii.bu shii.huan goou?  二. Statement Questions A. positive questions with.ma:  B. negative questions with.ma:  三. Yee 也 and Yee bu 也不 : Also, too, and Also- not,  or Not-either  五 Dou 都 : Both, All, Every; Neither, None, None of  四. Hair.sh 還是 :...or…? None, None of  六. Suoo.yii 所以 : Therefore, So that ’s why  七. De 的 Particle Used to Create Possessives,  as modifiers


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