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UNIT ONE TOP TIPS FOR GETTING ON IN THE WORKPLACE (P.6, 7) THE PETER PRINCIPLE (P. 9) Summary writing.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT ONE TOP TIPS FOR GETTING ON IN THE WORKPLACE (P.6, 7) THE PETER PRINCIPLE (P. 9) Summary writing."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT ONE TOP TIPS FOR GETTING ON IN THE WORKPLACE (P.6, 7) THE PETER PRINCIPLE (P. 9) Summary writing

2 1 Personal development, BA p 6 HW: search the web for texts about “success at work” and compile a list of advice provided Pick & present 1 piece of advice from your list Discuss the advice presented

3 Top tips for getting on in the workplace Business Advanced (BA), pp 6, 7 Before reading: Match expressions to meaning top tipan attitude towards a particular matter stance best piece of advice out to get youto make progress to get onwanting to see you fail to steer clear of sth.to avoid

4 Top tips for getting on in the workplace Business Advanced (BA), pp 6, 7 Before reading: Match expressions to meaning top tip best piece of advice stance an attitude towards a particular matter out to get you wanting to see you fail to get on to make progress to steer clear of sth.to avoid

5 Top tips for getting on in the workplace Business Advanced (BA), p 6, 7 2 Intro to reading: Life at work is a potential minefield: if your boss isn’t out to get you at any opportunity, it will be your colleagues. But don’t worry, as there are many things you can do to make your life at work a little easier (and even to get yourself ahead). Aside from such illegal strategies as blackmail and kidnap, a number of less drastic and more legal ones exist. So, next time you are having a hard time at work, try using a few of the tips opposite.

6 Top tips for getting on in the workplace BA, p 6, 7 2 : (life at work = battle) humorous stance, comic exaggeration Life at work is a potential minefield: if your boss isn’t out to get you at any opportunity, it will be your colleagues. But don’t worry, as there are many things you can do to make your life at work a little easier (and even to get yourself ahead). Aside from such illegal strategies as blackmail and kidnap, a number of less drastic and more legal ones exist. So, next time you are having a hard time at work, try using a few of the tips opposite.

7 Top tips for getting on in the workplace BA, p 6, 7 2 : (life at work = battle) humorous stance, comic exaggeration Life at work is a potential minefield: if your boss isn’t out to get you at any opportunity, it will be your colleagues. But don’t worry, as there are many things you can do to make your life at work a little easier (and even to get yourself ahead). Aside from such illegal strategies as blackmail and kidnap, a number of less drastic and more legal ones exist. So, next time you are having a hard time at work, try using a few of the tips opposite.

8 Top tips for getting on in the workplace BA, pp 6 & 7 3 Scan reading (read quickly and match headings with pgs.) a 4e 3 b 1f 7 c 8g 2 d 9h 6 i 5

9 Top tips for getting on in the workplace BA, pp 6 & 7 4 Reading and discussion PAIRWORK -Read the paragraph assigned to you -Summarize the point made by the author -Present the point to the class, encourage colleagues to comment HW: Read the whole text carefully and look up words/phrases you do not know →

10 HW: REPHRASE THE PHRASES IN BOLD. If necessary, rewrite the sentences: 1.Here are some tips for getting on in the workplace. 2.Employees want to get credit for doing things. 3.Get as far away from the project before the work kicks in. 4.Some people spend half their working lives slaving away in their offices. 5.If you don't do anything, you can't make any spectacular foul-ups. 6.Dress-down Fridays have impaired the smooth running of capitalism. →

11 7.I’m having an appraisal tomorrow. 8.When you have had a bad year, the best approach is a balance between cringing apology and groveling sycophancy. 9.Who is to blame for these cock-ups? 10.The author’s stance in this text is semi-ironic. 11.CEOs get jammy share options even though they don’t do much. 12.People who sit all day like a lemon can’t make any major cock-ups. 13.A tightly–run meeting is a frightening thing in the office. Luckily, these meeting are rare as a sense of gay abandon in the finance department.

12 The Peter Principle In a h___________ every employee tends to r_____ to his or her level of i_____________. In a hierarchy every employee tends to rise to his or her level of incompetence. The Peter Principle (1968) by Dr. J. Peter & R. Hull Comment, please. BA, p 9 5 Fill in the spaces in the text.

13 The Peter Principle 1 worked2 was published 3 are4 be considered 5 are clearly being made6 are based 7 is8 is not actually doing 9 is based10 not only gain 11 remains12 may be summarized 13 are required to carry them out 14 may then be placed15 are best suited

14 The Peter Principle Find the words that mean the same as: reality- _________ (pg 1, ln 6) imperfect- _______ (pg 2, ln 5) natural ability- _______ (pg 3, ln 6) pg = paragraph ln = line

15 The Peter Principle Find the words that mean the same as: reality- actuality (pg 1, ln 6) imperfect- flawed (pg 2, ln 5) natural ability- aptitude (pg 3, ln 6)

16 The Dilbert Principle Voc: to prevail in decisions to be impervious to logic to persuade others to be resistent to l. / not affected by l.

17 The Dilbert Principle Companies tend to systematically ___________ their least-_________ employees to management (generally middle management), in order to ________ the amount of damage they are capable of doing.

18 The Dilbert Principle Companies tend to systematically promote their least-competent / most incompetent employees to management (generally middle management), in order to limit the amount of damage they are capable of doing. The Dilbert Principle (1990) by Scott Adams (cartoonist) A New York Times bestseller Fun thing to do: Read about it on the internet!

19 Time to take a break! NEXT: Presentation about work life / work ethic by: Ružica, Mihajlo, Grgo and Filip Or not?

20 SUMMARY WRITING To pass on information quickly to someone who does not know the text. To show that you understand what you read. To show you are able to express in your own words what you read. Read, extract the main points, report.

21 Qualities of a Good Summary complete and self-contained writer's own way of expression (not a patch-work made up of phrases quoted form the original) precise and brief (no unimportant details, digression or irrelevant material) a continuous piece of prose clear and simple English

22 SUMMARY USEFUL PHRASES Thesis statement (one-sentence summary) The text deals with/discusses.... Text in brief (title, author, source) The article “ xx” was published /written by… Attributive language The author claims / argues / contends that.... According to the writer, He points to several reasons for He illustrates this with..... He cites findings from He refers to (events, statistics, other people etc) To support this, the author… He concludes that

23 AMERICA RE-ELECTS PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA (handout) Write the thesis statement EXTRACT THE MAIN POINTS close contest long and expensive campaign not quite clear why he won STRUCTURE AND ADD ATTRIBUTIVE LANGUAGE

24 SUMMARY The article “America re-elects President Barack Obama” published on discusses the recent victory of Barack Obama in the last US presidential election. The author claims that this was one of the closest contests in the U.S.history. To support this, he mentions pre-election polls and TV reports which said that either candidate stood an equal chance of winning. According to the author, Americans felt relief after the election as this was one of the most exhausting and expensive campaigns ever. Finally, the author cites Thomas L. Friedman to show that it is not quite clear what tipped the voting balance Obama’s way. HW: Write a summary of The Peter Principle


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