14What kind of needle would you use when sewing knits to go between fibers and prevent damage? Ballpoint
15What kind of needle should be used with woven fabrics? Sharp
16What kind of needle can be used with either knits or woven fabrics? Universal
17What is the difference between all-purpose and serger thread? Serger thread is lighter weight. It doesn’t add as much bulk to the seam.
18Why is it important to purchase quality rather than bargain thread? (summarize)The fibers of the "bargain" thread splits easily while you're sewing and can cause knotting of the thread, breakage of the thread and can also cause a build-up of lint in the bobbin area and along the thread line from the spool to the needle.
19When should heavy duty threads be used? When extra strength is required for sewing of heavy vinyl, coating or upholstery fabrics.
21Threading, thread tension dial, bobbin case What things should you check if your sewing machine tension isn’t right? (loops or uneven stitches on top & bottom)Threading, thread tension dial, bobbin case
22Make sure the take up lever is at the highest point. What is the solution if the needle comes unthreaded when beginning a row of stitching?Make sure the take up lever is at the highest point.
23What should you do if thread knots up on the underside of the fabric when beginning to stitch? Hold thread ends under and to the back of the presser foot when beginning to stitch.
24What should you do if the sewing machine jams? Remove the bobbin case and hook and clean out threads.
25What should you do if the fabric does not move? Make sure the feed dogs are up and the presser foot is down. Check to see if thread is knotted under the fabric.
26What are some things that can cause a needle to break? Pulling on the fabric as you sew, the needle hitting something hard (like a pin), using the wrong needle size.
27Clean it, dust out lint, oil it -Check machine manual What should you do to maintain a sewing machine & where do you find out how to do it?Clean it, dust out lint, oil it-Check machine manual
28What should you do to resolve skipped stitches, or snagged fabric? Change the needle - Make sure the needle isn’t bent or blunt.
29How would you resolve puckered seams? Check the thread tension.
63Which natural fiber is comfortable, easy to care for and very popular but tends to wrinkle? Cotton
64What kind of fabric is made from a flax plant What kind of fabric is made from a flax plant? It is can withstand high temperatures and wrinkles easily.Linen
65Which natural fiber is made from the cocoon of a worm Which natural fiber is made from the cocoon of a worm? It is soft and elegant but requires a lot of special care.Silk
66Which natural fiber comes from sheep, goats, and other animals Which natural fiber comes from sheep, goats, and other animals? It is warm and absorbent, but usually not machine washable.Wool
67Which synthetic fiber is very strong and used in carpets and parachutes? It is not absorbent and tends to build up static.Nylon
68Which synthetic fiber is the most widely used in America, resists wrinkles, but builds up static electricity?Polyester
69Which synthetic fiber is often used for sweaters Which synthetic fiber is often used for sweaters? It is soft and warm, but the surface tends to pill.Acrylic
70Which manufactured fiber is made from wood pulp Which manufactured fiber is made from wood pulp. It is soft and drapes well, but it tends to wrinkle and isn’t very strong.Rayon
71Which synthetic fiber is stretchy and often used in sports wear Which synthetic fiber is stretchy and often used in sports wear? It is strong and light weight, but does break down in chlorine bleach.Spandex
72Which synthetic fiber has a luxurious feel and appearance and is commonly used as linings in suits and in formal wear, but wrinkles easily and must be ironed on very low heat.Acetate
73They can be blended together What can be done to get the desirable characteristics of more than one kind of fiber?They can be blended together
75What measurement would you use to determine the pants size? Hips
76What measurement would you use to determine shirt size? Chest or bust
77What are notions?Supplies that will be needed to complete the project. (elastic, thread, buttons, bias tape, zippers, and trims are all notions.)
78What are some things you should remember when laying out a pattern? (summarize)Lay all pattern pieces on the fabric before pinning any of them in place. Avoid placing pattern pieces on the selvage edges of the fabric. Place each pattern piece so the grainline arrow runs lengthwise on the fabric.
79What should you remember when pinning pattern pieces to your fabric? Pin with care to prevent inaccurate cutting. Place pins about 6 inches apart and completely inside the cutting line.
80What are some guidelines when cutting out pattern pieces? (Summarize)Use sharp shears or a rotary cutter. Do not allow the fabric to hang over the edge of the table. Leave the fabric resting on the table as you cut. Cut notches out away from the seam allowance. Use care when cutting multisized patterns.
81What is this pattern symbol used for? Buttonhole and button placement. (may be used together or separately)
82What is this pattern symbol used for? Dots and squares. Transfer to fabric for use in matching pattern pieces.
83What is this pattern symbol used for? Straight of grain. When placing pattern piece of fabric, make both ends of the arrow an equal distance from selvage.
84What is this pattern symbol used for? Notches. Used to match seams. (single notches front – double notches back)
85On a one sized pattern, what do the dashed lines represent? Stitching lines
86The allowance added to a body measurement to make a garment wearable. What is ease?The allowance added to a body measurement to make a garment wearable.
87A solid arrow that is bent on both ends. What pattern symbol indicates that the pattern should be placed on the fold?A solid arrow that is bent on both ends.
88What do you need to remember with one way or directional fabric? The top of the pattern pieces must all go the same direction (so that the print is up).