Presentation on theme: "Enterprise 1 Unit one Hi. Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.2 Match the following ordinal numbers to the cardinal numbers Ordinal One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight."— Presentation transcript:
Enterprise 1 Unit one Hi
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.2 Match the following ordinal numbers to the cardinal numbers Ordinal One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve Cardinal second Fourth Sixth First Third Fifth Eleventh Ninth Twelfth Seventh Eighth tenth
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.3 Answers Ordinal One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve Cardinal second Fourth Sixth First Third Fifth Eleventh Ninth Twelfth Seventh Eighth tenth
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.4 Present Simple the verb “to be” Affirmative Full form I am You are He is She is It is We are you are They are Short form I ’ m You ’ re He ’ s She ’ s It ’ s We ’ re You ’ re They ’ re
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.5 Interrogative Am I …..? Are you ….? Is he ….? Is it … ? Are we …..? Are you ….? Are they … ? Answers Yes, I am. / No, I ’ m not. Yes, you are. / No, you aren ’ t. Yes, he is. / No, he isn ’ t. Yes, it is. / No, it isn ’ t. Yes, we are. / No, we aren ’ t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren ’ t. Yes, they are. / No, they aren ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.6 Negative I am not I ’ m not You are not you aren ’ t He is not he isn ’ t She is not she isn ’ t It is not it isn ’ t We are not we aren ’ t You are not you aren ’ t They are not they are n ’ t
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.7 Fill in ‘m, ‘s, ‘re, ‘m not, isn’t, or aren’t 1. She isn ’ t from Spain. She …… from Mexico. 2. You …… Hungarian. You are Italian. 3. My favourite sport is tennis. It …… football. 4. I am British. I …… French. 5. We aren ’ t doctors. We …… students. 6. I …… a farmer. I am not a teacher. 7. They aren ’ t from Egypt. They …… from Brazil.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.8 Answers 1. She isn ’ t from Spain. She ’ s from Mexico. 2. You aren ’ t Hungarian. You are Italian. 3. My favourite sport is tennis. It isn ’ t football. 4. I am British. I ’ m not French. 5. We aren ’ t doctors. We are students. 6. I ’ m a farmer. I am not a teacher. 7. They aren ’ t from Egypt. They ’ re from Brazil.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.9 a - an We use a/an before singular nouns Example: a pilot, a boy, an orange, an actor a is used before consonant sounds (b, c, d, f, g, j, k, m, n, p, etc) Example: He is a teacher. She is a doctor. an is used before vowel sounds ( a, e, i, o, u) Example: This is an apple. He is an engineer. Robert is an artist.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.10 A woman An orange An umbrella A man An ice-cream However, the choice between a and an actually depends on pronunciation, not spelling. Thus, a is used before a consonant vowel sound, even if it is written as a vowel, and an is used before a sound, even if it is written as a consonant: Example: a uniform a one-sided game an hour an NCO
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.11 Unit 2 A Friend in Need
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.12 Use the words in the list to write the opposite of the phrases Small, short, fair, thin, curly, fat tall boy boy slim girl girl long hair hair straight hair hair dark hair hair full lips lips big nose nose big eyes eyes
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.13 have got (‘ve got) has got (‘s got) Affirmative I/ You/ We/ They ’ ve got He/ she /it ’ s got Interrogative Have I/you/ we/they got … ? Has he/she/ it got … ? Negative I/ you/ we/ they haven ’ t got He/ she/ it hasn ’ t got short answers Yes, I/you/ we/they have. No, i/you/they/we haven ’ t. Yes, he/she/it has. No,he/she/it hasn ’ t. We use have got/ has got to express possession. Eg: I have got a cat. My cat has got long ears.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.14 Complete the sentences using have, haven’t, has or hasn’t 1. … … Pierre got a beard? No, he ………… 2. … … Pierre and Mario got long hair? ……… Mario got a beard? ……… Anna got long hair? Anna got brown hair. 6. Mario and Pierre got fair hair? she got brothers or sisters? you got a car? 9. They got a new house.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.15 Can expresses ability I can run. He can run. She can run. They can run. It can run. We can run. Negative You can ’ t run. They can ’ t run. We can ’ t do the job. I can ’ t see it. Interrogative: Can you see it? Can he do that? Can we go there? Can they meet him? Can I pick this? Can she speak English? Short answers: Yes, I can. Yes, he can. Yes, they can. Yes, we can. No, I can ’ t. No, he can ’ t. No, they can ’ t. No, we can ’ t. Polite request: Can you help me, please? Can you please speak to him?
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.16 Unit 3 Home Sweet Home Singular This is a chair. That is a desk. This is a clock. That is a mirror. This is a bed. That is a flower. This is a cupboard. This is an apple. Plural These are chairs. Those are desks. These are clocks. Those are mirrors. These are beds. Those are flowers. These are cupboards. These are apples. Most nouns take – s in the plural Most nouns take – s in the plural
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.17 next to, behind, in front of, in Prepositions of place Prepositions of place On under
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.18 Examples There are some pictures on the wall. There is a sofa next to the plants. The chair is in front of the table. The ball is under the table. There is a plant behind the chair. The chairs are in the room. I am a student at Community college.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.19 Fill in on, in or at 1.David and Sandra are their office. 2. Mike ’ s got some newspapers his hand. 3. There are stories about the monster all the papers. 4.Sandra and David are ---- train. 5. Sandra and David are a boat. 6. Look this.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.20 Answers 1.David and Sandra are in the office. 2.Mike ’ s got newspapers in his hand. 3.There are stories about the monster in all the papers. 4.Sandra and David are on train. 5.Sandra and David are on a boat. 6. Look at this.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.21 We use Imperatives to give orders or instructions 1. Look at this. (base form of the verb) 2. Go out. 3. Sit down. 4. Be careful 5. Go to Loch Ness. 6. Put this on. Don ’ t stand up. ( negative orders or instructions with don ’ t + base form of the verb) 1. Don ’ t write. 2. Don ’ t worry, take my hand. 3. Don ’ t speak. 4. Don ’ t touch me. 5. Don ’ t cross the road.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.22 Personal Pronouns Subject Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they go before verbs as subjects. 1. I am a student. 2. You worked hard. 3. He speaks English. 4. She is a teacher. 5. It is a cat. 6. We are going home. 7. They are good friends. Object Pronouns me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them go after verbs as objects. 1. He gave me a book. 2. I will teach you English. 3. We met him yesterday. 4. Mike warned her. 5. Can you see it? 6. They saw us. 7. I taught them English.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.23 Unit 4 Like Father, like Son Fill in aunt, niece, grandmother, wife, sister or daughter. 1. Husband Son Uncle Nephew Brother Grandfather
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.25 Possessive Case We add ‘s when a noun is singular to show possession. Example: 1. This is the girl ’ s ball. 2. This is Ali ’ s book. We add ‘ when a noun is plural and ends in – s to show possession. Example: 1. This is the girls ’ ball. 2. This is the boys ’ book. We add ‘ s to the last noun of a phrase to show possession. Example:1.This is Ann and Tom ’ s mother. 2. These are Sameer and Mohaned ’ s books.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.26 Who’s/Whose Who’s…? = Who is…? Who’s Tom? Whose is used to ask who the possessor is. Example: Whose is this ball? Fill in who ’ s, whose, him, them, her or me. 1. “ dog is it? ” “ Tom ’ s ”. 2. “ Linda? ” She ’ s Dan ’ s cousin. 3. “ -----nephew is Pam? ” “ Ann and Bob ’ s ”. 4. “ Sally ’ s brother? ” “ Robert. ” 5. “ Help----- ! I can ’ t open the door. ” 6. “ Ask He can help you. ” 7. “ house is it? ” “ It ’ s Steve ’ s. ” 8. “ Look at They are very short. ” 9. “ Give this to It is hers. ” 10. “ Saleh? ” “ He ’ s my uncle. ”
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.27 Unit 5 An Early Bird or a Night Owl Telling the time
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.28 How often do you go to the swimming pool? go to the theatre? play computer games? meet your friends? go shopping? never everyday/ month/ evening every two/three days/Sunday sometimes once/twice a week twice a month
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.29 Fill in on, in, at May spring/summer the morning the evening afternoon Friday(s) Sunday morning(s) 2 August 6 May, six o ’ clock the weekend night noon
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.30 Unit 6 Birds of a Feather Dolphins are They from 70 to 500 kilos. Dolphins are animals. Penguins can ’ t Penguins live for twenty years. They look when they walk. weigh, mammals, about, funny, sea
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K of the world. to …… them warm to …… funny to …… eggs to …… babies animals feathers a tail a smile in seas lay, short, intelligent, keep, have, big, warm, look, parts, thick
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.32 Unit 7 Come Rain or Shine Present Continuous Tense
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.33 negative I ’ m not playing You aren ’ t playing He isn ’ t playing She isn ’ t playing It isn ’ t playing We aren ’ t playing You aren ’ t playing They aren ’ t playing affirmative I am playing You are playing He is playing She is playing It is playing We are playing You are playing They are playing
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.34 Interrogative Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he playing? Is she playing? Is it playing? Are we playing? Are you playing? Are they playing? Short Answers Yes, I am. / No, I ’ m not. Yes you ’ re./ No, you aren ’ t. Yes, he is./ No, he isn ’ t. Yes, she is. / No, she isn ’ t. Yes, it is. / No, it isn ’ t. Yes, we are. / No, we aren ’ t. Yes, you are. / No, you aren ’ t. Yes, they are. / No they aren ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.35 Make sentences in the present continuous tense Tony - watch – TV. Stella – drive – a car. Bob and Keth --- swim. They – play basketball. James – ride a horse. She – wash the car. They – walk Clues watching driving swimming playing riding washing walking
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.36 Unit 8 Enjoy Your Meal We eat soup with a ……… We serve food on a ……… We cut food with a ……… We pick food with a ……… We fry eggs in a ……… (knife, fork, spoon, plate, frying-pan)
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.37 Plurals Some nouns ending in -f or -fe take – ves to form their plural. Example: loaf - loaves, knife-knives, thief-thieves Nouns ending in consonant+y drop – y and take – ies. Example: cherry - cherries, Nouns ending in a vowel +y take – s. Example: key-keys Some nouns ending in – o take -es example : potato - potatoes
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.38 Countable and uncountable Nouns Nouns that we can count are called countable nouns Example: One apple, ten apples, three apples, an apple, a book, a pen Uncountable nouns: we cannot count Examples: sugar, meat, fish, rice (some fish, some sugar, some meat) Some can be used with either countable nouns in the plural or uncountable nouns Examples: some bread, some eggs.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.39 Phrases of quantity A bottle of water A glass of milk A cup of coffee A slice of cheese A loaf of bread A piece of bread A bowl of soup A packet of crisps A carton of milk
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.40 How much/How many A few/ A little 1.How much sugar do you need? Just a little. 2.How many apples do you want? A few. 3.How much bread do you have? Just a little. 4. How many friends do you have? A few.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.41 Unit 9 Times Change Read the summary about Innishmore and cross out the wrong word. Fifty years ago, few tourists could reach Inishmore because there wasn ’ t a(n) port/airport. Life was difficult/easy. Inishmore was a noisy/quiet place back then. Today there are cars, buses and ferry boats. The people have got new, modern/old houses. Innishmore is very boring/ busy now. There are guest houses, restaurants and lots of clothes/souvenir shops. It is still beautiful/ugly, though.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.42 Vocabulary 1. a little island 2. Fifty years ago 3. The same as 4. Fishing boats 5.Stone cottages 6.Running water 7.Just like this 8. Modern houses 9.Souvenir shops 10.Green fields
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.43 Prepositions of Place 1.The school is opposite the library. 2.The caf é is between the bank and the post office. 3.The police station is next to the library. 4.The bus stop is in front of the post office. 5. The park is on the corner of Apple and King Street.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.44 Past simple of verb “to be” was/ were Affirmative Negative I/He/She/It was I/He/She/it wasn ’ t You/We/They were You/We/They weren ’ t Interrogative Short Answers Was I/He/He/It … ? Yes, I/He/She/ It was. Were you/we/they … ? No, I/He/She/It wasn ’ t. Yes, you/we/they were. No, you/we/they weren ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.45 Could (past simple of can) Affirmative I/you/he/she/we/they/It could swim. Negative I/you/he/she/we/they/It couldn ’ t swim. Interrogative Could I/you/we/he/she/they/It/Ali swim? Short answers Yes, I/she/he/we/you/they could. No, I/you/he/we/they/Amal couldn ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.46 Unit 10 The Price of Fame Diana Spencer was born on 1 st July,1961 in England. Her parents when she was a young girl. As a child, Diana at a boarding school in Kent. She-----her education in Switzerland. When she to England, she worked as a nanny in London. Diana------Prince Charles in July, People all around the world her wedding on television. Diana was very popular. The British her for her kindness and beauty. They her “ the People ’ s Princess ” because she so much about sick and poor people all over the world. studied returned married called cared died completed watched loved
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.47 Past Simple Affirmative I/ you/ he/she/they watched TV last night. Interrogative Did I/you/he/she/we/they Watch TV? Negative I/you/he/she/we/it didn ’ t watch TV last night. Short Answers Yes, I/you/he/she/we/they did. No, I/you/he/she/we/they/ Waleed didn ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.48 Spelling We add – ed to most regular verbs. I work - I worked We add – d to verbs ending in – e. I love - I loved Verbs ending in consonat +y drop the – y and add – ied. I study - I studied. Other verbs have irregular forms: become – became, make ---- made say – said bring ---- brought teach – taught marry ---- married
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.49 Unit 11 Use first, then, after that where necessary. Greg and Claire decided to go to Longleat Safari Park. First/ Next, they drove into the park and Greg stopped the car. He took some pictures of the lions. Finally/After that, he tried to start the car again. A few minutes later, the front of the car was on fire, so Claire beeped the horn and shouted for help. When/Just then, a park ranger came along in his jeep to help them. Finally/Last, another jeep arrived and chased the lions away. Greg and Claire felt very lucky to be alive.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.50 Adjectives and Adverbs Adjectives describe nouns. He is a careful driver. (What kind of driver is he? Careful.) Adverbs usually describe verbs. He drives carefully. (How does he drive? Carefully.)
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.51 Fill in the adverbs Adverbs adverb Happy happily Strange strangely Hard hard Desperate desperately Fast fast Easy easily Good well Quick quickly
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.52 Unit 12 See New Places Meet New Faces The hotels in LA are more expensive than those in many other American Cities, but they are clean and safe. There are famous restaurants you can eat at, like the Buffalo Club. For the most delicious Mexican dishes, eat at the Border Grill. You can buy cheap fashionable clothes on Melrose Avenue. A visit to the expensive ships on Rodeo Drive is always unforgettable.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.53 Vocabulary : synonyms Fill in the synonyms. Safe Not dangerous Well-known Famous Close Near Fascinating interesting Memorable Unforgettable Area district
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.54 Unit 13 Time Will Tell Expressing Plans and intentions Affirmative: I am/You are/He is/We are going to move house. Negative: I ’ m not/You aren ’ t/He isn ’ t/They aren ’ t going to move house. Interrogative: Am I/Are you/Is he/Are they going to move house? Short Answers: Yes, I am/You are/ He is/They are. No, I ’ m not/you aren ’ t/he isn ’ t.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.55 be going to and present continuous tense be going to is used for prediction. Present continuous tense is used for actions happening now. Eg: What is she going to do? She ’ s going to drink some orange juice. What is she doing? She ’ s drinking some orange juice. There are dark clouds in the sky. It is going to rain. (prediction) It is raining. (present continuous)
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.56 Unit 14 Dos and Don’ts Vocabulary Pre-packaged food Washing-up liquid aluminium cans Public transport To pollute the air To light fires It smells horrible Plastic bottles
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.57 Giving instructions Do not throw plastic bottles into the sea. Do not use aerosoles. Try not to buy pre-packaged food. Never light fires in forests. Use public transport. Cars pollute the air.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.58 must or mustn’t You must do your homework. You mustn ’ t write on the walls. You mustn ’ t sleep in the class. You must keep the classroom clean. You mustn ’ t fight in the class. You mustn ’ t cheat in tests.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.59 Unit 15 Take a Break Replace the adjectives in bold with their opposites. I ’ m having a wonderful time. horrible The streets are noisy and crowded. quiet and empty We ’ ve been to a traditional restaurant. modern The food was delicious. disgusting The weather is very hot. cold
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.60 Present Perfect (have/ has +past participle) I have cleaned the room. You have cleaned the room. He has cleaned the room She has done her homework. It has started raining. We have seen him. You have finished the job. They have met him.
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.61 Revision Exercises Choose the correct answer. 1. She wavy hair. a) has got b) have got c) is you help me, please? a) Have b) Are c) Can 3. Please, write me soon. a) to b) about c) in 4. I am a Saudi about you? a) Whose b) Who c) What 5. He dinner at 6.00 in the evening. a) has b) does c) goes
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.62 Revision Exercises Is there anything to eat? I’m hungry. 2. We’d like----- bottle of mineral water. a 3. There are-----apples in the fridge. some 4. There is a nice garden her house. in front of 5. Bob is older Mary. than
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.63 Revision Exercises Fill in the gaps with the missing words. 1. There a brilliant film on TV last Monday. was you see it? Did 2. “ What ’ s with this radio, Bob? ” “ I don ’ t know. wrong 3. Have you been to India? ever No, I haven ’ t 4. “ Stella ’ s phone number? ” “ ”. What ’ s 5. I like chess. playing
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.64 Revision Exercises Choose the correct answer. 1. It ’ s the tallest building we ’ ve seen. a) ever b) never c) just 2. I ’ d like to a table for tonight. a) book b) keep c) close 3. She has been here last year. a) for b) since c) from 4. How many friends you have? a) are b) do c) were 5. “ do you get to work? ” “ By bus. ” a) How b) Where c) What
Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.65 Prepared by Dr. Yoosaph Aayalakkandy English Language Instructor Riyadh Community College King Saud University K.S.A