2Match the following ordinal numbers to the cardinal numbers OneTwoThreeFourFiveSixSevenEightNineTenElevenTwelveCardinalsecondFourthSixthFirstThirdFifthEleventhNinthTwelfthSeventhEighthtenthDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
3Answers Ordinal Cardinal One second Two Fourth Three Sixth Four First FiveSixSevenEightNineTenElevenTwelveCardinalsecondFourthSixthFirstThirdFifthEleventhNinthTwelfthSeventhEighthtenthDr. yoosaph.A.k.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
4Present Simple the verb “to be” Affirmative Full formI amYou areHe isShe isIt isWe areyou areThey areShort formI’mYou’reHe’sShe’sIt’sWe’reThey’reDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
5Interrogative Answers Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. Am I …..? Are you….?Is he….?Is it…?Are we…..?Are they…?AnswersYes, I am. / No, I’m not.Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
6They are not they are n’t NegativeI am not I’m notYou are not you aren’tHe is not he isn’tShe is not she isn’tIt is not it isn’tWe are not we aren’tYou are not you aren’tThey are not they are n’tDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
7Fill in ‘m, ‘s, ‘re, ‘m not, isn’t, or aren’t 1. She isn’t from Spain. She ……from Mexico.2. You …… Hungarian. You are Italian.3. My favourite sport is tennis. It …… football.4. I am British. I…… French.5. We aren’t doctors. We …… students.6. I…… a farmer. I am not a teacher.7. They aren’t from Egypt. They…… from Brazil.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
81. She isn’t from Spain. She’s from Mexico. Answers1. She isn’t from Spain. She’sfrom Mexico.2. You aren’t Hungarian. You areItalian.3. My favourite sport is tennis. It isn’tfootball.4. I am British. I ’m not French.5. We aren’t doctors. We are students.6. I ’m a farmer. I am not a teacher.7. They aren’t from Egypt. They’re fromBrazil.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
9a - an We use a/an before singular nouns Example: a pilot, a boy, an orange, an actora is used before consonant sounds (b, c, d, f, g, j, k, m, n, p, etc)Example: He is a teacher.She is a doctor.an is used before vowel sounds ( a, e, i, o, u)Example: This is an apple.He is an engineer.Robert is an artist.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
10A woman An orange An umbrella A man An ice-cream However, the choice between a and an actually depends onpronunciation, not spelling. Thus, a is used before a consonant vowel sound,even if it is written as a vowel, and an is used before asound, even if it is written as a consonant:Example:a uniform a one-sided game an hour an NCODr. Yoosaph.A.K.
12Use the words in the list to write the opposite of the phrases Small, short, fair, thin, curly, fattall boy boyslim girl girllong hair hairstraight hair hairdark hair hairfull lips lipsbig nose nosebig eyes eyesDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
13have got (‘ve got) has got (‘s got) We use have got/ has got to express possession. Eg: I have got a cat. My cat has got long ears.AffirmativeI/ You/ We/ They’ve gotHe/ she /it’s gotInterrogativeHave I/you/ we/they got…?Has he/she/ it got…?NegativeI/ you/ we/ they haven’t gotHe/ she/ it hasn’t gotshort answersYes, I/you/ we/they have.No, i/you/they/we haven’t.Yes, he/she/it has.No,he/she/it hasn’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
14Complete the sentences using have, haven’t, has or hasn’t 1. … … Pierre got a beard? No, he …………2. … … Pierre and Mario got long hair?3. ……… Mario got a beard?4. ………Anna got long hair?5. Anna got brown hair.6. Mario and Pierre got fair hair?she got brothers or sisters?you got a car?9. They got a new house.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
15Can expresses ability I can run. He can run. She can run. They can run. It can run. We can run.NegativeYou can’t run. They can’t run. We can’t do the job. I can’t see it.Interrogative:Can you see it? Can he do that?Can we go there? Can they meet him?Can I pick this? Can she speak English?Short answers:Yes, I can. Yes, he can. Yes, they can. Yes, we can.No, I can’t. No, he can’t. No, they can’t. No, we can’t.Polite request:Can you help me, please?Can you please speak to him?Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
16Most nouns take –s in the plural Unit 3 Home Sweet HomeMost nouns take –s in the pluralSingularThis is a chair.That is a desk.This is a clock.That is a mirror.This is a bed.That is a flower.This is a cupboard.This is an apple.PluralThese are chairs.Those are desks.These are clocks.Those are mirrors.These are beds.Those are flowers.These are cupboards.These are apples.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
17Prepositions of place next to, behind, in front of, in On under Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
18Examples There are some pictures on the wall. There is a sofa next to the plants.The chair is in front of the table.The ball is under the table.There is a plant behind the chair.The chairs are in the room.I am a student at Community college.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
19Fill in on, in or at 1.David and Sandra are -------- their office. 2. Mike’s got some newspapers his hand.3. There are stories about the monster all the papers.4.Sandra and David are ---- train.5. Sandra and David are a boat.6. Look this.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
20Answers 1.David and Sandra are in the office. 2.Mike’s got newspapers in his hand.3.There are stories about the monster in all the papers.4.Sandra and David are on train.5.Sandra and David are on a boat.6. Look at this.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
21We use Imperatives to give orders or instructions 1. Look at this. (base form of the verb)2. Go out.3. Sit down.4. Be careful5. Go to Loch Ness.6. Put this on.Don’t stand up. ( negative orders or instructions with don’t + base form of the verb)1. Don’t write.2. Don’t worry, take my hand.3. Don’t speak.4. Don’t touch me.5. Don’t cross the road.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
22Personal Pronouns Subject Pronouns Object Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they go before verbs as subjects.1. I am a student.2. You worked hard.3. He speaks English.4. She is a teacher.5. It is a cat.6. We are going home.7. They are good friends.Object Pronounsme, you, him, her, it, us, you, them go after verbs as objects.1. He gave me a book.2. I will teach you English.3. We met him yesterday.4. Mike warned her.5. Can you see it?6. They saw us.7. I taught them English.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
23Unit 4 Like Father, like Son Fill in aunt, niece, grandmother, wife, sister or daughter.1. Husband2. Son3. Uncle4. Nephew5. Brother6. GrandfatherDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
25Possessive Case We add ‘s when a noun is singular to show possession. Example: 1. This is the girl’s ball.2. This is Ali’s book.We add ‘ when a noun is plural and ends in –s to show possession.Example: 1. This is the girls’ ball.2. This is the boys’ book.We add ‘s to the last noun of a phrase to show possession.Example:1.This is Ann and Tom’s mother.2. These are Sameer and Mohaned’s books.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
26Who’s/Whose Who’s…. = Who is…. Who’s Tom Who’s/Whose Who’s…? = Who is…? Who’s Tom? Whose is used to ask who the possessor is. Example: Whose is this ball?Fill in who’s, whose, him, them, her or me.1. “ dog is it?” “Tom’s”.2. “ Linda?” She’s Dan’s cousin.3.“-----nephew is Pam?” “Ann and Bob’s”.4.“----- Sally’s brother?” “Robert.”5.“Help----- ! I can’t open the door.”6. “Ask He can help you.”7.“ house is it?” “It’s Steve’s.”8.“Look at They are very short.”9.“Give this to It is hers.”10. “----- Saleh?” “He’s my uncle.”Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
27Unit 5 An Early Bird or a Night Owl Telling the timesix o' clock = sixa quarter to six = five forty-five = 5. 45half past nine = nine thirty = 9.30Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
28How often do you never everyday/ month/ evening go to the swimming pool?go to the theatre?play computergames?meet your friends?go shopping?nevereveryday/ month/ eveningevery two/three days/Sundaysometimesonce/twice a week twice a monthDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
29Fill in on, in, at ---------------- May spring/summer the morning the eveningafternoon1998Friday(s)Sunday morning(s)2 August6 May, 1978six o’clockthe weekendnightnoonDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
30Unit 6 Birds of a Feather Dolphins are--------------------. They from 70 to 500 kilos.Dolphins are animals.Penguins can’tPenguins live for twenty years.They look when they walk.weigh, mammals, about, funny, seaDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
31lay, short, intelligent, keep, have, big, warm, look, parts, thick of the world.to……them warmto……funnyto……eggsto……babiesanimals------feathersa taila smilein seasDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
32Present Continuous Tense Unit 7Come Rain or ShinePresent Continuous TenseDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
33negative I’m not playing You aren’t playing He isn’t playing She isn’t playingIt isn’t playingWe aren’t playingThey aren’t playingaffirmativeI am playingYou are playingHe is playingShe is playingIt is playingWe are playingThey are playingDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
34Interrogative Short Answers Am I playing? Are you playing? Is he playing?Is she playing?Is it playing?Are we playing?Are they playing?Short AnswersYes, I am. / No, I’m not.Yes you’re./ No, you aren’t.Yes, he is./ No, he isn’t.Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.Yes, they are. / No they aren’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
35Make sentences in the present continuous tense ClueswatchingdrivingswimmingplayingridingwashingwalkingTony - watch – TV.Stella – drive – a car.Bob and Keth --- swim.They – play basketball.James – ride a horse.She – wash the car.They – walkDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
36Unit 8 Enjoy Your Meal We eat soup with a……… We serve food on a……… We cut food with a ………We pick food with a………We fry eggs in a ………(knife, fork, spoon, plate, frying-pan)Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
37Plurals Some nouns ending in -f or -fe take –ves to form their plural. Example: loaf - loaves, knife-knives, thief-thievesNouns ending in consonant+y drop –y and take –ies.Example: cherry - cherries,Nouns ending in a vowel +y take –s.Example: key-keysSome nouns ending in –o take -esexample : potato - potatoesDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
38Countable and uncountable Nouns Nouns that we can count are called countable nounsExample: One apple, ten apples, three apples,an apple, a book, a penUncountable nouns: we cannot countExamples: sugar, meat, fish, rice(some fish, some sugar, some meat)Some can be used with either countable nouns in the plural or uncountable nounsExamples: some bread, some eggs.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
39Phrases of quantity A bottle of water A glass of milk A cup of coffee A slice of cheeseA loaf of breadA piece of breadA bowl of soupA packet of crispsA carton of milkDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
40How much/How many A few/ A little 1.How much sugar do you need?Just a little.2.How many apples do you want?A few.3.How much bread do you have?4. How many friends do you have?Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
41Unit 9 Times ChangeRead the summary about Innishmore and cross out the wrong word.Fifty years ago, few tourists could reach Inishmore because there wasn’t a(n) port/airport. Life was difficult/easy. Inishmore was a noisy/quiet place back then. Today there are cars, buses and ferry boats. The people have got new, modern/old houses. Innishmore is very boring/ busy now. There are guest houses, restaurants and lots of clothes/souvenir shops. It is still beautiful/ugly, though.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
42Vocabulary 1. a little island 2. Fifty years ago 3. The same as 4. Fishing boats5.Stone cottages6.Running water7.Just like this8. Modern houses9.Souvenir shops10.Green fieldsDr. Yoosaph.A.K.
43Prepositions of Place 1.The school is opposite the library. 2.The café is between the bank and thepost office.3.The police station is next to thelibrary.4.The bus stop is in front of the postoffice.5. The park is on the corner of Apple and KingStreet.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
44Past simple of verb “to be” was/ were Affirmative NegativeI/He/She/It was I/He/She/it wasn’tYou/We/They were You/We/They weren’tInterrogative Short AnswersWas I/He/He/It…? Yes, I/He/She/ It was.Were you/we/they…? No, I/He/She/It wasn’t.Yes, you/we/they were.No, you/we/they weren’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
45Could (past simple of can) AffirmativeI/you/he/she/we/they/It could swim.NegativeI/you/he/she/we/they/It couldn’t swim.InterrogativeCould I/you/we/he/she/they/It/Ali swim?Short answersYes, I/she/he/we/you/they could.No, I/you/he/we/they/Amal couldn’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
46studied returned married called cared died completed watched loved Unit 10 The Price of FameDiana Spencer was born on 1st July,1961 in England. Her parents when she was a young girl. As a child, Diana at a boarding school in Kent. She-----her education in Switzerland. When she to England, she worked as a nanny in London.Diana------Prince Charles in July, People all around the world her wedding on television.Diana was very popular. The British her for her kindness and beauty. They her “the People’s Princess” because she so much about sick and poor people all over the world.studied returned married called careddied completed watched lovedDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
47Past Simple Negative I/you/he/she/we/it didn’t watch TV last night. AffirmativeI/ you/ he/she/they watchedTV last night.InterrogativeDid I/you/he/she/we/theyWatch TV?NegativeI/you/he/she/we/it didn’t watch TV last night.Short AnswersYes, I/you/he/she/we/theydid.No, I/you/he/she/we/they/ Waleed didn’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
48Spelling We add –ed to most regular verbs. I work - I worked We add –d to verbs ending in –e.I love - I lovedVerbs ending in consonat +y drop the –y and add –ied.I study - I studied.Other verbs have irregular forms:become – became, make madesay – said bring ---- broughtteach – taught marry ---- marriedDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
49Unit 11 Use first, then, after that where necessary. Greg and Claire decided to go to Longleat Safari Park. First/ Next, they drove into the park and Greg stopped the car. He took some pictures of the lions. Finally/After that, he tried to start the car again. A few minutes later, the front of the car was on fire, so Claire beeped the horn and shouted for help. When/Just then, a park ranger came along in his jeep to help them. Finally/Last, another jeep arrived and chased the lions away. Greg and Claire felt very lucky to be alive.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
50Adjectives and Adverbs Adjectives describe nouns.He is a careful driver.(What kind of driver is he? Careful.)Adverbs usually describe verbs.He drives carefully. (How does he drive? Carefully.)Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
51Fill in the adverbs Adverbs adverb Happy happily Strange strangely Hard hardDesperate desperatelyFast fastEasy easilyGood wellQuick quicklyDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
52Unit 12 See New Places Meet New Faces The hotels in LA are more expensive than those in many other American Cities, but they are clean and safe. There are famous restaurants you can eat at, like the Buffalo Club. For the most delicious Mexican dishes, eat at the Border Grill.You can buy cheap fashionable clothes on Melrose Avenue. A visit to the expensive ships on Rodeo Drive is always unforgettable.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
53Vocabulary : synonyms Fill in the synonyms. Safe Not dangerous Well-knownFamousCloseNearFascinatinginterestingMemorableUnforgettableAreadistrictDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
54Unit 13 Time Will Tell Expressing Plans and intentions Affirmative: I am/You are/He is/We are going to move house.Negative: I’m not/You aren’t/He isn’t/Theyaren’t going to move house.Interrogative: Am I/Are you/Is he/Are theygoing to move house?Short Answers: Yes, I am/You are/ He is/They are.No, I’m not/you aren’t/he isn’t.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
55be going to and present continuous tense be going to is used for prediction.Present continuous tense is used for actions happening now.Eg: What is she going to do?She’s going to drink some orange juice.What is she doing?She’s drinking some orange juice.There are dark clouds in the sky. It is going to rain. (prediction)It is raining. (present continuous)Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
56Unit 14 Dos and Don’ts Vocabulary Pre-packaged food Washing-up liquid aluminium cansPublic transportTo pollute the airTo light firesIt smells horriblePlastic bottlesDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
57Giving instructions Do not throw plastic bottles into the sea. Do not use aerosoles.Try not to buy pre-packaged food.Never light fires in forests.Use public transport. Cars pollute the air.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
58must or mustn’t You must do your homework. You mustn’t write on the walls.You mustn’t sleep in the class.You must keep the classroom clean.You mustn’t fight in the class.You mustn’t cheat in tests.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
59Unit 15 Take a Break quiet and empty Replace the adjectives in bold with their opposites.I’m having a wonderful time.horribleThe streets are noisy and crowded.quiet and emptyWe’ve been to a traditional restaurant.modernThe food was delicious.disgustingThe weather is very hot.coldDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
60Present Perfect (have/ has +past participle) I have cleaned the room.You have cleaned the room.He has cleaned the roomShe has done her homework.It has started raining.We have seen him.You have finished the job.They have met him.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
61Revision Exercises Choose the correct answer. 1. She wavy hair.a) has got b) have got c) isyou help me, please?a) Have b) Are c) Can3. Please, write me soon.a) to b) about c) in4. I am a Saudi about you?a) Whose b) Who c) What5. He dinner at 6.00 in the evening.a) has b) does c) goesDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
62Revision ExercisesIs there anything to eat?I’m hungry.2. We’d like----- bottle of mineral water.a3. There are-----apples in the fridge.some4. There is a nice garden her house.in front of5. Bob is older Mary.thanDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
63Fill in the gaps with the missing words. Revision ExercisesFill in the gaps with the missing words.1. There a brilliant film on TV last Monday wasyou see it?Did2. “What’s with this radio, Bob?”“I don’t know.wrong3. Have you been to India?everNo, Ihaven’t4. “------Stella’s phone number?” “488756”.What’s5. I like chess.playingDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
64Choose the correct answer. Revision ExercisesChoose the correct answer.1. It’s the tallest building we’ve seen.a) ever b) never c) just2. I’d like to a table for tonight.a) book b) keep c) close3. She has been here last year.a) for b) since c) from4. How many friends you have?a) are b) do c) were5. “ do you get to work?” “By bus.”a) How b) Where c) WhatDr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.
65Dr. Yoosaph Aayalakkandy English Language Instructor Prepared byDr. Yoosaph AayalakkandyEnglish Language InstructorRiyadh Community CollegeKing Saud UniversityK.S.ADr. Yoosaph.A.K.Dr. Yoosaph.A.K.