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Why Spanking Isn’t a Good Idea. Thesis Spanking children is not a good way to modify their behavior because: – It is not as effective as other methods.

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Presentation on theme: "Why Spanking Isn’t a Good Idea. Thesis Spanking children is not a good way to modify their behavior because: – It is not as effective as other methods."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Spanking Isn’t a Good Idea

2 Thesis Spanking children is not a good way to modify their behavior because: – It is not as effective as other methods – It has some undesirable consequences

3 “But I Turned Out Fine” Individual cases are not compelling evidence Lack of a control condition Probabilistic reasoning

4 Spanking as Punishment Spanking is a form of punishment: a consequence which decreases a behavior Desired behaviors can’t be taught through punishment New behaviors can be taught through shaping

5 Timing The consequence must occur right after the behavior If the punishment is delayed, then the current behavior (whatever it may be) is being punished, not the target behavior

6 Add Something Remove Something Increase Behavior Decrease Behavior positive reinforcement negative punishment positive punishment negative reinforcement

7 Alternatives to Spanking Negative punishment (paired with positive reinforcement) Premack Principle Negative reinforcement for desired behavior Extinction of undesirable behavior (and avoid partial reinforcement )

8 Alternatives to Spanking Social Learning Theory – Learning through observation – Modeling of desired behaviors – Vicarious reinforcement

9 Undesirable Consequences Learned helplessness Classical conditioning – Pain paired with spanker – Elicits CR to spanker in future

10 Research Shows… Increased use of corporal punishment predicts: – Increased aggressive behaviors – Increased aggressive behaviors in adulthood – Decreased empathy – Increased probability of mental health issues: Anxiety Depression Substance Abuse


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