U s e We use the first conditional clauses to talk about actions likely to happen in the present or future. Example: If I study hard, I will pass the exam.
S t r u c tu r e Example: If my mother goes out, I will sleep all day long IF + SIMPLE PRESENT +, + SUBJECT + WILL + VERB + REST. SUBJECT + WILL + VERB + REST + IF + SIMPLE PRESENT Example: I will sleep all day long If my mother goes out
E x a m p l e s If he passes his driving test, he will buy a car.
If I have time, I will visit my grandparents at the weekend.
I will buy a new sofa as soon as I have enough money.
E x e r c i s e s Match the two parts of the sentences: 1.I’ll be happy... 2. She won’t pass her exams... 3. He’ll come to the party... 4. If we climb faster... 5. Unless you invite her... a. if she doesn’t study more. b. if it’s at the weekend. c. she’ll be very upset. d. if I win the race. e. we’ll get to the top of the hill before lunch