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Beginning-of-Year Administration: Reminders & Updates.

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1 Beginning-of-Year Administration: Reminders & Updates

2 2 Contents Slide 3When to Administer BOY Slides 4 – 6 Kindergarten Slides 7 – 16 Grade 1 Slides 17 – 27 Grade 2 Slides 28 – 38 Grade 3 Slide 39PMER Slide 40PMBR Slide 41Contact Information

3 3 When to Administer BOY For Kindergarten, TPRI recommends BOY administration begin six weeks after the start of the school year. For Grades 1, 2 and 3, TPRI recommends BOY administration begin two weeks after the start of the school year. Individual schools and school districts set the specific dates for their TPRI administration window to open and close. TPRI recommends an administration window of 2 weeks or less.

4 Kindergarten 4 Kindergarten BOY Reminders Screening Section The purpose of the Screening Section is to predict for teachers which of their students may need additional or intensive reading instruction in order to meet their grade level goals. At BOY teachers should complete the Screening Section with all students in the class. The Screening Section at BOY includes two tasks: - SCR-1 Letter Sound - SCR-2 Blending Onset-Rimes and Phonemes After the Screening Section, teachers should follow the Branching Rules to determine which tasks on the Inventory Section of the TPRI a student should complete.

5 Kindergarten 5 Kindergarten BOY Reminders Inventory Section The purpose of the Inventory Section is to allow teachers to acquire more data to help match reading instruction with specific student needs. It is not expected that students will be able to complete all of the TPRI tasks successfully at the beginning of the year. If students scored Developed (D) on the Screening Section, then skip to the Listening Comprehension portion of the Inventory. Students who scored Still Developing (SD) on the screening should begin with BPA–1 or PA-1. The Book and Print Awareness task (BPA-1) is optional. Follow the Branching Rules when a student scores Still Developing (SD) on a task in the PA and GK portions of the inventory. All students should complete the Listening Comprehension portion of the inventory.

6 Kindergarten 6 BOY – Kindergarten Listening Comprehension The Listening Comprehension task at BOY is COM-BOY. This task is administered to all students. The BOY story is The Day the Prince Lost His Tooth. Ask the comprehension questions listed on the Student Record Sheet. Score 1 for correct and 0 for incorrect. Do not give ½ points. Sample answers are provided, but rely on your professional judgment in scoring responses as correct or incorrect.

7 Grade 1 7 Grade 1 BOY Reminders Screening Section The purpose of the Screening Section is to predict for teachers which of their students may need additional or intensive reading instruction in order to meet their grade level goals. At BOY teachers should complete the Screening Section with all students in the class. The Screening Section at BOY includes three tasks: - SCR-1 Letter Sound - SCR-2 Word Reading - SCR-3 Blending Phonemes After the Screening Section, teachers should follow the Branching Rules to determine which tasks on the Inventory Section of the TPRI a student should complete.

8 Grade 1 8 Grade 1 BOY Reminders Inventory Section The purpose of the Inventory Section is to allow teachers to acquire more data to help match reading instruction with specific student needs. It is not expected that students will be able to complete all of the TPRI tasks successfully at the beginning of the year. If students scored Developed (D) on the Screening Section then skip to the Word Reading portion of the inventory. Students who scored Still Developing (SD) on the Screening Section should begin with PA-1. Follow the Branching Rules when a student scores Still Developing (SD) on a task in the PA, GK or Word Reading portions of the inventory. All students take the Word Reading and the Reading Accuracy, Fluency and Comprehension portions of the Inventory Section.

9 Grade 1 9 Scoring the Word Reading Task Score words as correct (1) or incorrect (0). For instructional planning, record incorrect responses as the student reads each word. –Use phonetic spelling that will later allow you to recall the answer the student provided. The Error Analysis Chart helps understand specific word decoding confusion. –Do not complete the Error Analysis Chart while you are with the student. –Complete the Error Analysis Chart for students to whom you will provide targeted GK instruction.

10 Grade 1 10 BOY – Grade 1 Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension The Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension task at BOY is READ-BOY. This portion is administered to all students. The BOY stories are: –Story 1 – Tut –Story 2 – Baseball Game All students attempt to read both stories. If the student reaches the frustrational level on a story, then read the story to the student.

11 Grade 1 11 Correct Story Reading Administration & Scoring SAY: I’m going to ask you to read a story. The title of the story is ____________. After you read it, I’ll ask you a few questions. Read the story out loud to me. DO: Place the Story Booklet in front of the student. Start the stopwatch when the student reads the first word of the story. As the student reads, mark errors on the Student Record Sheet. Mark any words not read correctly with a slash ( / ) on the Student Record Sheet. Story reading errors include: –Mispronunciations – The student pronounces the word incorrectly. This includes leaving off –s, –ed and –ing endings. –Substitutions – The student replaces the correct word with a different word. –Omissions – The student skips a word. –Reversals – The student reads adjacent words in the wrong order. –Hesitations – The student pauses for longer than 3 seconds or takes longer than 3 seconds to sound out a word. In these cases, provide the word and count it as an error. Items not considered errors: –Insertions – The student adds a whole word that does not appear in the text. –Self-corrections – The student makes an error, but then corrects the error. –Repetitions – The student reads the same word or phrase multiple times. –Loss of place – The student skips a line or loses their place. Redirect the student to the correct place in the story and allow the stopwatch to continue to run. If the student reads the same word incorrectly multiple times throughout a story, count the word as an error each time it is read incorrectly. All words, including names, are scored in the same way.

12 Grade 1 12 Determining Fluency Rates Using the Fluency Equating Tables TPRI provides tools to help teachers measure and understand fluency scores more effectively. These tools come in the form of Fluency Equating Tables which equate fluency performance on any story with the hardest End-of-Year story (Story 6). For more information and to download the Fluency Equating Table for your grade level, go to:

13 Grade 1 13 Determining Average Fluency Rates Average fluency rates for the two BOY stories (Story 1 & Story 2) can be used for reporting, grouping students and/or for planning instruction. TPRI recommends that average fluency rates be calculated using the equated fluency score for each story the student reads at the instructional or independent level. If the student is able to read both stories at the instructional or independent level, then the average fluency rate is determined using this formula: (Story 1 rate + Story 2 rate) ÷ 2 = Avg. rate

14 Grade 1 14 Determining Average Fluency Rates When Students Reach Frustration If a student scores at the frustrational level on a story, do not calculate a fluency rate for that story. Students who reach frustration on both Story 1 & 2 will not have an average fluency rate. If the student is only able to read one story at instructional or independent level, TPRI recommends that teachers record the equated fluency rate for that one story as the student’s average fluency score.

15 Grade 1 15 BOY – Grade 1 Reading Comprehension Ask the comprehension questions listed on the Student Record Sheet. Score 1 for correct and 0 for incorrect. Do not give ½ points. Sample answers are provided, but rely on your professional judgment in scoring responses as correct or incorrect.

16 Grade 1 16 Scoring Developed (D) for Reading Comprehension Students who listen to a story after reaching frustration cannot score D for Reading Comprehension. On an individual story, students can score D for Reading Comprehension by answering 5-6 questions correctly, but there is not an overall D criteria for Reading Comprehension. To consider students' comprehension scores in relation to each other (when grouping students, for example), there are two common and efficient approaches. –Look at whether students scored D on both stories, 1 story or 0 stories. –Look at the total number of comprehension questions that students answered correctly for both stories.

17 Grade 2 17 Grade 2 BOY Reminders Screening Section The purpose of the Screening Section is to predict for teachers which of their students may need additional or intensive reading instruction in order to meet their grade level goals. At BOY teachers should complete the Screening Section with all students in the class. The Screening Section at BOY includes one task: - SCR-1 Word Reading After the Screening Section, the teacher should administer all tasks of the Inventory Section.

18 Grade 2 18 Grade 2 BOY Reminders Inventory Section The purpose of the Inventory Section is to allow teachers to acquire more data to help match reading instruction with specific student needs. It is not expected that students will be able to complete all of the TPRI tasks successfully at the beginning of the year. All students take the Spelling, Word Reading and the Reading Accuracy, Fluency and Comprehension portions of the Inventory Section.

19 Grade 2 19 Grade 2 BOY Spelling Task The spelling task may be administered to the whole class at once, in small groups or individually. Carefully follow the script in the Teacher’s Guide. Score words as correct (1) or incorrect (0). The Error Analysis Chart helps understand specific spelling confusion and will help to guide instruction.

20 Grade 2 20 Scoring the Word Reading Task Score words as correct (1) or incorrect (0). Follow the Branching Rules if a student scores 0 on Set 1. For instructional planning, record incorrect responses as the student reads each word. –Use phonetic spelling that will allow you to recall the answer the student provided. The Error Analysis Chart helps understand specific word decoding confusion. –Do not complete the Error Analysis Chart while you are with the student. –Complete the Error Analysis Chart for students to whom you will provide targeted GK instruction.

21 Grade 2 21 BOY – Grade 2 Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension The Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension task at BOY is READ-BOY. This portion is administered to all students. The BOY stories are: –Story 1 – Rosa’s New Friend –Story 2 – Skateboard! All students attempt to read both stories. If the student reaches the frustrational level on a story, then read the story to the student.

22 Grade 2 22 Correct Story Reading Administration & Scoring SAY: I’m going to ask you to read a story. The title of the story is ___________. After you read it, I’ll ask you a few questions. Read the story out loud to me. DO: Place the Story Booklet in front of the student. Start the stopwatch when the student reads the first word of the story. As the student reads, mark errors on the Student Record Sheet. Mark any words not read correctly with a slash ( / ) on the Student Record Sheet. Story reading errors include: –Mispronunciations – The student pronounces the word incorrectly. This includes leaving off –s, –ed and –ing endings. –Substitutions – The student replaces the correct word with a different word. –Omissions – The student skips a word. –Reversals – The student reads adjacent words in the wrong order. –Hesitations – The student pauses for longer than 3 seconds or takes longer than 3 seconds to sound out a word. In these cases, provide the word and count it as an error. Items not considered errors: –Insertions – The student adds a whole word that does not appear in the text. –Self-corrections – The student makes an error, but then corrects the error. –Repetitions – The student reads the same word or phrase multiple times. –Loss of place – The student skips a line or loses their place. Redirect the student to the correct place in the story and allow the stopwatch to continue to run. If the student reads the same word incorrectly multiple times throughout a story, count the word as an error each time it is read incorrectly. All words, including names, are scored in the same way.

23 Grade 2 23 Determining Fluency Rates Using the Fluency Equating Tables TPRI now provides tools to help teachers measure and understand fluency scores more effectively. These tools come in the form of Fluency Equating Tables which equate fluency performance on any story with the hardest End- of-Year story (Story 6). For more information or to download the Fluency Equating Table for your grade level, go to:

24 Grade 2 24 Determining Average Fluency Rates Average fluency rates for the two BOY stories (Story 1 & Story 2) can be used for reporting, grouping students and/or for planning instruction. TPRI recommends that average fluency rates be calculated using the equated fluency score for each story the student reads at the instructional or independent level. If the student is able to read both stories at the instructional or independent level, then the average fluency rate is determined using this formula: (Story 1 rate + Story 2 rate) ÷ 2 = Avg. rate

25 Grade 2 25 Determining Average Fluency Rates When Students Reach Frustration If a student scores at the frustrational level on a story, do not calculate a fluency rate for that story. Students who reach frustration on both Story 1 & 2 will not have an average fluency rate. If the student is only able to read one story at instructional or independent level, TPRI recommends that teachers record the equated fluency rate for that one story as the student’s average fluency score.

26 Grade 2 26 BOY – Grade 2 Reading Comprehension Ask the comprehension questions listed on the Student Record Sheet. Score 1 for correct and 0 for incorrect. Do not give ½ points. Sample answers are provided, but rely on your professional judgment in scoring responses as correct or incorrect.

27 Grade 2 27 Scoring Developed (D) for Reading Comprehension Students who listen to a story after reaching frustration cannot score D for Reading Comprehension. On an individual story, students can score D for Reading Comprehension by answering 5-6 questions correctly, but there is not an overall D criteria for Reading Comprehension. To consider students' comprehension scores in relation to each other (when grouping students, for example), there are two common and efficient approaches. –Look at whether students scored D on both stories, 1 story or 0 stories. –Look at the total number of comprehension questions that students answered correctly for both stories.

28 Grade 3 28 Grade 3 BOY Reminders Screening Section The purpose of the Screening Section is to predict for teachers which of their students may need additional or intensive reading instruction in order to meet their grade level goals. At BOY teachers should complete the Screening Section with all students in the class. The Screening Section at BOY includes one task: - SCR-1 Word Reading After the Screening Section, the teacher should administer all tasks on the Inventory Section.

29 Grade 3 29 Grade 3 BOY Reminders Inventory Section The purpose of the Inventory Section is to allow teachers to acquire more data to help match reading instruction with specific student needs. It is not expected that students will be able to complete all of the TPRI tasks successfully at the beginning of the year. All students take the Spelling, Word Reading and the Reading Accuracy, Fluency and Comprehension portions of the Inventory Section.

30 Grade 3 30 Grade 3 BOY Spelling Task The spelling task may be administered to the whole class at once, in small groups or individually. Carefully follow the script in the Teacher’s Guide. Score words as correct (1) or incorrect (0). The Error Analysis Chart helps understand specific spelling confusion and will help to guide instruction.

31 Grade 3 31 Scoring the Word Reading Task Score words as correct (1) or incorrect (0). Follow the Branching Rules if a student scores 0 on Set 1. For instructional planning, record incorrect responses as the student reads each word. –Use phonetic spelling that will allow you to recall the answer the student provided. The Error Analysis Chart helps understand specific word decoding confusion. –Do not complete the Error Analysis Chart while you are with the student. –Complete the Error Analysis Chart for students to whom you will provide targeted GK instruction.

32 Grade 3 32 BOY – Grade 3 Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension The Reading Accuracy, Fluency & Comprehension task at BOY is READ-BOY. This portion is administered to all students. The BOY stories are: –Story 1 – A Bully at School –Story 2 – Getting the Vote All students attempt to read both stories. If the student reaches the frustrational level on a story, then read the story to the student.

33 Grade 3 33 Correct Story Reading Administration & Scoring SAY: I’m going to ask you to read a story. The title of the story is ___________. After you read it, I’ll ask you a few questions. Read the story out loud to me. DO: Place the Story Booklet in front of the student. Start the stopwatch when the student reads the first word of the story. As the student reads, mark errors on the Student Record Sheet. Mark any words not read correctly with a slash ( / ) on the Student Record Sheet. Story reading errors include: –Mispronunciations – The student pronounces the word incorrectly. This includes leaving off –s, –ed and –ing endings. –Substitutions – The student replaces the correct word with a different word. –Omissions – The student skips a word. –Reversals – The student reads adjacent words in the wrong order. –Hesitations – The student pauses for longer than 3 seconds or takes longer than 3 seconds to sound out a word. In these cases, provide the word and count it as an error. Items not considered errors: –Insertions – The student adds a whole word that does not appear in the text. –Self-corrections – The student makes an error, but then corrects the error. –Repetitions – The student reads the same word or phrase multiple times. –Loss of place – The student skips a line or loses their place. Redirect the student to the correct place in the story and allow the stopwatch to continue to run. If the student reads the same word incorrectly multiple times throughout a story, count the word as an error each time it is read incorrectly. All words, including names, are scored in the same way.

34 Grade 3 34 Determining Fluency Rates Using the Fluency Equating Tables TPRI now provides tools to help teachers measure and understand fluency scores more effectively. These tools come in the form of Fluency Equating Tables which equate fluency performance on any story with the hardest End- of-Year story (Story 6). For more information or to download the Fluency Equating Table for your grade level, go to:

35 Grade 3 35 Determining Average Fluency Rates Average fluency rates for the two BOY stories (Story 1 & Story 2) can be used for reporting, grouping students and/or for planning instruction. TPRI recommends that average fluency rates be calculated using the equated fluency score for each story the student reads at the instructional or independent level. If the student is able to read both stories at the instructional or independent level, then the average fluency rate is determined using this formula: (Story 1 rate + Story 2 rate) ÷ 2 = Avg. rate

36 Grade 3 36 Determining Average Fluency Rates When Students Reach Frustration If a student scores at the frustrational level on a story, do not calculate a fluency rate for that story. Students who reach frustration on both Story 1 & 2 will not have an average fluency rate. If the student is only able to read one story at instructional or independent level, TPRI recommends that teachers record the equated fluency rate for that one story as the student’s average fluency score.

37 Grade 3 37 BOY – Grade 3 Reading Comprehension Ask the comprehension questions listed on the Student Record Sheet. Score 1 for correct and 0 for incorrect. Do not give ½ points. Sample answers are provided, but rely on your professional judgment in scoring responses as correct or incorrect.

38 Grade 3 38 Scoring Developed (D) for Reading Comprehension Students who listen to a story after reaching frustration cannot score D for Reading Comprehension. On an individual story, students can score D for Reading Comprehension by answering 5-6 questions correctly, but there is not an overall D criteria for Reading Comprehension. To consider students' comprehension scores in relation to each other (when grouping students, for example), there are two common and efficient approaches. –Look at whether students scored D on both stories, 1 story or 0 stories. –Look at the total number of comprehension questions that students answered correctly for both stories.

39 PMER 39 Using the PMER After BOY Kindergarten and Grade 1 –The PMER is typically used with students who are receiving intervention to facilitate more regular checks of their progress. –Two weeks after the BOY Benchmark Assessment begin with Set 2 and continue every two weeks in sequence. –At MOY reevaluate student progress and determine whether to continue monitoring progress and/or whether Grade 1 students can begin to be assessed with the PMBR.

40 PMBR 40 Using the PMBR after BOY The PMBR is typically used with students who are receiving intervention to facilitate more regular checks of their progress. 2-Week Schedule –Start with Story 1 for the student’s grade level. Move back to Story 1 for the previous grade if the student is frustrated. 6-Week Schedule –Use the timed word list to place the student into a story. –If the student is frustrated, back up to the previous story. –If the student is frustrated on Story 1 for their grade level, use their word list score to place into a story for the previous grade level.

41 41 Questions? If you have any questions, please contact us at: OR Check the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section of the website:


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