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By: Bill McEachen, Associate Engineer Rita Cheng, Assistant Engineer

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1 By: Bill McEachen, Associate Engineer Rita Cheng, Assistant Engineer
Calculus and Careers By: Bill McEachen, Associate Engineer Rita Cheng, Assistant Engineer

2 Overview Benefits of a higher education Advice on life choices
A short tour of the plant including the storage towers of the sample problem *Note: Please turn off cell phones and refrain from using electronics

3 Sample Timeline of Engineer
1984 earn BS, start at $21,500/yr (*) 1991 earn MS, switch careers, begin as a Junior engineer 1996 earn PE for +5% (promoted to Assistant engineer) 2000 reclassified to Associate engineer, lose 5% 2010 earn PE for + 5% 2011 apply for Senior engineer position Tops out at $128K A 2.5% COLA > $3000/yr

4 Training Business side (partial): Customer service Teambuilding
Listening skills Leadership Ethics Supervision (at least 4) Technical writing

5 Training (continued) Technical side (partial): C++ (DVC, 2 courses)
Linux Administration certification (CSU, 3 courses) Wonderware SCADA HMI PLC Modicon Programming PLC Concept Programming HTML, PC repair (DVC), Excel, JavaScript, Perl, netbeans, Pari Server 2003 CLI, Fortran, Assembly, Basic Construction estimating (DVC)

6 General Living Expenses
Housing $3000/mo Utilities $300/mo Food $600/mo Transport 2K 0.25/mi = $500/mo Federal and California taxes are 30%+ Subtotal = $ 66K *Note: This left out clothing, recreation, 401/college funds, etc

7 Approximate Worth of a Professional Engineer (PE)
Presume retire in 2020, live 25 yrs beyond, final salary $150K,pension 2% COLAs I actually did a JavaScript calculator to run my numbers ($118K*1.02^5)*0.05 *10 = $65K + (150K*1.02^10)*0.05*0.60 *20 = $110K It cost me $275 to take the exam and 3 months of study I pay $125 every 2 years to renew the license. Total cost 275+4*125 < $ ROR>18%

8 Example of Public Force
Graphic artist Human resources Inst/Elec tech IT specialist Mechanic/machinist Mechanical engineer Operator Risk management Surveyor Positions at Central Contra Costa Sanitary District (CCCSD): Accountant Admin Chemist Civil engineer Construction inspector Control systems engineer Field worker GIS

9 Examples of Successes at CCCSD
Alan Weer– has risen to Associate Engineer within 5 yrs, to be Plant superintendent (S81). Approximately 30 years old, B.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of Kentucky M.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of California-Berkeley P.E. licensed, Grade V Wastewater Operators License (I am an S79 after 20 yrs)

10 CCCSD Successes (continued)
Dave Clayton: 29 years old, started working two years ago. Attended college classes, and trade school Rose to Shift Supervisor (S76) within 2 years, 6 figure salary, Several inside people with 20+ yrs were passed over Nick Hansen: 26 years old, University of the Pacific graduate (BA in Communications, Minor in Technology) Newer Operator, may well advance to head of Operator training *Note: My sister never earned a degree, she works multiple jobs, and has no retirement coming up on age 50…coincidence?

11 Math in the World Neither Rita nor I are mathematicians but we use many tools based on mathematics (Excel, graphing software, computers, etc) Prime numbers and secure online transactions Financial “Quants” in stock trading (recent “60 Minutes” piece) Space program possible only through math and physics Detection of fraud in financial audits (Benford’s law) Techniques for digital data error checking, transmission, compression Modeling of global weather and nuclear explosions Probability and stats for gambling casinos, lotteries

12 Example at CCCSD Just completed emergency sludge storage facility
If furnace cannot be used, sludge to be trucked away Need to estimate how many trucks to have servicing the hoppers, and what rate they must be circulated

13 Change is Constant When I grew up:
Typewriter, rotary phone, 3-speed bike (with banana seat!), color TV, 2 sizes of floppy disk, slide rule, 3 elemental particles, 9 planets , hard cover books Since: GPS/GIS, smart phones, hybrid and electric vehicles, Google TV, same-sex marriage, no Berlin wall, Many people have multiple electronic devices Social networking, cloud computing, 3D movies, Solved Fermat’s and Poincare’s conjectures, Segway, Manga, 8 planets, many elemental particles Ebook devices,

14 Private or Public? Public Advantages: Job security
(In past 2 years I have seen my sister, brother-in-law, step-daughter and 2 close neighbors laid off, all from private firms) Benefits including full health, pension, no FICA No pressure of shareholders or minimum profit

15 Private or Public? (continued)
Public Disadvantages: No raises No stock options Advancements are more deliberate Far less able to move between positions/jobs Less benefit from additional education (we have 1 PhD)

16 Internships/Co-Ops Do as many as you can, for several reasons:
Helps you decide both what you like & dislike Gain valuable experience & edge over competition Many times networking plays a role in employment (you can’t apply for a job you don’t hear about)

17 Resumes and Cover Letters
Sound confident by using power words i.e. managed, created, streamlined. You’re your best advocate!  Please do not exaggerate your experiences Proofread is essential A cover letter should complement, not duplicate, your resume Provide a personal touch and create good first impression User power words

18 Interviews Dress for success Be punctual, confident, and sincere
Research the company Know your resume Do not talk ever negatively about a past position or manager Have good eye contact and professionalism Ask questions. DO NOT inquire about benefits and salary Obtain contacts and follow-up with Thank You’s Set social networking profiles to private Dress for Success dress for the position that you want and not the job you have purchase a suit for interviews and job fairs Purchase a leather portfolio and bring extra resumes It’s important to make great first impression Research the company Google the company that you’re interviewing for Learn about the company’s mission, products, and future plan Know why you want to work there. That questions always comes up. It’s okay to ask about the culture Set social networking profiles to private If you don’t think that interviewers Google you or look you up on Facebook, I can tell you that you’re crazy. It’s actually really common. A friend of mine actually turned someone down b/c of his facebook profile. Under his hobbies, he listed partying and drinking as hobbies. What do you in your private life is your choice, but please smart about this kind of stuff. Know your resume Ask Questions Keep in mind that interview is a time for you to figure out if the job is a good fit for you. Try to save the questions towards the end if the interview is really structured.

19 Career Fairs Great for networking opportunities
Do homework before the job fair Research companies Cater your resume to the job that you’re applying for Great for networking opportunities Obtain business cards for positions that you’re most interested in Research companies if there’s a job that you’re highly interested in, make sure you research the position and the company. Cater your resume to the job that you’re applying for Who thinks that these job fairs are intimidating? don’t feel intimidated. The more job fairs you attend, the more experienced you’ll be at networking and it’ll get easier over time.

20 What to Expect at Your First Job
Carry yourself with professionalism Technical writing skill Presentation/public speaking skills Pay your dues Take initiatives Continuing education (trainings and classes) Be grateful for what you have

21 Basic Financial Education
Know your FICO score. Don’t get into credit card debt! Save up for your retirement. Maximize your 401k matching Save up for emergency 3-6 months of your income Open a money market account (i.e. ING) or a CD account, both with higher interest rate than regular savings Do fun things! i.e. travel, new hobbies, etc

22 Final Tips Life accelerates There are class strata in the U.S.
(ask your teachers and parents!) There are class strata in the U.S. Higher is better than lower All other things being equal, pick a burgeoning field rather than a dying one (steel mill or high-tech firm? )

23 Contacts Bill McEachen Office # : (925)229-7293
Rita Cheng Office #: (925) (has org charts) (wastewater Operator-in-Training program) (Process and Elec/Inst Tech programs) (925) x3194 Meeting dates: Nov 20 & Dec 2

24 Questions?

25 I think you will have lots of problems on the final.
Math Humor The Golden Rule of Deriving: Never trust any result that was proved after 11 pm For a good prime call, I'll do algebra, I'll do trig, and I'll even do statistics, but graphing is where I draw the line! Alcohol and calculus don't mix. Never drink and derive! A professor's enthusiasm for teaching pre-calculus varies inversely with the likelihood of his having to do it. How many problems will you have on the final? I think you will have lots of problems on the final.

26 Math Humor (continued)
Math: putting the "fun" in "functions" since t=0. Recursion [ri-kur'zhun] n. See recursion. The graduate with a Mathematics degree asks, "Why does it work?" The graduate with a Science degree asks, "How does it work?" The graduate with an Engineering degree asks, "How does one build it?" The graduate with an Accounting degree asks, "How much will it cost?" The graduate with a Liberal Arts degree asks, "Do you want fries with that?"

27 Math Humor (continued)
Two male mathematicians are in a bar. The first one says to the second that the average person knows very little about basic mathematics. The second one disagrees, and claims that most people can cope with a reasonable amount of math.  The first mathematician goes off to the washroom, and in his absence the second calls over the waitress. He tells her that in a few minutes, after his friend has returned, he will call her over and ask her a question. All she has to do is answer one third x cubed.  She repeats "one thir -- dex cue"? He repeats "one third x cubed". Her: `one thir dex cuebd'? Yes, that's right, he says. So she agrees, and goes off mumbling to herself, "one thir dex cuebd...". The first guy returns and the second proposes a bet to prove his point, that most people do know something about basic math. He says he will ask the blonde waitress an integral, and the first laughingly agrees. The second man calls over the waitress and asks "what is the integral of x squared?". The waitress says "one third x cubed" and while walking away, turns back and says over her shoulder "plus a constant!"

28 Necessary Life Equations
TVM - time value of money TVM - time value of money (the power of compounding) G = 0.01*I P Genius is 1% inspiration + 99% perspiration UC(t+1) = NC(t) * 0.90 Used car value is 90% new car after driving 1 day AI = GI * 0.90 Pay yourself 10% off the top IQ(s) >= IQ(y) Make sure your partner is at least as smart as you are

29 Necessary Life Equations (continued)
I(i) >> sum(I(j) ) You are by far your most valuable investment PhD > MS > BS > AA > GED Achieve the highest education level practical, with the best grades possible Pt(n) >= 2*t(n) Perceived time moves faster than real time


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