Presentation on theme: "By: Bill McEachen, Associate Engineer Rita Cheng, Assistant Engineer"— Presentation transcript:
1 By: Bill McEachen, Associate Engineer Rita Cheng, Assistant Engineer Calculus and CareersBy: Bill McEachen, Associate EngineerRita Cheng, Assistant Engineer
2 Overview Benefits of a higher education Advice on life choices A short tour of the plant including the storage towers of the sample problem*Note: Please turn off cell phones and refrain from using electronics
3 Sample Timeline of Engineer 1984 earn BS, start at $21,500/yr (*)1991 earn MS, switch careers, begin as a Junior engineer1996 earn PE for +5% (promoted to Assistant engineer)2000 reclassified to Associate engineer, lose 5%2010 earn PE for + 5%2011 apply for Senior engineer positionTops out at $128KA 2.5% COLA > $3000/yr
4 Training Business side (partial): Customer service Teambuilding Listening skillsLeadershipEthicsSupervision (at least 4)Technical writing
6 General Living Expenses Housing $3000/moUtilities $300/moFood $600/moTransport 2K 0.25/mi = $500/moFederal and California taxes are 30%+Subtotal = $ 66K*Note: This left out clothing, recreation, 401/college funds, etc
8 Example of Public Force Graphic artistHuman resourcesInst/Elec techIT specialistMechanic/machinistMechanical engineerOperatorRisk managementSurveyorPositions at Central Contra Costa Sanitary District (CCCSD):AccountantAdminChemistCivil engineerConstruction inspectorControl systems engineerField workerGIS
9 Examples of Successes at CCCSD Alan Weer– has risen to Associate Engineer within 5 yrs, to be Plant superintendent (S81).Approximately 30 years old, B.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of KentuckyM.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of California-BerkeleyP.E. licensed, Grade V Wastewater Operators License(I am an S79 after 20 yrs)
10 CCCSD Successes (continued) Dave Clayton:29 years old, started working two years ago.Attended college classes, and trade schoolRose to Shift Supervisor (S76) within 2 years, 6 figure salary,Several inside people with 20+ yrs were passed overNick Hansen:26 years old, University of the Pacific graduate (BA in Communications, Minor in Technology)Newer Operator, may well advance to head of Operator training*Note: My sister never earned a degree, she works multiple jobs, and has no retirement coming up on age 50…coincidence?
11 Math in the WorldNeither Rita nor I are mathematicians but we use many tools based on mathematics (Excel, graphing software, computers, etc)Prime numbers and secure online transactionsFinancial “Quants” in stock trading (recent “60 Minutes” piece)Space program possible only through math and physicsDetection of fraud in financial audits (Benford’s law)Techniques for digital data error checking, transmission, compressionModeling of global weather and nuclear explosionsProbability and stats for gambling casinos, lotteries
12 Example at CCCSD Just completed emergency sludge storage facility If furnace cannot be used, sludge to be trucked awayNeed to estimate how many trucks to have servicing the hoppers, and what rate they must be circulated
13 Change is Constant When I grew up: Typewriter, rotary phone, 3-speed bike (with banana seat!),color TV, 2 sizes of floppy disk, slide rule, 3 elemental particles,9 planets , hard cover booksSince:GPS/GIS, smart phones, hybrid and electric vehicles,Google TV, same-sex marriage, no Berlin wall,Many people have multiple electronic devicesSocial networking, cloud computing, 3D movies,Solved Fermat’s and Poincare’s conjectures,Segway, Manga, 8 planets, many elemental particlesEbook devices,
14 Private or Public? Public Advantages: Job security (In past 2 years I have seen my sister, brother-in-law, step-daughter and 2 close neighbors laid off, all from private firms)Benefits including full health, pension, no FICANo pressure of shareholders or minimum profit
15 Private or Public? (continued) Public Disadvantages:No raisesNo stock optionsAdvancements are more deliberateFar less able to move between positions/jobsLess benefit from additional education (we have 1 PhD)
16 Internships/Co-Ops Do as many as you can, for several reasons: Helps you decide both what you like & dislikeGain valuable experience & edge over competitionMany times networking plays a role in employment (you can’t apply for a job you don’t hear about)
17 Resumes and Cover Letters Sound confident by using power wordsi.e. managed, created, streamlined.You’re your best advocate! Please do not exaggerate your experiencesProofread is essentialA cover letter should complement, not duplicate, your resumeProvide a personal touch and create good first impressionUser power words
18 Interviews Dress for success Be punctual, confident, and sincere Research the companyKnow your resumeDo not talk ever negatively about a past position or managerHave good eye contact and professionalismAsk questions. DO NOT inquire about benefits and salaryObtain contacts and follow-up with Thank You’sSet social networking profiles to privateDress for Successdress for the position that you want and not the job you havepurchase a suit for interviews and job fairsPurchase a leather portfolio and bring extra resumesIt’s important to make great first impressionResearch the companyGoogle the company that you’re interviewing forLearn about the company’s mission, products, and future planKnow why you want to work there. That questions always comes up.It’s okay to ask about the cultureSet social networking profiles to privateIf you don’t think that interviewers Google you or look you up on Facebook, I can tell you that you’re crazy.It’s actually really common. A friend of mine actually turned someone down b/c of his facebook profile. Under his hobbies, he listed partying and drinking as hobbies.What do you in your private life is your choice, but please smart about this kind of stuff.Know your resumeAsk QuestionsKeep in mind that interview is a time for you to figure out if the job is a good fit for you. Try to save the questions towards the end if the interview is really structured.
19 Career Fairs Great for networking opportunities Do homework before the job fairResearch companiesCater your resume to the job that you’re applying forGreat for networking opportunitiesObtain business cards for positions that you’re most interested inResearch companiesif there’s a job that you’re highly interested in, make sure you research the position and the company.Cater your resume to the job that you’re applying forWho thinks that these job fairs are intimidating?don’t feel intimidated. The more job fairs you attend, the more experienced you’ll be at networking and it’ll get easier over time.
20 What to Expect at Your First Job Carry yourself with professionalismTechnical writing skillPresentation/public speaking skillsPay your duesTake initiativesContinuing education (trainings and classes)Be grateful for what you have
21 Basic Financial Education Know your FICO score. Don’t get into credit card debt!Save up for your retirement. Maximize your 401k matchingSave up for emergency3-6 months of your incomeOpen a money market account (i.e. ING) or a CD account, both with higher interest rate than regular savingsDo fun things! i.e. travel, new hobbies, etc
22 Final Tips Life accelerates There are class strata in the U.S. (ask your teachers and parents!)There are class strata in the U.S.Higher is better than lowerAll other things being equal, pick a burgeoning field rather than a dying one(steel mill or high-tech firm? )
23 Contacts Bill McEachen Office # : (925)229-7293 Rita ChengOffice #: (925)(has org charts)(wastewater Operator-in-Training program)(Process and Elec/Inst Tech programs)(925) x3194Meeting dates: Nov 20 & Dec 2
25 I think you will have lots of problems on the final. Math HumorThe Golden Rule of Deriving: Never trust any result that was proved after 11 pmFor a good prime call,I'll do algebra, I'll do trig, and I'll even do statistics, but graphing is where I draw the line!Alcohol and calculus don't mix. Never drink and derive!A professor's enthusiasm for teaching pre-calculus varies inversely with the likelihood of his having to do it.How many problems will you have on the final?I think you will have lots of problems on the final.
26 Math Humor (continued) Math: putting the "fun" in "functions" since t=0.Recursion [ri-kur'zhun] n. See recursion.The graduate with a Mathematics degree asks, "Why does it work?" The graduate with a Science degree asks, "How does it work?" The graduate with an Engineering degree asks, "How does one build it?" The graduate with an Accounting degree asks, "How much will it cost?" The graduate with a Liberal Arts degree asks, "Do you want fries with that?"
27 Math Humor (continued) Two male mathematicians are in a bar. The first one says to the second that theaverage person knows very little about basic mathematics.The second one disagrees, and claims that most people can cope with a reasonable amount of math. The first mathematician goes off to the washroom, and in his absence the second calls over the waitress. He tells her that in a few minutes, after his friend has returned, he will call her over and ask her a question.All she has to do is answer one third x cubed. She repeats "one thir -- dex cue"? He repeats "one third x cubed". Her: `one thir dex cuebd'? Yes, that's right, he says.So she agrees, and goes off mumbling to herself, "one thir dex cuebd...". The first guy returns and the second proposes a bet to prove his point, that most people doknow something about basic math. He says he will ask the blonde waitress an integral,and the first laughingly agrees.The second man calls over the waitress and asks "what is the integral of x squared?". The waitress says "one third x cubed" and while walking away, turns back and says over her shoulder "plus a constant!"
28 Necessary Life Equations TVM - time value of moneyTVM - time value of money (the power of compounding)G = 0.01*I PGenius is 1% inspiration + 99% perspirationUC(t+1) = NC(t) * 0.90Used car value is 90% new car after driving 1 dayAI = GI * 0.90Pay yourself 10% off the topIQ(s) >= IQ(y)Make sure your partner is at least as smart as you are
29 Necessary Life Equations (continued) I(i) >> sum(I(j) )You are by far your most valuable investmentPhD > MS > BS > AA > GEDAchieve the highest education level practical, with the best grades possiblePt(n) >= 2*t(n)Perceived time moves faster than real time