Presentation on theme: "Present simple and continuous Present simple Form: He/she/it works. I work. They work He doesn’t work. They don’t work. Does he work? Do they work? Use:"— Presentation transcript:
Present simple and continuous
Present simple Form: He/she/it works. I work. They work He doesn’t work. They don’t work. Does he work? Do they work? Use: we use the present simple tense to: -give information about permanent activities (Valentino makes luxury chocolates.)
describe a state that doesn’t change: (He looks like his father.) -talk about routine activities, repeated actions or habits: (I often travel abroad on business.) -some verbs are always used in the present simple (not with –ing): What do you mean? I remember her name.
Present continuous Form: I am going. He/she/it is going. They are going. I am not going. Am I going? Use: We use the present continuous to: -describe activities in progress at the moment of speaking (She is talking to him on the phone right now.)
-describe temporary situations: (The delegation is staying at the Hilton until Friday.) - refer to future arrangements: (He is starting a new job next week.) - describe changing situation: (We are developing a new marketing strategy.)
Complete these sentences with either the present simple or the present continuous We normally _______ (hold) ous sales conference in Spain, but this year we _______ (hold) it in Poland. Although we ________ (use) our own sales representative at the moment, we generally _________ (use) agents in Japan. It normally _______ (take) us two years to develop a new product.
We don’t often ______ (raise) our prices more than 5%, but this time we __________ (raise) them 10%. Usually our Sales Director _________ (deal) with important customers. We usually ________ (recruit) from within the company, but this time we _________ (advertise) externally.
We _______ (rent) offices until our new headquarters are ready. The company ________ (want) to achieve record sales this year.
Present perfect simple or continuous? The simple expresses a complited action ( I’ve painted the kitchen, and now I’m doing the bathroom.) The continuous expresses an activity over a period of time ( I’ve got paint in my hair because I’ve been decorating)
Some verbs have the idea of a long time, for example, wait, work, play, try, learn, rain. These verbs are often found in the continuous. –I’ve cut my finger.(one short action) –I’ve been cutting firewood.(perhaps over several hours)
Some verbs don’t have the idea of a long time, for example, find, start, buy, die, lose, break, stop. Those verbs are more usually found in the simple. –I’ve got lost my passport.
Use your idea. Adapt it for a special purpose. Maybe some new ideas will occur to you
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! drove Was driving Yesterday at 7 o´clock I____? ____ to work. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! Was starting started When the fire ___?____ I was watching TV. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! had Was having I _?__ a beautiful dream when the telephone rang. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! Was seeing saw I ____ Sarah yesterday in town. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! slept Were sleeping While we _______ last night my parents were reading. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! Was seeing saw I ____ that film last year. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! played Was playing She _____ at 9 o´clock. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! rained Was raining Yesterday evening it _____ heavily when I got back home.. NEXT
15 Seconds Start Timer 15 0 Try Again Great Job! washed Was washing The postman arrived when I ______ my car. NEXT
SIMPLE FUTURE Will + V1 Function Example 1. To express a decision made at the moment of speaking. A: what would you like to have?B: I’ll have an orange juice. 2. To announce a planned future event (i.e. On the news- in a newspaper) The President will open the new hospital next Friday. 3. To express a willingness or unwillingness to carry out a future action a) To make a promise b) To make an offer A: the phone is ringing.B: I’ll get ita)- Don’t worry we will find the right job for you.b)-I’ll take you to airport. 4. To make a prediction a) To express a certainty or uncertainty (with maybe, perhaps, I’m sure, I’m not sure, etc) b) To express thoughts, hopes, beliefs, and expectations about the future Fortuneteller: you will marry with a millionaire. a)-According to weather forecast, it will not snow tomorrow. (But weather forecast isn’t always right.)b)--If he changes his mind, he’ll let us know.b)-I hope, things will improve soon 5. To talk about an event which is certain to happen I’ll be 22on Monday.HINT: this is not a planned action or event.
Be going to +V1 Function Example 1. To talk about what we’ve already decided to do or planned; it expresses the intention of the subj. a) To talk about intentions - I’m going to see my dentist tomorrow. -Luniz says he’s going to be a doctor. a)-I’m going to spend the weekend with my friend. 2. When there is something in the present situation that shows what will happen in the near future. In this case the speaker is sure about what will happen. -The wind has changed and the clouds are black. I think it is going to rain. - Watch out! That parcel is going to fall.
The future progressive/continuous (will be+ Ving) Function Example 1. For an action, which will be in progress at a time in the future. This time tomorrow I’ll be flying to Istanbul. Next year we’ll be living in Antalya. 2. For an action that’s part of a plan or arrangement. She will be leaving school in July. 3. As a polite way of asking about someone’s plan. Will you be watching Sunday’s film this noon?