8ToneThe attitude a writer takes toward the audience, subject, or a character
9Tone I see trees of green, red roses too I see them bloom for me and youAnd I think to myself what a wonderful world.I see skies of blue and clouds of whiteThe bright blessed day, the dark sacred night- Louis Armstrong, “Wonderful World”Louis Armstrong has a positive tone in this song, he’s optimistic about the world we live in!
10MoodThe atmosphere or “feeling” that the literary work creates.
11MoodEdgar Allen Poe’s “The Raven” ( one of the most famous poets and poems of all time ) has a chilling and creepy mood to it.Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door-Only this, and nothing more."
13ImageryWords and phrases that appeal to the readers five senses. Imagery helps readers imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound and taste.
14Imagery - The Beatles’ “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds” Picture yourself in a boat on a riverWith tangerine trees and marmalade skiesSomebody calls you, you answer quite slowlyA girl with kaleidoscope eyesCellophane flowers of yellow and greenTowering over your headLook for the girl with the sun in her eyesAnd she's gone
15Figurative LanguageLanguage not intended to be understood in a strict literal sense. A “Figure of Speech” is a specific type of figurative language. Some examples of some Figurative Language are…
16SimileA comparison between two unlike objects using the word “like” or “as”That kid was as fast as lightning!“Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get”
17MetaphorA comparison between two unlike objects in which one thing is said to be another.Cause I’m T.N.T,I'm Dynamite,T.N.T.,And I'll win the fight,I'm a power-load,Watch me Explode- AC/DC “TNT”
18PersonificationThe giving of human qualities to an animal, object, or idea.Dinnertime ChorusThe teapot sang as the water boiled,The ice cubes cackled in their glass,the teacups chattered to one another,While the chairs were passing gas,The gravy gurgled merrilyAs the oil danced in a pan.Oh my dinnertime chorusWhat a lovely, lovely clan!
19Hyperbole The use of EXTREME exaggeration I’ve told you a million times NOT to do that!If I can’t hang out with my friends today I’m gonna die…That place is a million miles away!I’m so hungry I could eat a horse..
20Sounds DevicesThe words a poet chooses to create the desired effect in a poemSome examples are…
21Rhyme A likeness of sound at the ends of words. - Jack Jonson, “Sitting, waiting, wishing”“I sing ya songs, I dance a danceI gave ya friends, all a chancePutting up with them wasn't worth never having youAnd maybe you been through this beforeBut it's my first timeSo please ignoreThe next few lines cause they're directed at you”
22RepetitionThe use of sounds, words, phrases, or whole lines more than once.Jackon 5,”Rockin Robin”He rocks in the tree tops all day longHoppin' and a-boppin' and singing his songAll the little birdies on Jaybird StreetLove to hear the robin go tweet tweet tweetRockin' robin, tweet tweet tweetRockin' robin' tweet tweetly-tweetBlow rockin' robin'Cause we're really gonna rock tonight
23RhythmThe pattern of sounds created by the arrangement of stressed or unstressed syllables. 1, 2, buckle-your-shoe 3,4 close-the-door 5,6 pick-up-sticks 7,8 lay-them-straight 9,10 Start again!
24AlliterationThe repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words.Allie almost accidentally ate her aunts apple.Carries cat claws her couch, causing constant chaos.
25Onomatopoeia The use of words whose sounds suggest the meaning. Buzz ChirpClap
26Rhyme Rhyme Scheme- The pattern of rhymes in a poem. The “poem” below would have a rhyme scheme of ABABThere once was a big brown cat aThat liked to eat a lot of mice bHe got all round and fat aBecause they tasted so nice B
27Exact Rhyme Words with sounds that are the same I went to the house, I got my blouse,I went back to the car,And took a drive somewhere far.
28Slant RhymeWords with sounds that are similar but not exactly the same“I want to turn the whole thing upside down I'll find the things they say just can't be found I'll share this love I find with everyone We'll sing and dance to Mother Nature's songs I don't want this feeling to go away”- Jack Johnson, “Upside Down”
29Free Verse Poetry without regular patterns of rhyme and rhythm When I heard the learn'd astronomer, When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room,How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wander'd off by myself, In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time, Look'd up in perfect silence at the stars.When I Heard The Learn'd Astronomer - Walt Whitman
30Types of PoetryNarrative Poetry- Poetry that tells a story
31“ A Boy Named Sue “Song was written by Shell Silverstein, and it was recorded by Johnny Cash.Tells a story about a boy who grew up with the name Sue. The boy grows up to be a troublesome kid, always getting in fights because other people would make fun of him for his name.Eventually he grows up and decides he’s going to go find the man that named him Sue, which is his father.Sue finds his father in a dirty, run-down bar (he knows it’s him because of a picture he has of his dad from when he was first born).He confronts his father for naming him Sue, telling him that he hated his father for naming him that.They get in a brawl in the middle of the bar, with Sue eventually winning.The father then tells his son that the only reason he named his son Sue was so the son would grow up tough, and be able to defend himself.They make up and say they love each other, but before the song ends Cash sings “ and If I ever have a son, I think I’ll name him….. Bill or George, ANYTHING but Sue!”
32Lyric PoetryThe form of poetry used for the expression of personal thoughts or feelings.Basically ANY song
33Ticket out the door Time to make a flip book! Get a sheet of paper from the front of the class roomFold to make six squares (we’ll use front and back)Write the poetry term at the top of the square, then write your own example under that, then draw an example of the termIf it’s difficult to draw an example then draw something that makes your mind click and will help you remember what that term means.
34Homework Due Friday, April 13th - Write a short song or poem - Write a short song or poem- The song or poem must be AT LEAST 3 stanzas ( 4 lines per stanza)- Must have a rhyme scheme (ABABA, AABBAA, are some examples)- Must include a simile and a metaphor, and choose 2 sound devices ( alliteration, onomatopoeia, ect )