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Semantics: Special Topics. n Mood: Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Not the same as grammatical mood (indicative, passive, subjunctive)

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Presentation on theme: "Semantics: Special Topics. n Mood: Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Not the same as grammatical mood (indicative, passive, subjunctive)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Semantics: Special Topics

2 n Mood:

3 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Not the same as grammatical mood (indicative, passive, subjunctive)

4 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Not the same as grammatical mood (indicative, passive, subjunctive) –Semantic mood has major and minor components.

5 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods:

6 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative

7 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car

8 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative

9 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative –Buy Bill’s red car before he sells it to Sally.

10 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative –Buy Bill’s red car before he sells it to Sally. n Yes/No interrogatives

11 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative –Buy Bill’s red car before he sells it to Sally. n Yes/No interrogatives –Is this Bill’s red car?

12 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative –Buy Bill’s red car before he sells it to Sally. n Yes/No interrogatives –Is this Bill’s red car? n Wh-interrogatives

13 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Major moods: n Declarative –Bill has a red car n Imperative –Buy Bill’s red car before he sells it to Sally. n Yes/No interrogatives –Is this Bill’s red car? n Wh-interrogatives –Who is buying Bill’s red car?

14 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods

15 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative

16 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you?

17 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative

18 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you!

19 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you! n Pseudo-imperative

20 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you! n Pseudo-imperative –Move and I’ll shoot! Move, or I’ll shoot!!

21 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you! n Pseudo-imperative –Move and I’ll shoot! Move, or I’ll shoot!! n Alternative question

22 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you! n Pseudo-imperative –Move and I’ll shoot! Move, or I’ll shoot!! n Alternative question –Does John resemble his father or his mother?

23 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods n Tag declarative –You’ve been biting your nails again, haven’t you? n Tag imperative –Leave the room, will you! n Pseudo-imperative –Move and I’ll shoot! Move, or I’ll shoot!! n Alternative question –Does John resemble his father or his mother?

24 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative

25 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace.

26 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence

27 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence –One more beer and I’ll leave

28 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence –One more beer and I’ll leave n Curse

29 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence –One more beer and I’ll leave n Curse –You pig, bag of wind,...

30 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence –One more beer and I’ll leave n Curse –You pig, bag of wind, … n Exclamative

31 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Minor moods con’t n Optative –May he rest in peace. n “One more” sentence –One more beer and I’ll leave n Curse –You pig, bag of wind, … n Exclamative –What a nice day!

32 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Mood can be further explained or combined. Examples from the interrogative moods:

33 Semantics: Special Topics n Mood: –Mood can be further explained or combined. Examples from the interrogative moods: n When was the battle of Waterloo? (exam question) n Is the Pope Catholic? (rhetorical) n What should I do now? (request for advice) n Why don’t you go to blazes? (curse) n O Death, where is thy sting (poetic)

34 Semantics: Special Topics n Singular and General quality of words and phrases

35 Semantics: Special Topics n Singular and General quality of words and phrases –General: terms of general use - n red denotes red: a red car, a red letter day, a red faced swain.

36 Semantics: Special Topics n Singular and General quality of words and phrases –General: terms of general use - n red denotes red: a red car, a red letter day, a red faced swain. – Singular n Deictics (now, here, yesterday) n Proper names (Paris, Édith Piaf, Cesaria Evora, Center for Disease Control) n Definite Descriptions (the book on the table, the woman in the red dress)

37 Semantics


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