Presentation on theme: "Enhance concentration"— Presentation transcript:
1Enhance concentration Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D.National Taiwan Normal University
2What is concentration Focusing on relevant environmental cues Maintaining attentional focusMaintaining situational awarenessShifting attentional focus
3Types of attentional focus A broad focus: perceive several occurrences simultaneously (e.g., basketball point guard).A narrow focus: respond to only one /two cues (e.g., baseball batter)An external focus: direct attention outward.An internal focus: direct inward to thoughts or feelings.
4Attentional problems 1 Internal distracters: 1.Attending to past events2.Attending to future events3.Choking under pressure4.Overanalyzing body mechanics5.Fatigue6.Inadequate motivation
6Self-talk process 1 Missing an important shot in tennis Negative: What an idiot I am-I’llnever win now.(Anger,hopelessness, increased muscletension)Positive: Keep your eyes on theball-this match isn’t over. (Betterconcentration, optimism, calmness)
7Self-talk process 2 Setback in rehabilitating a knee injury Negative: I’ll never get back in thestarting lineup.(hopelessness,anger, frustration)Positive: This type of injury justtakes time to heal, so I need tocontinue to work hard. (optimism,motivation, increased effort)
8Using self-talk to enhance concentration NegativePositiveYou idiot-how could you miss such an easy shotEveryone makes mistakes-just concentrate on the next pointI’ll never recover from this injuryHealing takes time. I just continue to exercise every dayHe robbed me on the line call-that ball was definitely inThere’s nothing I can do about it. If I play well, I’ll win anywayI’ll take it easy today and work out hard tomorrowIf I work hard today, and the next work out will be easier tomorrow.That was a terrible serveJust slow down and keep your rhythm and timingI’ll never stay with this exercise programJust take one day at a time and make exercise funI never play well in the windIt’s windy on both side of the courts. This requires extra concentration.
9Parking thoughtsThis exercise is effective in eliminating negative, intruding thoughts.Use visualization to identify unwanted thoughts, write it down on paper, and place this paper in some other place(parking).Upon completion of the performance, the athlete can go back and deal with the issue by “unparking” it.
11Tips for improving concentration on site Use simulations in practiceUse cue wordsUse nonjudgemental thinkingEstablish routineDevelop competition plansPractice eye controlStay focus in the presentOverlearn skills
12Thanks for your attention Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D.Tel: