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Enhance concentration Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D. National Taiwan Normal University.

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Presentation on theme: "Enhance concentration Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D. National Taiwan Normal University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhance concentration Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D. National Taiwan Normal University

2 What is concentration  Focusing on relevant environmental cues  Maintaining attentional focus  Maintaining situational awareness  Shifting attentional focus

3 Types of attentional focus  A broad focus: perceive several occurrences simultaneously (e.g., basketball point guard).  A narrow focus: respond to only one /two cues (e.g., baseball batter)  An external focus: direct attention outward.  An internal focus: direct inward to thoughts or feelings.

4 Attentional problems 1  Internal distracters: 1.Attending to past events 2.Attending to future events 3.Choking under pressure 4.Overanalyzing body mechanics 5.Fatigue 6.Inadequate motivation

5 Attentional problems 2  External distracters: 1.Visual distracters 2.Auditory distracters

6 Self-talk process 1  Missing an important shot in tennis Negative: What an idiot I am-I’ll never win now.(Anger, hopelessness, increased muscle tension) Positive: Keep your eyes on the ball-this match isn’t over. (Better concentration, optimism, calmness)

7 Self-talk process 2  Setback in rehabilitating a knee injury Negative: I’ll never get back in the starting lineup.(hopelessness, anger, frustration) Positive: This type of injury just takes time to heal, so I need to continue to work hard. (optimism, motivation, increased effort)

8 Using self-talk to enhance concentration NegativePositive You idiot-how could you miss such an easy shot Everyone makes mistakes-just concentrate on the next point I’ll never recover from this injury Healing takes time. I just continue to exercise every day He robbed me on the line call- that ball was definitely in There’s nothing I can do about it. If I play well, I’ll win anyway I’ll take it easy today and work out hard tomorrow If I work hard today, and the next work out will be easier tomorrow. That was a terrible serveJust slow down and keep your rhythm and timing I’ll never stay with this exercise program Just take one day at a time and make exercise fun I never play well in the windIt’s windy on both side of the courts. This requires extra concentration.

9 Parking thoughts  This exercise is effective in eliminating negative, intruding thoughts.  Use visualization to identify unwanted thoughts, write it down on paper, and place this paper in some other place(parking).  Upon completion of the performance, the athlete can go back and deal with the issue by “ unparking ” it.

10 HR biofeedback training

11 Tips for improving concentration on site  Use simulations in practice  Use cue words  Use nonjudgemental thinking  Establish routine  Develop competition plans  Practice eye control  Stay focus in the present  Overlearn skills

12  Tsung-Min Hung, Ph.D.  tw  Tel:


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