Including the repetiton of Unreal conditional Repetiton
I. Unreal Conditional: When the condition is opposite to reality When the condition is opposite to reality A opposite to present reality present B opposite to past reality B opposite to past reality C opposite the future reality C opposite the future reality D complicated form D complicated form
Opposite to the present reality Main clause Would / should / could /might + to do Conditional clause did diddid were were
He would/ could/ might visit us if he were/was in town. He would/could make good grades if he didn’t get nervous.
Opposite to past reality Main clause Would / should / Could/ might + to have done Conditional clause Had +done
We would/could/might have called you if we had known your telephone number. A: Why didn’t you pay Tom? B: You didn’t tell me to. If you’d told me to, I’d have paid him of course.
The mixing of A and B if writing had never been invented, we would have had no books. If writing had never been invented, we would have no books. If we were on holiday now, we’d be having a wonderful time.
Exercise 1. I never _____ (get) here in time if you hadn’t given me a lift in your car. 2. If he’d taken his doctor’s advise he still ___ be alive. 3 If I ____ (have) a car, I’d have lent it to her yesterday.
2 Real Condition Speakers take the condition as reality, or just put forth condition and do not give any subject supposition.
Typical form of the real conditional Main clause Will/ shall+ do Conditional clause Do/does
If it’s ready he’ll bring it tomorrow. What are you going to do if it rains? If I see her If I can find her If I must I’ll give her your message. If you want me to
Some differences in use 1) (a) if it rains, I’ll go by car. (b) If it rains, I go by car. 2) (a) If you take a seat, you won’t become tired. (b) If you will take a seat, he’ll see you in a minute. (c) If you would kindly wait a moment, I’ll see what I can do.
2) (a) If you take a seat, you won’t become tired. (b) If you will take a seat, he’ll see you in a minute. (c) If you would kindly wait a moment, I’ll see what I can do.
3) (a) If you would try Italian food, you would like it. (b) If Beth should learn to type well, her parents would buy her a typewriter.
Excercise Put the verbs in brackets inot a correct form to make a real conditional. 1 if you add six and three, you ____ (get) nine. 2 She’ll lose weight if she ____ (go) on a diet. 3 If he’s poor, at least he ____ (be) honest.
Some additional points 1) Some words that can replace if: Unless, provided (that); providing (that); as long as; on (the) condition that; for fear (that)/lest; in case. I’ll lend you the money on condition that you return it within six months.
2) Some structure that can replace the conditional clause Take these pills, in case you feel ill on the boat. Take these pills in case of feeling ill on the boat.
Suppose that you wanted to learn to make furniture. What would you do first? What if you’re late? Where shall I wait for you? 3) Independent form and omited form
4 The inverted form of the conditional clause If John were here now, he would explain the whole matter. Were John here now, he would explain the whold matter. Were John here now, he would explain the whold matter. If you had asked me, I would have told you the answer. Had you asked me, I would have told you the answer.
Exercise Rephrase the following sentences, using the suggested alternative expression in brackets. You can’t live without food. (unless) What if it rained? (suppose)