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PERSONALITY DISORDER Maria Dorvil Rosa Cruz Julia Bello Andrea Herrera Patricia Olivia Tomasina Sosa.

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Presentation on theme: "PERSONALITY DISORDER Maria Dorvil Rosa Cruz Julia Bello Andrea Herrera Patricia Olivia Tomasina Sosa."— Presentation transcript:

1 PERSONALITY DISORDER Maria Dorvil Rosa Cruz Julia Bello Andrea Herrera Patricia Olivia Tomasina Sosa

2 Clasificatión of personality disorder subtype Classification Group A: Strange / Eccentric Group B: Dramatica / Erratica Group C: Anxious / Inhibit Antisocial personality disorder Personality Disorder Avoidant Borderline Personality Disorder Dependent personality disorder Histrionic personality disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder Personality disorder obsessive-compulsive Paranoid personality disorder Schizoid Personality Disorder Schizotypal personality disorder

3 The specific treatment to each personality disorder will be determined by your physician based on the follows: Your age, overall health, and medical history. The type and severity of symptoms. How is the disease progressing. Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies. Expectations for the course of the disease. Your opinion or preference.

4 Causes Personality disorders are often difficult to treat and puden require long-term care to change patterns of behavior and thought inadequate. Treatment may include the following: Medication (although you can abuse them and their effectiveness is limited). Psychological treatment (which includes the participation of the family). Causes: Within related causes personality disorders found a series of biological, psychological and social, since it is evident that there is a single source for the origin of a particular disorder, and, as in healthy personality this is the sum of multiple variables.

5 Biological Factors Biological Factors: Perhaps this is the section that is being investigated more in today ity, although there are no definite conclusions yet. Regarding genetics, studies in twins or adopted children demonstrate an increased chance of having a personality disorder if parents have suffered.

6 Psychological Factors: From the various psychological models study the relationship of personality disorders with the earliest significant experiences with our schemes and values, etc.., No doubt, these factors play a significant in the development of our personalities.

7 Environmental and social factors: Many studies that talk about the important of the environment, since factors such as education, paréntals models, family environment, cultural environment etc.. They influence how we understand the world and relate to the environment. Personality disorders affect 48.5% of young women with anorexia or bulimia

8 PERSONALITY DISORDER A diverse range of psychological problems are the cause of what is known as Disorders of personality behaviors without being a Mental pathology, greatly limit the emotional balances of sufferers. Are developmental disorders in childhood appearance or persist in adulthood. The personality disorders are characterized by patterns of perception, reaction and relationship that are relatively fixed, inflexible and socially maladjusted, including a variety

9 Many lowers the problems, others exaggerate Each has characteristic patterns of perception and relationship with other people and situations personal traits. In other words, all people tend to deal with stressful situations on an individual basis but repetitive. For example some people tend to respond problem situation and always seeking the help of others, also other people assume they can handle problems by themselves. Some people lowers the problems, others exaggerate.

10 maladaptive patterns of thought Although people not always respond the same way to a difficult situation, it is most likely to try another way if the first response is ineffective. In contrast, persons with personality disorder are so rigid that they can not adapt to reality, which weakens its operational capacity. Their patterns of thought and misbehavier misfits are evident at the beginning of adulthood, often before, and tend to last a lifetime. Are people likely to have problems in their social and interpersonal relationships and at work.

11 FOUNDATION The disturbances or disorders are a product of different biological or environmental causes, and although it has to be done according to certain categories classifications commonly accepted diagnosis. must be done individually. Keep in mind that the same cause may have different syndromes and specific syndrome may be the manifestation of diverse causes, conditioned by the biological constitution and the family environment, school and society in which the individual is.

12 Treatment psychotherapy Individual therapy, group, and family forms the mainstay of treatment for BPD. Individual psychotherapy usually consists of 2-3 sessions a week over a period of years. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy that has shown particular success with individuals with BPD. It can be applied as group therapy. The goal of therapy is to help the person with BPD: Understand your behavior Improve your ability to tolerate frustration, anxiety, loneliness, and anger Control impulsive behavior improve social skills

13 AS AFFECTING THE PERSONALITY DISORDERS AS AFFECTING THE PERSONALITY DISORDERS CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT OF SYNDROMES (anxiety, depression, eating disorders, etc..? This model includes the need to group the different symptoms and personality characteristics of an individual patient in order to define a table showing the full pattern of functioning of that person.

14 Trastorno de la personality disorder jb Axis I clinical syndrome Anxiety: Obsessions, phobias, affective disorders, Depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance abuse, feeding disorder, Sexual disorders axis II Personality disorder Avoidance Schizoids dependency, histrionics, narcissistic, antisocial, Sadist, compulsive, oppositional, Masochist, Limit Esesquizotopico, paranoid Axis III General Medical diseases Any medical condition that is relevant to the compression of disorders of Axis I or Axis II Axis IV Psychological Problems, Social and environmental Family, Education, Issues: Labor, Domestic, Economics, social, legal Axis V Scale Evaluation of Activity Overall level of activity Psychological, social and employment. Evaluation of the severity

15 CNS: brain It is believed that personality disorder develops from a combination of chemical imbalances in the brain and traumatic life experiences Risk Factors The following factors increase your chances of TP Gender: female A history of abuse, neglect, or abandonment in childhood, a history of sexual abuse or violence, Inborn sensitivity to stress, Poor self-image, not having a clear sense of who you are. Mother, father, or sibling with a history of disorders in the past

16 Strange Personality Disorder / eccentric (GROUP A) Paranoid It is a psychiatric condition in which a person has distrust and suspicion of others in prolonged, without justification, often cold, distant, and unable to close, interpersonal relationships. They can not see their role in conflict situations and often project their feelings of paranoia as anger onto others, but do not have a complete psychotic disorder such as schizophrenia. Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The causes of paranoid personality disorder are unknown. The disorder appears to be more common in families with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and delusional disorder, which suggests that genes may be involved. However, environmental factors may also play a role. The condition appears to be more common in men

17 Schizotypal personality disorder It is a mental health condition in which a person has difficulty with relationships and disturbances in thought patterns, appearance and behavior. The exact cause is unknown. It is believed that genes are involved, because this condition is more common in relatives of schizophrenics. The schizotypal personality disorder should not be confused with schizophrenia. People with this personality disorder can have odd beliefs and behaviors, but they are disconnected from reality and usually do not hallucinate. Hallucinations, delusions (fixed, false beliefs) and loss of contact with reality are hallmarks of psychosis. People with schizotypal personality disorder usually have no psychotic symptoms. Between 30 and 50% of people with schizotypal

18 Schizoid Personality Disorder Definition: It is a psychiatric condition in which a person has a lifelong pattern of indifference to others and social isolation. Are often cold, distant, introverted, with fear of intimacy so that self-excluded from the links with reality and others Causes, incidence, and risk factors: The cause of schizoid personality disorder is unknown. This disorder may be associated with schizophrenia and shares many of the same risk factors. However, this disorder is not as incapacitate as schizophrenia, and that does not cause hallucinations, delusions, or complete disconnection from reality that occurs in untreated cases of schizophrenia (or refractory).

19 General diagnostic criteria for personality disorders, according to DSM-IV In the DSM-IV differ as personality disorders or behavioral traits that are frills of recent and long-term operation of the person. Character traits can cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or affliction subjective. Globally are dysfunctional because they disturb in all areas. Stable over time, consolidated at the end of adolescence. Difficulty recognizing their own problem (little in-sight). They egosyntonic (feel good as they are). They are not psychotic (may have mild episodes).


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