Presentation on theme: "Team Workings. Considerations What tasks will it carry out Why this can not be done by an individual How many people will the team require What skills."— Presentation transcript:
Considerations What tasks will it carry out Why this can not be done by an individual How many people will the team require What skills will be required
Consider how to: Get the right people in the team Get them to work together Raise their standard of performance
Teams need to be able to: Co-operate Co-ordinate Communicate
Team Members Abilities: Technical or professional competence Ability to work as a team member Desirable personal attributes
Group Development Forming Storming Norming Performing
Group StructureTask Activity Forming Lays the foundation for the group, its standards of behaviour, the role of its leader and members. The task is determined and how it will be approached. Storming Conflicts develop between sub-groups. The leaders authority or competence may be challenged. The feasibility or value of the task is challenged. Norming The group begins to harmonise and form as a unity. The norms accepted by the group emerge and members begin to support each other. Co-operation begins between members. Plans are developed to achieve the task. Communication between members develops. PerformingA group structure develops and roles are acquired by members in order that the task can be worked on. The work on the task is developed.
Individual Roles Within a team there are two types of individual role: functional role as assigned by the structure of the organisation e.g. head of department, deputy, etc. team role as played by the individual within the team, the role of the person within the team will depend on the persons personality.
Roles according to Clutterbuck Generators Integrators Developers Perfecters
Group Functions Benne and Sheats Initiator-contributorSuggests new goals, procedures and ideas to the group. Information seekerSeeks information and facts relevant to the problem. Opinion seekerClarifies the value of what the group is. Information giverOffers facts and gives his experiences. Opinion giverGives his opinion with regard to suggestions made. ElaboratorOffers reasons for suggestions and deduces consequences of following them.
Co-ordinatorCo-ordinates the suggestions and activities OrienteerQuestions the direction the group is taking and defines its position. Evaluator-criticSubjects the accomplishments of the group EnergiserStimulates the group to take decisions or action. Procedural technicianPerforms routine tasks for the group. RecorderKeeps a record of group decisions.
Unhelpful Roles AggressorDeflates the status of other members by expressing disapproval of their contribution or values. BlockerTends to be negative and resistant to suggestions. Opposes all suggestions. Recognition seeker Calls attention to himself by boasting about his achievements.
Self-confessorUses the group forum to express personal feeling not related to the group. PlayboyDisplays a lack of involvement in the group's process by "playing around". DominatorTries to dominate other members of the group. Help-seekerLooks for sympathy from other members by expressing personal problems
Special interest pleader Speaks for certain sectors of the community ie. the small businessman. Cloaks his prejudices or biases in a stereotype.
The Needs within the Group Task Group Individual
Task This is the need to accomplish something. The task is the purpose of the group. It is seen as a thing rather than as people.
Group This refers to the maintenance of the group, it maintains working relationships between members in order that the group can accomplish its task. This refers to people and how they relate to each other.
Individual This looks at the needs of the individual members of the group, why they are part of the group, consider motivation.
Cohesion - influenced by Physical proximity - If people work closely together they tend to form a group. Length of time together - If a number of people are together for a length of time, the longer they are together the more they will work together as a team. Similar work - Those carrying out the same sort of work are able to assist and help each other thus forming a bond.
Homogeneity - People work better together if they share such characteristics as, race, age, sex, social status etc. Communication - It is important that members can communicate with each other. Size - Small groups of under 15 members are more likely to develop cohesion than larger groups.
Maintaining the Group Reviewing Debrief
Reviewing Why we exist, what are we here for? What or who would be affected if we went out of existence? Are there more cost-effective ways our purpose and aim could be achieved than having this team? Has there been a significant change in our mission as a team. Have we perceived or been given, new responsibilities? Are we still the right people to be tackling this work? Does it still need a team effort?
Debrief Was the goal clear? Was the plan clear? Was the plan workable? Was the plan flexible? Did everyone know what they were supposed to be doing? Did everyone do their part? Did everyone work together? What skills or knowledge was lacking?