Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Sociology4/9/2017CHAPTER 5 Socializing the IndividualPersonality- the sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs and values that are characteristics of an individual.Chapter 5
2 Factors That Shape Personality Development Section 1: Personality DevelopmentFactors That Shape Personality DevelopmentHeredity – physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological drivesParents – parental characteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economic statusBirth order – personalities are shaped by whether one has siblingsCultural environment – determines the basic personality types found in a society
3 Isolation in Childhood and Development Section 1: Personality DevelopmentIsolation in Childhood and DevelopmentA healthy cultural environment is essential for a child’s full developmentIsolation can lead to severe effects such as causing children to waste away and die or to have stunted development
6 How Sense of Self Emerges Section 2: The Social SelfHow Sense of Self EmergesThrough interaction with social and cultural environments people are transformed into members of societySocialization- the process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society.
7 Three Theories of Socialization Section 2: The Social SelfThree Theories of SocializationJohn Locke – The Tabula RosaCharles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass SelfGeorge Herbert Mead – Role-Taking
8 John Locke – The Tabula Rosa Section 2: The Social SelfJohn Locke – The Tabula RosaEach person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality.People develop personality as a result of their social experiences.Infants can be molded into any type of person.
9 Charles Horton Cooley – 1864-1929 The Looking Glass Self Section 2: The Social SelfCharles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass SelfInfants have no sense of person or place.Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them.Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reactions to the child’s behavior.
10 George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking Section 2: The Social SelfGeorge Herbert Mead – Role-TakingPeople not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games.This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them.
11 Mead (continued)Significant Others- People closest to us- parents, siblings, relatives-those that have a direct influence on our socialization.Generalized Others-internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society. We internalize these through role-taking.
12 Mead- (continued)Through role-taking individuals develop a sense of self. The self consists of 2 parts-“I”- the un-socialized part of our personality“Me”- the socialized self.In childhood “I” is stronger and as we become socialized we become “Me.”To be a well-rounded member of society a person needs both aspects of self.
13 Agents of Socialization Section 3: Agents of SocializationAgents of SocializationFamily – most important agentPeer group – primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics, particularly influential during pre-teenage and early teenage yearsSchool – plays a major roleMass media – books, films, the Internet, magazines and television, not face-to-face
14 Importance of Family and Education Section 3: Agents of SocializationImportance of Family and EducationTeach children important life skillsTeach values, norms and beliefs
15 Re-socializationTotal Institution- people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time.Examples: prisons, military boot camps,psychiatric hospitals.Re-socialization- a break with past experiences and learning new values and norms.