Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Personality- the sum total of behaviors, attitudes,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Personality- the sum total of behaviors, attitudes,"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Personality- the sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs and values that are characteristics of an individual.

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Factors That Shape Personality Development  Heredity – physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological drives  Parents – parental characteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economic status  Birth order – personalities are shaped by whether one has siblings  Cultural environment – determines the basic personality types found in a society Section 1: Personality Development

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Isolation in Childhood and Development  A healthy cultural environment is essential for a child’s full development  Isolation can lead to severe effects such as causing children to waste away and die or to have stunted development Section 1: Personality Development

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Feral Children 4 Feral Children Part 1- YouTube Feral Children part 2 - YouTube Feral Children Part 4- YouTube Feral Children Part 5-YouTube

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Isolated Children 5 Genie- YouTube Child of Rage

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 How Sense of Self Emerges  Through interaction with social and cultural environments people are transformed into members of society  Socialization- the process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society. Section 2: The Social Self

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Three Theories of Socialization  John Locke – The Tabula Rosa  Charles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass Self  George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking Section 2: The Social Self

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 John Locke – The Tabula Rosa  Each person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality.  People develop personality as a result of their social experiences.  Infants can be molded into any type of person. Section 2: The Social Self

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Charles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass Self  Infants have no sense of person or place.  Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them.  Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reactions to the child’s behavior. Section 2: The Social Self

10 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking  People not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games.  This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them. Section 2: The Social Self

11 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 Mead (continued)  Significant Others- People closest to us- parents, siblings, relatives-those that have a direct influence on our socialization.  Generalized Others-internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society. We internalize these through role-taking.

12 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Mead- (continued)  Through role-taking individuals develop a sense of self. The self consists of 2 parts-  “I”- the un-socialized part of our personality  “Me”- the socialized self.  In childhood “I” is stronger and as we become socialized we become “Me.”  To be a well-rounded member of society a person needs both aspects of self.

13 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 Agents of Socialization  Family – most important agent  Peer group – primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics, particularly influential during pre-teenage and early teenage years  School – plays a major role  Mass media – books, films, the Internet, magazines and television, not face-to-face Section 3: Agents of Socialization

14 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 14 Importance of Family and Education  Teach children important life skills  Teach values, norms and beliefs Section 3: Agents of Socialization

15 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON Re-socialization  Total Institution- people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time.  Examples: prisons, military boot camps, psychiatric hospitals.  Re-socialization- a break with past experiences and learning new values and norms. 15


Download ppt "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Personality- the sum total of behaviors, attitudes,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google