Presentation on theme: "España. Un país de Europa La Península Ibérica The Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal are the only 2 countries that occupy the Iberian Peninsula."— Presentation transcript:
Un país de Europa
La Península Ibérica The Iberian Peninsula: Spain and Portugal are the only 2 countries that occupy the Iberian Peninsula. Spain is the largest country to occupy the Iberian Peninsula. Rock of Gibraltar only part of land in Spain that does not belong to Spain. Spain is only 7.3 miles from Morocco in North Africa.
Un poco de historia de España The Basques are believed to be the earliest inhabitants pre-Iberian times Earliest known inhabitants were 1 st the Iberians and then the Celts over several thousand years Romans called the Peninsula Hispania Romans controlled Hispania from 206 B.C. – 476 A.D. (approx. 682 yrs.)
Moors invaded and controlled Hispania from 711 – 1492 (approx. 781 years) Moors controlled all of known Spain except the region (Kingdom) of Asturias In 1492, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille completed the Reconquista (Reconquest) of Spain from the Moors. The Moors were incredibly tolerant towards Christians and Jews. The Moors ushered in a golden age of learning. The Moors left their mark on everything in Spain but especially in the architecture, music, dance and food which is still very alive today. Moorish Spain
La arquitectura: El Alhambra
Un poco de historia más 1588 Spanish Armada defeated by the English at the Battle of the English Channel. Marked the end of Spain as both a sea and world power Spain declares war on Great Britain in the Seven Years War. This resulted in Spains loss of Florida but their gain of the French Louisiana west of the Mississippi and the return of Cuba and the Philippines by Great Britain Spain supports the United States in the American Revolutionary War Spain remains neutral during World War I – 1939 Spanish Civil War resulted in: 1931 Abdication of King Alfonso XIII 1936 – 1975 Dictatorship of General Francisco Franco Cost an estimated 500,000 deaths Spain remained neutral during World War II 1975 Death of General Francisco Franco Franco named as his successor before his death, Juan Carlos I de Borbon y Borbon, grandson of the abdicated King Alfonso XIII whom he had helped to overthrow – Present Juan Carlos I de Borbon y Borbon is King of Spain Spain has quietly become a constitutional monarchy with a king and a prime minister, or Presidente del Gobierno (President of the Government), José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spains greatest literary figure, wrote Part 1 of Don Quixote de la Mancha 1615 Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra wrote Part 2 of Don Quixote de la Mancha 1492 Isabella and Ferdinands Reconquest of Spain allowed them to finance Crístobal Colóns discovery and conquest of the New World for Spain
España de hoy Plaza de Cibeles Palacio Real Retiro Parque
The City of Science and Arts, Valencia, España LHemisféric – Laserium, Planetarium, & IMAX Cinema Palua de les Arts Reina Sofia – theatre, dance, opera, musicals Museo de las Ciencias Principe Felipe – hands-on science experience LOceanografic – 500 different marine species habitat
Alrededor de España
Las Corridas de Toros
Juan Carlos I de Borbon y Borbon Rey de España José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero Presidente del Gobierno
España – Los Campeones de La Copa Europea 2008
España – Los Campeones de La Copa Mundial de 2010 España is the only country to win the European and World Cups back to back.