Presentation on theme: "Socializing the Individual"— Presentation transcript:
1 Socializing the Individual Chapter 5 Section 1Personality Development
2 Personality Development Objectives:1. Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.2. Explain how isolation in childhood affects development.Define: personality, heredity, instinct, sociobiology, aptitude, feral childrenIdentify: John B. Watson, the Ik, Kingsley Davis, Rene Spitz
3 Personality Development A woman’s skill as a salesperson may be attributed to her assertive personalityA student who drops out or has a very poor academic record may be known to have a lazy and apathetic personalityA teenage girl, who thinks the world revolves around her dismisses instruction from her teacher/parents is known to have a disrespectful and rude personalityA successful athlete who holds a 4.0 GPA is known for their hard working personality
4 Personality Development So how do we get the way we are??Personality: the sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs and values that are characteristic of an individual.Sociologists and Psychologists use the term when they are referring to more than a person’s striking characteristic-traits determine how we adjust to our environment & how we react in specific situations-continues to develop throughout our lifetime (slower rate in adulthood)
5 Personality Development Where does our personality come from? Nature v. Nurture?? Ever hear the saying: “The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree?” What does this mean to you? Heredity-the transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to children.
6 Personality Development Instinct—unchanging biologically inherited behavior patternInstinctive behaviors are believed to be the force behind everything: laughing, motherhood, warfare, religion, capitalism, communism, and even the creation of society itself
7 Pavlov’s DogsIn the early 1900’s, Sociologists determined that there were 10,000 human instinctsIvan Pavlov- proved that instincts can be taughtDog-fed-salivate to digestDog-bell&feed-salivateDog-bell-salivateStudents are trained to do theExact thing when bell ringsJohn B. Watson
8 Personality Development Sociobiology- systematic study of the biological basis of all behavior1970’sSociobiologists argue that most of human social life is determined by biological factorsBummer, you have to play the hand your dealt. If Maybelline helps, use it.
9 Personality Development Heredity-certain characteristics that are present at birthBody, build, hair, eye color, skin color, aptitudesIf you want to know what your boyfriend/girlfriend will look like in twenty years, wait…ten years, look at ma and paAptitude- capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a particular body of knowledgenatural talents such as music or artsome talents are learned…
10 Personality Development Positive and Negative Reinforcement --- can affect one’s personality traitsAlcoholismReading to children at an early ageHeredity provides you with certain biological needs, but culture determines how you meet those needsEating habits
11 Personality Development Birth OrderCan determine personality traits“Esau I hated, Jacob I have loved”Best matches for couples, according to Dr. Kevin Leman:Only-children and last bornsFirst borns and last bornsMiddle children and last borns
12 Birth order Worst matches for couples: Only children and only children Female last borns with no brothers married to male last borns with no sistersHow might other factors such as heredity and parental characteristics, affect the success of a marriage?