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Personality Development  Objectives:  1. Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.  2. Explain how isolation in childhood.

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Presentation on theme: "Personality Development  Objectives:  1. Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.  2. Explain how isolation in childhood."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Personality Development  Objectives:  1. Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.  2. Explain how isolation in childhood affects development.  Define: personality, heredity, instinct, sociobiology, aptitude, feral children  Identify: John B. Watson, the Ik, Kingsley Davis, Rene Spitz

3 Personality Development  A woman’s skill as a salesperson may be attributed to her assertive personality  A student who drops out or has a very poor academic record may be known to have a lazy and apathetic personality  A teenage girl, who thinks the world revolves around her dismisses instruction from her teacher/parents is known to have a disrespectful and rude personality  A successful athlete who holds a 4.0 GPA is known for their hard working personality

4 Personality Development  So how do we get the way we are??  Personality: the sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs and values that are characteristic of an individual.  Sociologists and Psychologists use the term when they are referring to more than a person’s striking characteristic  -traits determine how we adjust to our environment & how we react in specific situations  -continues to develop throughout our lifetime (slower rate in adulthood)

5 Personality Development Where does our personality come from? Nature v. Nurture?? Ever hear the saying: “The apple doesn’t fall far from the tree?” What does this mean to you? Heredity-the transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to children.

6 Personality Development  Instinct—unchanging biologically inherited behavior pattern  Instinctive behaviors are believed to be the force behind everything: laughing, motherhood, warfare, religion, capitalism, communism, and even the creation of society itself

7 Pavlov’s Dogs  In the early 1900’s, Sociologists determined that there were 10,000 human instincts  Ivan Pavlov- proved that instincts can be taught  Dog-fed-salivate to digest  Dog-bell&feed-salivate  Dog-bell-salivate  Students are trained to do the Exact thing when bell rings  John B. Watson

8 Personality Development  Sociobiology- systematic study of the biological basis of all behavior  1970’s  Sociobiologists argue that most of human social life is determined by biological factors  Bummer, you have to play the hand your dealt. If Maybelline helps, use it.

9 Personality Development  Heredity-certain characteristics that are present at birth  Body, build, hair, eye color, skin color, aptitudes  If you want to know what your boyfriend/girlfriend will look like in twenty years, wait…ten years, look at ma and pa Aptitude- capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a particular body of knowledge natural talents such as music or art some talents are learned…

10 Personality Development  Positive and Negative Reinforcement --- can affect one’s personality traits  Alcoholism  Reading to children at an early age Heredity provides you with certain biological needs, but culture determines how you meet those needs Eating habits

11 Personality Development  Birth Order  Can determine personality traits  “Esau I hated, Jacob I have loved”  Best matches for couples, according to Dr. Kevin Leman:  Only-children and last borns  First borns and last borns  Middle children and last borns

12 Birth order  Worst matches for couples:  Only children and only children  Female last borns with no brothers married to male last borns with no sisters  How might other factors such as heredity and parental characteristics, affect the success of a marriage?


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