Presentation on theme: "Working with Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Office of Student Disability Services Eastern Illinois University."— Presentation transcript:
Working with Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Office of Student Disability Services Eastern Illinois University
ASD Facts: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. 1% of the United States population has been diagnosed with ASD. This is consistent with the populations of all the countries around the world. It is unknown if the increase is due to increased awareness, differences in study methodology, or a true increase in the frequency of ASD. There is no known cause of ASD.
ASD Facts: The essential features that must be present for diagnosis are: Persistent impairment in reciprocal social communication and social interaction, Repetitive patterns of behavior and/or limited interests or activities, Present from early childhood, but may be masked by learned behaviors, (may not manifest until later in life), and Limits or impairs everyday functions.
Nonverbal/Verbal Communication Implications: Atypical, absent, or reduced nonverbal communication (use of eye contact, gestures, facial expressions, body orientation, or speech intonation) may be exhibited. One may appear to over exaggerate body language or use odd nonverbal movements, causing the individual to appear “wooden” during social interactions. An individual with ASD may not understand different ways language is used such as: irony or sarcasm.
Social Interaction and Behavior Implications: An individual with ASD may struggle with understanding what behaviors are appropriate for different situations. (Example: displaying casual behavior at a job interview) An individual with ASD could pay excessive adherence to routine and have restrictive patterns of behavior that may lead to distress. Small changes in daily life situations may cause a great deal of distress. (Example: class being moved to a different location)
Social Interaction and Behavior Implications: An individual with ASD may display patterns of verbal or nonverbal behaviors such as: repetitive questioning or walking the perimeter of an area. An individual with ASD could have highly restricted, fixated interests. An individual with ASD may display rigidity of thinking and insistence on adherence to rules.
Social Interaction and Behavior Implications: An individual with ASD may display deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships with others. An individual with ASD may prefer to be alone or with individuals who are either a considerable amount older or younger than the individual. An individual with ASD may desire to establish friendships without a realistic idea of what is entailed, leading to a one- sided relationship or a relationship based solely on a special interest.
Psychological and Physiological Implications: An individual with ASD could suffer from anxiety due to constantly calculating what is socially intuitive for most individuals. There is an increased risk of depression found in adults with ASD. Individuals with ASD may have gross and fine motor deficits. They may be seen as clumsy or have an “odd” gait. Their hand writing may also be impacted.
For further information: If you have questions, please contact us at: Office of Student Disability Services Thank you in advance for providing instruction and accommodations that fulfill the EIU mission: “Eastern Illinois University is a public comprehensive university that offers superior, accessible undergraduate and graduate education. Students learn the methods and results of free and rigorous inquiry in the arts, humanities, sciences, and professions, guided by a faculty known for its excellence in teaching, research, creative activity, and service. The University community is committed to diversity and inclusion and fosters opportunities for student-faculty scholarship and applied learning experiences within a student-centered campus culture. Throughout their education, students refine their abilities to reason and to communicate clearly so as to become responsible citizens and leaders. “