Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Social Network Analysis: Concepts, Applications, Analysis of Social Structures Using Secondary Data Liaquat Hossain Sciences of Learning Winter Institute.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Social Network Analysis: Concepts, Applications, Analysis of Social Structures Using Secondary Data Liaquat Hossain Sciences of Learning Winter Institute."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Network Analysis: Concepts, Applications, Analysis of Social Structures Using Secondary Data Liaquat Hossain Sciences of Learning Winter Institute Workshop The University of Hong Kong Hong Kong, 14 January

2 2 Agenda Introduction to Social Networks Visualising & Interpreting Social Networks Social Network Data Collection & Analysis Social Networks Correlates to Coordination –Enron Communication Corpus –Visualisation of Enron Communication Network Research Framework Methods Results

3 3 Introduction to Social Networks

4 4 Social Network Analysis Social Network – A set of actors and relations that hold the actors together SNA – “The disciplined inquiry into the patterning of relations among social actors, as well as the patterning of relationships among actors at different levels of analysis (such as persons and groups)” (Breiger, 2004)

5 5 Growth of Social Networks Social Networks research has been growing exponentially over the past decades Source: Otte & Rousseau (2002)

6 6 Distribution of Social Network Research

7 7 At the Beginning of the Hype Curve Source: IBM (2005)

8 8 Concepts: Relations and Ties Relations – connects actors (eg. Friendship, colleagues, kinship) Tie - a relation that is established between two or more entities from the moment information or resources are exchanged Multiplex Tie – Connections based on many relations Ties are characterised by content, direction and strength

9 9 Visualising & Interpreting Social Networks

10 10 Collaboration Network Source: Otte & Rousseau (2002)

11 11 Academic Collaboration Ties ( )

12 12 Academic Collaboration Ties ( )

13 13 Academic Collaboration Ties ( )

14 14 Sexual relations Colorado Spring data By Gender (Morris, Moody et al.) Male Female

15 15 Social Network Data Collection & Analysis

16 16 Whole or Sociocentric Approach Focus is on measuring structural patterns of interactions and how the patterns explain outcomes (eg. concentration of power or resources within groups) Actors are usually known or determined ie. network boundaries are a priori defined A roster of names is usually needed to formulate the adjancency matrix

17 17 An Adjacency Matrix Seeks advice from JohnKenSmithJackyCarlWinnieWillDarenFionaFetch John Ken Smith Jacky Carl Winnie Will Daren Fiona Fetch

18 18 Sociocentric Network Approach What if the population of interest is over 100 or 1,000? For –30 actors there would be 435 (undirected) or 870 (directed) interactions –100 actors there would be 4950 (undirected) or 9900 (directed) interactions Scrutinising through long lists of names and identifying multiplex ties with actors on the list causes fatigue and recall problems (Bernard et al, 1982)

19 19 Egocentric Network Approach (..cont) “Ego” is the actor we are interested in. “Alters” are the people referred to by the ego as having a tie with Coleman, Katz et al’s (1957) medical innovation diffusion study adopted egocentric approach from doctors –To whom did you turn to for advice and information? –With whom did you most often discuss cases in an ordinary week? –Who were the friends between your colleagues whom you saw often socially? Ego

20 20 Egocentric Network Approach (..cont) Socio-demographic attribute data: Sex, Marital Status, Education Occupational attribute data: Age, professional associations, social associations, journals read Relational data: Density, Centrality and Centralisation

21 21 Social Networks Correlates to Coordination

22 22 Introduction to Enron Dataset We used the Enron Dataset to study the correlation between centrality and coordinative ability. The Enron Dataset is: –A collection of over 250,000 s… –of about 150 employees… –from a real organisation… –over a period of 3.5 years

23 23 Enron Corpus versions Various instances of the corpus: –Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (619,449 s, 158 employees) –Stanford Research Institute then rectified data integrity problems –Cohen (CMU) made the dataset public (517,431 s, 151 addresses) –Corrada-Emmanuel (250,484 s, 149 users) –Shetty and Adibi (252,759 s, 151 users)

24 24 Visualisation of Enron Communication Network

25 25 Preliminary Results of Enron Communication Network ( )

26 26 Preliminary Results of Enron Communication Network (1999)

27 27 Preliminary Results of Enron Communication Network (2000)

28 28 Preliminary Results of Enron Communication Network (2001)

29 29 Preliminary Results of Enron Communication Network (2002)

30 30 Research Framework

31 31 Methodology summary –The methodology of the study involves four research phases: extraction and cataloguing of coordination key phrases calculation of coordination score bounded by project scope construction of social network matrices using the centrality measures hypothesis testing of the association between network centrality and coordination

32 32 Text Mining for Coordination

33 33 Key Phrase Extraction

34 34 Calculating Coordination Weights

35 35 Text Mining and Coordination Score A text-mining application was created to deploy the model to calculate coordination score from the Enron dataset.

36 36 Social Network Matrices and Centrality Measurement: –Degree –Closeness –Betweenness Directional Analysis: –In-Centrality –Out-Centrality UCINET 6 Output of Closeness

37 37 Project Based Coordination Results Coordination and centrality across three projects The coordination and centrality scores are ranked. 6 of the 8 cases ranked equally.

38 38 Organisational Position and Coordination Employee title and role, along with coordination and centrality scores

39 39 Mapping average coordination against position in organisational hierarchy

40 40 Results Summary


Download ppt "Social Network Analysis: Concepts, Applications, Analysis of Social Structures Using Secondary Data Liaquat Hossain Sciences of Learning Winter Institute."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google