Presentation on theme: "Individual v. situational explanations of behaviour"— Presentation transcript:
1Individual v. situational explanations of behaviour MilgramIndividual:Passive/Sadistic(?) personalitiesHigh level of empathy/strong willSituationalProds/Lab coat/Yale UniversityBeing in an experiment: demand char.
2Individual v. situational explanations of behaviour ZimbardoIndividual:Need for power/creativityRebelliousness/sensitivitySituationalRole play/ the arrestFunctional equivalents/clothes
3Individual v. situational explanations of behaviour PiliavinIndividual:Level of empathy/moralityPhysical strengthLevel of apathySituationalBeing in an enclosed spaceBeing in a public place
4Individual v. situational explanations of behaviour TajfelIndividual:Level of competitivenessWanting to be fairSituationalBeing in a groupBeing in a cubicle
5The Fundamental Attribution Error Attributions are basically explanations of behaviourOften we make a basic error when explaining behaviourE.g. icy roadsWhat is this error?Sometimes we show self-serving bias in our explanationsE.g. Exam success/failureYou don’t need to know this for AS but it is interesting to think about when we consider the social psychology studies.