2Men are better than women at sport! GenderMen are better than women at sport!100m world record Men – 9.58secs Women – 10.49secsJavelin world record Men – 98.48metres Women – 72.28metresWeight of javelin 800grams 600 grams
3Oxygen carrying capacity MaleFemaleSizeSize of lungsSize of heartOxygen carrying capacityPowerStrength% of body fatFlexibility
4What sports are males better than females at? Why?What sports are females better than males at?
6Somatotyping Body shape is described by somatotyping. This is the type of body you were born with which is determined genetically.Your body shape can be improved but you cannot make drastic changes to it, such as increasing your height or bone structure.
73 basic body types There are 3 basic body types: Endomorph Mesomorph Ectomorph
9Suitability for activities Endomorph Mesomorph EctomorphEnd up Muscles ThinSuited to activities like wrestling and shot-putting.Suited to activities like decathlon, gymnastics and swimming. .Suited to activities like long distance running and high jumping.
10Somatotyping performers & scoring Your body type can be a very important factor in physical activities as it may mean that you are particularly well suited to one particular sport or unsuited to another.The majority of people are not at the extremes of the 3 types of somatotypes, but are a mixture of them. To identify your own somatotype, each type is given a score from 1-7, with 7 being most like the somatotype.
11Scoring The order goes as follows: Endomorph Mesomorph Ectomorph Most sports people tend to have a strong Mesomorph characteristic, since muscle plays a large part in most sports.
12TaskThink about what scores you may give the ideal performer in the following sports:WeightlifterGymnastSumo wrestlerTennis playerHigh jumperSprinterMr Average
13Somatotype chartsOnce you have got the scores for these you can easily plot them on a chart to compare and contrast.
14HomeworkFor the 3 somatotypes, suggest one sport for each that may suit their particular body type, and explain why.If an individual had a somatotype rating of 3-6-5, describe their physical appearance, and give a sport that may be suitableIs a persons somatotype rating the only factor which affects their success in an activity? Explain your answer and give reasons for it.
15Disability Should people who are disabled take part in sport? What can be done to help disabled people take part in sport?What activities can they do?