Presentation on theme: "World Academy of Art & Science The Emerging Individual"— Presentation transcript:
1 World Academy of Art & Science The Emerging Individual Web-seminar February 17, 2012Garry jacobs, individuality project coordinator
2 Can one man change the world? Moses, Buddha, Christ, Muhammed, Alexander, Socrates, Aristotle, Euclid, Plato, Ashoka, Shankara, Lao-tse, Confucius, Kalidasa, Homer, Augustus, Aryabhata, Virgil, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Gutenberg, Copernicus, Columbus, Kepler, Galileo, Spinoza, Vico, Shakespeare, Dantes, Machiavelli, Luther, Calvin, Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton, Leibniz, Mercator, Pascal, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Hume, Franklin, Jefferson, Watt, Adam Smith, Napoleon, Mendel, Darwin, Dumas, Hugo, Marx, Beethoven, Wagner, Dickens, Goethe, Kant, Hegel, Edison, Ford, Einstein, Freud, Keynes, Gandhi, Mao, Jean Monet, Martin Luther King, Popper, Watson & Crick, Gorbachev, Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Tom Peters, Berners- Lee, Soros, Jim Wales, Gore, Brin & Page, Zuckerberg…
3 Questions What do we mean by individuality? What is the relationship between the individual and the collective?How is individuality formed?What is the contribution of the individual to the development of the collective?What is the role of the collective in the formation of the individual?What conditions are most favorable for the formation of individuality?Is humanity becoming more individualized?
4 HypothesesThe mature individual represents the highest present achievement of human culture and perhaps of nature itself.Humanity is becoming more individualized.The evolution of the individual is the key to continuous evolution and sustainability of the human community.Learning how to actively and successfully promote the development of human capital in general and the emergence of individuality in particular is the single most important challenge for ensuring humanity’s collective future.
5 What do we mean by individuality? separate, single or particular persona person who is striking, unusual, distinctive or original2. IndividualismIndependence, self-reliance, often self-centered and egoistic pursuit of self-interest.Differentiation that makes a person feel separate from society.3. IndividuationAn advanced stage of personality formation characterized by distinguishing qualities, characteristics and values.A development of consciousness made possible in freedom by which an undifferentiated member of the collective develops a unique personality with a sense of social responsibility as well as individual responsibility.
6 Characteristics of Individuality Creativity, originality and uniqueness.Self-directed, not limited by collective norms, roles or blind social conformityEmbraces change and challenges with self-confidence and courageAccepts responsibility and adheres to high valuesAware of his own unique innate potentialsPre-eminent member of the collective; not egoistic, selfish, isolated or living apartIn harmony with himself and society, viewing society as a complement rather than a threat to his individualityHumility and respect for the individuality of others
7 Types or expressions of individuality PhysicalAdventurer & Explorers – Columbus, Balboa, Lewis & ClarkPioneers – American PilgrimsSocialCommercial entrepreneurs – Carnegie, Ford, Gates, JobsSocial innovators – Muhammed Yunus, Jim WalesPolitical leaders – Gandhi, Martin Luther King, GorbachevMentalInventors – Franklin, Watt, Edison, Tim Berners Lee,Scientific discoverers – Copernicus, Newton, DarwinOriginal thinkers – Socrates, EinsteinCreative artists – Leonardo, Shakespeare, BeethovenSpiritualProphet, saint, sage, rishi, yogi – Buddha, Christ, Muhammed
8 How is individuality formed? The individual is not an exception to the norm. He carries within himself and embodies the accumulated knowledge, skills and capacities of the collective.The individual is the conscious fount of the accumulated knowledge and experience of the collectiveWhat is exceptional is the freedom and courage with which he explores, creates, invents, recombines and expresses the collective endowment in original ways.
9 What is the relationship between single person & collective? Feudalism – subordination and subjectionMonarchy – obedience and loyaltyDemocracy – political and civil rightsSocial Democracy – socio-economic-cultural rightsIndividualized Society – ?
10 What is Role of the individual in development of the collective? Development takes place on a bedrock of social preparedness.Pioneering individuals are the first to give expression to new ideas, values, organizational innovations, discoveries and creative actions.Successful pioneers may be ignored, ridiculed or persecuted, until a time when others imitate, replicate and multiply the new behavior.Eventually society accepts, endorses, organizes and institutionalizes the new behavior and internalizes it in cultural values.
11 What conditions are favorable to formation of individuality? Individuality can fully emerge only when people feel secure, even when they oppose the conventional consciousness of the collective.Peace – physical security ensured by law and orderPolitical freedomSocial equalityEconomic securityEducation – what type?Cultural values – which ones?
12 Can we Educate for Individuality? Can we teach true rationality that does not accept conventional wisdom just because it is conventional?Can we teach the limits of rationality?
13 Cultural Values: shift From conformity to rationality Even today society is ruled by conformity to the social consciousness of the collective. Social power still reside with those who conform.The challenge is to emancipate the individual from subordination to the social consciousness which oppresses and constrains his creativity.Conscious individuality can proliferate only when society respects the courage and vision of those who refuse to conform and is willing to endorse rational propositions, even when they conflict with prevailing social conventions.
14 Is individuality evolving? The scientific revolution of the 16th and 17th century was carried out by a handful of inspired individuals.Today there are thousands of inventors and entrepreneurs like Edison, Alexander Bell, Andrew Carnegie, and Henry FordImagine a world in which individuality evolves from the rare exception into a common endowment.
15 Organizations as individuals What applies to single individual human beings should be even more applicable to small groups of dedicated and dynamic people.Club of Rome report The Limits to Growth in 1972.Pugwash and IPPNW awarded Nobel prizesWikipedia – 20M articles, 238 languages, 365M readers and 100K regular contributors.Individuality may offer valuable lessons for WAAS on how to fulfill the ambitious mission formulated by our founders 50 years ago.