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Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Individual Education Plans (IEPs) Collaboration for Success March 2012
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Collaboration for Success 2 Replaces the 1998 IEP Guidelines Developed by a sector advisory group Based on international and national literature review Reflects changes in the education and disability sectors Based on what we know works Supported by web tips and tools
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Key points All teaching and learning for all students in New Zealand schools, including those with special education needs, takes place within the New Zealand Curriculum and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa The teacher is the leader of all classroom learning All students are recognised as active, capable learners Listen to students’ views (stand in their shoes) Student engagement, learning and achievement depend in part on the relationship between the teacher and the student Collaborate – the student, their parents/whānau, the school team, and specialists are all valued team members 3
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Why do we need new IEP guidance? Many IEPs are excellent. But for some: IEPs have been asked to serve too many purposes, such as resourcing The IEP meeting was used as a tick box exercise Classroom teachers have struggled to make time available Teams (especially parents) have not always felt they have been heard or kept informed IEPs can set students apart and make them different IEP goals were often not seen as part of the classroom programme 4
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education What an IEP is a succinct outline of a few priority learning goals a working plan that brings together knowledge and contributions from the student and those who know them best a working plan that shows how the school and classroom programme will be adapted to fit the student a forward-looking plan that builds on student achievements, and records where they want to go, what supports are needed (including support for team members), and what success might look like a living document, regularly updated. 5
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education What an IEP is not a document that shows how the student will fit the curriculum a document prepared by professionals to be signed off by a student’s parents/caregivers a different, separate curriculum a document written specifically for funding or referral purposes an exhaustive list of learning goals, activities, teaching strategies, and resources covering all the learning areas and key competencies a document that is completed at a meeting and then not looked at or used until the next meeting. 6
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education IEPs in action Many students with special education needs will have those needs met by their teaching teams - not every student needs an IEP All students’ learning needs should be considered first in the context of the learning activities and opportunities of the classroom and school programmes The format of an IEP is determined by the team, not prescribed The frequency of an IEP review is determined by the team, not prescribed The IEP informs but does not replace school reporting 7
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Collaboration for Success The success of an IEP is as much about the way a student’s team thinks and works together as it is about what’s written in the IEP document. 8
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Collaboration in action 9
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education The way a child’s team thinks 10 See the child, not the disability View the world through their eyes Language, identity and culture count Student is an active and capable learner Adapt the school programme to fit the child rather than expecting the child to fit the school programme Embed the IEP goals in everyday classroom and school practice. Adapt the environment, not the student Success
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Adaptation 11
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education The way a child’s team works 12 For a student to learn and achieve, those who know them best must plan and work well together Parents/whānau are key Collaborate Wherever possible, the student themselves should also have a voice through being present, or through their parents and whānau Peers can help Student voice Collaborative Teaming Success
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education The team in action – student 13
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Adaptations and differentiations Adapt the content, teaching and learning materials, and expected responses Present complex content in a simpler way Include activities that reflect a student’s preferences Provide multiple ways for the student to express what they know, such as use of photos, work sheets, assistive technology Allow students more time to respond to learning materials Coach peers to provide effective support in e.g. small group work 14
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Adaptation 15
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Bringing it all together "[The IEP meeting] is a process that begins with celebration and recognition. We share heart-warming stories about the student's progress and achievements, and remind ourselves that they are just like any other child – uniquely special and gifted in their own right. We also look at ourselves and celebrate how hard we work and how far we have come in our ability to manage situations that challenge us. Unless this is recognised and said out loud, I don't think any plan or IEP will serve much beyond the paper it's written on. IEPs are full of opportunities. We all respect and value the process and the contributions of everyone involved – most of all, the students." Lisa, Special Education Coordinator (SENCO) 16
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education What’s next? Planned roll-out to the specialist education workforce Specialist services - Ministry of Education, Special Education staff, RTLB, Resource Teachers Vision and Deaf, Correspondence School and SLS teachers - have shared understandings about the Collaboration for Success and IEP processes Planned roll-out by specialist services to schools Parent to Parent will run workshops for parents/caregivers Build the website - suggestions to: 17
Copyright © New Zealand Ministry of Education Visit the website, use the tools 18
How to assess: Uses and purposes of current assessment tools © McLachlan, Edwards, Margrain & McLean 2013.
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