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1 The Leader as an Individual. 2 Chapter Objectives Identify major personality dimensions and understand how personality influences leadership and relationships.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Leader as an Individual. 2 Chapter Objectives Identify major personality dimensions and understand how personality influences leadership and relationships."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Leader as an Individual

2 2 Chapter Objectives Identify major personality dimensions and understand how personality influences leadership and relationships within organizations. Clarify your instrumental and end values, and recognize how values guide thoughts and behavior. Define attitudes and explain their relationship to leader behavior. Recognize individual differences in cognitive style and broaden your own thinking style to expand leadership potential.

3 3 Chapter Objectives (contd.) Practice aspects of charismatic leadership by pursuing a vision or idea that you care deeply about and want to share with others. Apply the concepts that distinguish transformational from transactional leadership.

4 4 What people want in a Leader Integrity -- honesty Trust Job knowledge People skills

5 5 Personality The set of unseen characteristics and processes that underlie a relatively stable pattern of behavior in response to ideas, objects, and people in the environment

6 6 Ex. 4.1 The Big Five Personality Dimensions Low Extroversion High Low Agreeableness High Low Conscientiousness High Low Emotional Stability High Low Openness to Experience High Quiet, withdrawn, unassertive Aloof, easily irritated Impulsive, carefree Moody, tense, lower self- confidence Narrow field of interests, likes the tried- and-true Outgoing, energetic, gregarious Warm, considerate, good-natured Responsible, dependable, goal-oriented Stable, confident Imaginative, curious, open to new ideas

7 7 Personality Traits Locus of Control –Defines whether a person places the primary responsibility for what happens to him or her within himself/herself or on outside forces Authoritarianism –The belief that power and status differences should exist in an organization

8 8 Values Fundamental beliefs that an individual considers to be important, that are relatively stable over time, and that have an impact on attitudes and behavior. End Values –Sometimes called terminal values, these are beliefs about the kind of goals or outcomes that are worth trying to pursue. Instrumental Values –Beliefs about the types of behavior that are appropriate for reaching goals.

9 9 Attitude An evaluation (either positive or negative) about people, events, or things. Self-Concept –The collection of attitudes we have about ourselves; includes self-esteem and whether a person generally has a positive or negative feeling about him/herself.

10 10 Theory X and Theory Y Theory X : the assumption that people are basically lazy and not motivated to work and that they have a natural tendency to avoid responsibility Theory Y : the assumption that people do not inherently dislike work and will commit themselves willingly to work that they care about

11 11 Cognitive Style How a person perceives, processes, interprets, and uses information

12 12

13 13 Ex. 4.4 Hermann’s Whole Brain Model Logical Analytical Fact-based Quantitative Holistic Intuitive Integrating Synthesizing Organized Sequential Planned Detailed Interpersonal Feeling-based Kinesthetic Emotional A Upper left B Lower left C Lower right D Upper right

14 14 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) Personality test that measures how individuals differ in gathering and evaluating information for solving problems and making decisions


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