Presentation on theme: "TOPIC ONE: ARISTOPHANES’ COMEDIES Choose TWO of the following 3 extracts and answer ALL of the questions relating to these two extracts. XANTHIAS: Now."— Presentation transcript:
TOPIC ONE: ARISTOPHANES’ COMEDIES Choose TWO of the following 3 extracts and answer ALL of the questions relating to these two extracts. XANTHIAS: Now look, I’d better tell the audience what this is all about. Just a few words by way of introduction. [He turns to the audience.] You mustn’t expect anything too grand: but you’re not going to get any crude Megarian stuff either. And I’m afraid we can’t run to a couple of slaves with baskets full of nuts to throw to you. You won’t see Heracles being cheated of his dinner; we’re not going to sling any mud at Euripides; and we don’t intend to make mincemeat of Cleon this time – even if he has covered himself with glory just lately. No, this is just a little fable, with a moral: not too highbrow for you, we hope, but a bit more intelligent than the usual knockabout stuff. That’s our master, the big man sleeping up there on the roof. He’s told us to stand guard over his father and keep him locked up inside, so that he can’t get out. You see, the old man’s suffering from a very peculiar complaint, which I’m sure none of you have ever heard of, and you’ll never guess what it is unless we tell you. Would you like to try? [He waits for suggestions from the audience.] What’s that, Amynias? Mad on dicing? No, it isn’t ‘cubomania’. Aristophanes, Wasps
(a)(i)Give the Greek term for the part of the play that this extract is taken from. (ii)What function does this part of the play traditionally fulfill for the audience? Ques tion EvidenceAchievementMerExc (a)(i)Prologos or prologue (ii)To introduce plot, themes, conflicts and characters. (One needed) BOTH parts are required.
c) (b)(i)Name the “master” in line 11. (ii)Explain why he is asleep on the roof. Ques tion EvidenceAchievementMerExc (b)(i) Bdelycleon (ii)(He is guarding the roof) to stop his father escaping / that way. BOTH parts are required.
(c) (i) Explain how the master’s position on the roof reflects a convention of staging in the ancient Greek theatre. (ii) What other action in the opening comic episodes of the Wasps happens on the roof? Ques tion EvidenceAchievementMerExc (c)(i) Playwrights used the (flat) roof of (part of) the skene / stage building as an upper stage. (Or similar.) (ii)Philocleon tried to escape (through the chimney on the roof / through a hole he has made in the roof tiles.) BOTH parts are required.
(d)(i)Name the “old man” referred to in lines 13–14. (ii)What is his “very peculiar complaint”, referred to by Xanthias in line 14? Ques tion EvidenceAchievementMerExc (d)(i) Philocleon (ii) He is a “trialophile” / litigious maniac / is addicted to serving on juries. BOTH parts are required.
(e)Describe in detail, with specific reference to the play, TWO symptoms of this “peculiar complaint” as explained by Xanthias immediately after this extract. QuEvidenceAchMer Ex c (e)Any TWO of: Eg doesn’t sleep at night because he is thinking about the courtroom, or dreams about the waterclock / courtroom so used to clutching his voting pebble that he wakes up with his thumb and two fingers glued together accused the magistrates of bribing the cock to call him late because their accounts were to be reviewed in court that day so keen to give the harshest verdict that he has wax under fingernails from scratching the longest line so afraid of running out of voting pebbles that he keeps a whole beach of them inside the house tries to find any way to escape from the house to carry out jury service plus an example Becomes very agitated when he can’t escape from the house (Two correct answers may occur in one given by candidate.) ONE symptom described fully or TWO partially described. TWO symptoms described fully are required.
(f) (i) Give TWO reasons why Aristophanes might want to “make mincemeat of Cleon” (ii) Identify ONE feature of the depiction of Cleon in the dream that Sosias has just described to Xanthias and explain the characteristic of Cleon this feature conveys. QuEvidenceAchMer Ex c (f)(i)Cleon (Any TWO of): was an extreme democrat disliked by traditional conservatives exploited the judicial system for his own ends manipulated the people through clever and persuasive speeches was very much in favour of war with Sparta “tanned” Aristophanes’ “hide” by bringing him to court for wronging the people in his plays. (Other answers possible.) (ii)Eg: rapacious-looking creature = Cleon’s greed with a figure like a whale = Cleon’s physical bulk / obesity a voice like a scalded sow = Cleon’s loud voice in the assembly holding a pair of scales / weighing out bits of fat from a carcass = dividing up the spoils from the judicial / political system. (ONE feature needed with a characteristic explained.) ONE part fully answered or TWO parts partially answered. TWO parts fully answered are required.
(g) (i) Provide and explain ONE piece of evidence from this extract illustrating Aristophanes’ view that a purpose of comedy is to convey a serious message. (ii) Discuss in detail TWO aspects in the mock trial of the dog that the audience would have found amusing. Describe each aspect in detail and explain how each aspect also conveys a serious point. (iii) Discuss ONE other incident from elsewhere in the Wasps where Aristophanes uses comedy to make a serious point. QuEvidenceAchMerExc (g)(i)When Aristophanes says “this is just a little fable, with a moral” he means that there will be a serious point to his comedy. When he says “a bit more intelligent than the usual knockabout stuff”, he means that within the usual slapstick of comedy, he will provide something more thought-provoking. When he says “you mustn’t expect anything too grand: but you’re not going to get any crude Megarian stuff either”, he means his plays won’t be full of vulgarity but will contain a little seriousness. (ONE piece of evidence explained required.) (ii)Eg: The audience would have found it amusing to recognise the portrayal of Cleon as the Dog of Cydathenaeum. The serious point would be the way he is prosecuting the second dog – not for stealing the cheese but for failing to share it with him (ie as Cleon may have done in the trial of Laches, who bribed the Sicilians but did not share the bribes with Cleon). The audience would have found the mime of the dog licking the plates amusing. The serious point is that the dog – ie Cleon – is good at taking his cut. (TWO aspects needed, with explanation of both humour and serious point.) (iii) Eg, when Bdelycleon was trying to teach Philocleon how to recline gracefully at a symposium, Philocleon kept falling on his back in an awkward way. This reflected how unlikely it was that the older generation would adapt to the modern and frivolous ways of the younger generation. (ONE incident needed.) Any TWO points fully answerd or THREE points partially answerd. Any THREE points fully answerd or FOUR points partially answerd. FOUR points fully answered are required.