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Copyright © 2014 WasteZero 1 Won’t Illegal Dumping Increase? No. In Fact, It Will Probably Decrease. “Pay-As-You-Throw and illegal Dumping”, Econservation Institute Available at: http://www.paytnow.org/PAYT_FactSheet_IllegalDumping.pdf How Much Will Illegal Dumping Increase… BEFORE PAYT AFTER PAYT No problem at all0% Very slight21%43% Medium problem7% Large issue21%14% Huge problem7%0% Don’t know43%28% “Large issues” decreased. “Huge problems” disappeared. Illegal dumping is not only a non-issue in most PAYT communities, but in many, the number of illegal dumping incidents actually improved.
Copyright © 2014 WasteZero 2 Won’t Illegal Dumping Increase? No. According to Researchers and Academics… “There is no evidence that PAYT is cause of additional illegal dumping.” - The Cornell Waste Management Institute. Pay As You Throw for Large Municipalities. December 11, 2000, p 9. “There is no evidence that PAYT is cause of additional illegal dumping.” - The Cornell Waste Management Institute. Pay As You Throw for Large Municipalities. December 11, 2000, p 9. Increases in illegal dumping are rare and are generally very easy to manage. In the highly unlikely event that dumping increases, $1.1 million in annual savings will more than pay for the cleanup. “Over 75% to 85% of (illegal dumping) was non-residential in origin… The largest components were construction, demolition, and land-clearing… The only important component of household origin… bulky items such as mattresses, sofas, and appliances.” - The Reason Foundation. Variable-Rate or ‘Pay-as-you-throw’ Waste Management. 2002, p 16. “Over 75% to 85% of (illegal dumping) was non-residential in origin… The largest components were construction, demolition, and land-clearing… The only important component of household origin… bulky items such as mattresses, sofas, and appliances.” - The Reason Foundation. Variable-Rate or ‘Pay-as-you-throw’ Waste Management. 2002, p 16.
Copyright © 2014 WasteZero 3 Won’t Illegal Dumping Increase? No. According to Cities and Towns… “Many solid waste managers have expressed a fear that residents may resort to illegal dumping in commercial waste bins or public trash cans if charged a fee for waste disposal. Studies of communities… around the nation with PAYT programs indicate that increased illegal dumping is NOT a problem in most communities.” Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, “Pay-As-You-Throw Basics for Municipalities” “It was an instant success and all the things people said could happen and would happen – illegal dumping, throwing of trash across the city – never happened. We went from recycling 2% of our waste to 38% in one week.” Bob Moylan, 20-year Commissioner of Public Works, Worcester, MA Virtually all of the communities that report an increase of illegal dumping after implementing PAYT also report that illegal dumping returns to pre-PAYT levels within one to three months. Econservation Institute “Fact Sheet: Pay-As-You-Throw and Illegal Dumping” Universities nationwide, including Harvard and others, have studied the illegal dumping question. All have concluded: The experience does not support the concern. 1 1 Bender, Briggs, DeWitt. “Toward statewide unit pricing in Massachusetts: Influencing the Policy Cycle.” DSIA Discussion Paper 94-01; Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, January 1994. “In fact, illegal dumping is actually less of a problem now due to the provision of new services, including a free bulky waste collection and an annual hazardous household products collection day.” Bob Fiore, DPW, Worcester, MA Illegal dumping is a non-issue in the vast majority of PAYT communities. In fact, 75%-85% of illegal dumping is commercial material—not residential.
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