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 Elevation- An orthographic projection that shows the finished appearance of the side of a building and its vertical dimensions. Typically 4 are drawn.

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Presentation on theme: " Elevation- An orthographic projection that shows the finished appearance of the side of a building and its vertical dimensions. Typically 4 are drawn."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Elevation- An orthographic projection that shows the finished appearance of the side of a building and its vertical dimensions. Typically 4 are drawn (one for each side)

3  Required info Identification of the specific side of the house Grade level (ground) Finished floor/ceiling levels with dimensions Doors/windows Roof features Porches/decks/patios Materials (hatching) Landscaping

4  Elevation Dimensions

5 Prairie House Style (In a Cold Climate)

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9 Neo-Classical House Style (In a Tropical Climate)

10 Federal (Colonial) House Style

11  Typically the tops of the windows and doors are placed at the same height 6’-8” thru 6’-10” from the top of the subfloor  Show sufficient detail on windows and doors

12  Vertical dimensions are determined using the wall section

13  Walls, windows, and doors are located by projecting lines from the floor plan

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15  The exterior should be aesthetically pleasing, yet it has to withstand the elements (rain, wind, snow, sleet, sun, etc.)

16  Vinyl Siding- Made from: a PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plastic Pros: Inexpensive, won’t rot or peel and should last about 40 years. Easy to clean (with a hose). Available in a variety of colors and often looks like real wood. Cons: Nasty source of organic pollutants. Hard to recycle.

17  Fiber Cement- Inexpensive and popular. Made of cement, sand, wood fiber, additives, and water and typically looks like wood, stucco, or masonry Unlike most wood it’s insect-, water-, and fire-resistant; won’t rot or crack; and resists hail damage.

18  Stucco- Made from: Cement combined with water and inert materials such as sand and lime Pros: Survives well in harsh marine climates, is fire resistant, long lasting, can be tinted a variety of colors (no painting) Cons: Occasional need to repair cracks in the finish. Real stucco can be expensive Synthetic stucco is less expensive and less likely to crack

19  Wood Siding: Clapboard & Cedar Shingle- Real solid wood products that are more expensive, but better quality for finer homes (usually cedar, pine, spruce, redwood, cypress, or Douglas fir) With periodic care, wood siding will outlast vinyl and other pretenders Wood ClapboardCedar Shingle

20  Engineered Wood- Also called composite wood. Made with wood products and other materials (ex. oriented strand board, hardboard, and veneered plywood). Cheaper solution to real wood. Comes in panels that are easy and inexpensive to install. Does not look exactly like real wood, but is more natural than vinyl or aluminum.

21  Brick and Brick Veneer Siding- Made of fired clay, brick comes in a wide variety of earthy, eye- pleasing colors. Although it is expensive, brick is desirable because it can last centuries and is fireproof. Quality brick veneers are also attractive and durable, although they don't have the longevity of solid brick. Brick Brick Veneers

22  Stone Veneer Siding- Precast stone veneers and facings are more affordable than real stone. Can look like granite, limestone, slate, and other types of stone. Stone is the most durable of building materials and is weatherproof and fireproof.

23  Exposed Concrete- With ICF construction, homeowners are finding that they can save money and have a more durable home (Instead of traditional wood framing). Durable, compact, weather and fireproof. Can be painted. Heavy and can be expensive to build.

24  Material Combinations

25  Trim / Molding- Protects edges of house and adds detail to the exterior Comes in a variety of materials.

26  Trim / Molding- Protects edges of house and adds detail to the exterior Comes in a variety of materials.

27 Without trimWith trim

28  Shutters- Solid and stable hinged window coverings used to block light and protect windows from elements. Mostly, they are just decorative. Made out of vinyl, which is ideal for use outdoors, or wood, which is waterproofed with chemicals.

29  Gable Type Ventilators- Attic ventilation is necessary to reduce moisture condensation under the sheathing and cool the house interior during warm weather,

30  Resources: Kicklighter, Clois E. “Architecture: residential drawing and design.“ Illinois: The Goodheart-Wilcox Company, Inc;  Chapter 18: Elevations (pg.319) Exterior Building Materials  tm  /02/low-maintenance.html

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