2 Elevations Elevation- An orthographic projection that shows the finished appearance of the side of a building and its vertical dimensions. Typically 4 are drawn (one for each side)
3 Elevations Required info Identification of the specific side of the houseGrade level (ground)Finished floor/ceiling levels with dimensionsDoors/windowsRoof featuresPorches/decks/patiosMaterials (hatching)Landscaping
5 Elevations- Student Example Prairie House Style (In a Cold Climate)
6 Elevations- Student Example Prairie House Style (In a Cold Climate)
7 Elevations- Student Example Prairie House Style (In a Cold Climate)
8 Elevations- Student Example Prairie House Style (In a Cold Climate)
9 Elevations- Student Example Neo-Classical House Style (In a Tropical Climate)
10 Elevations- Student Example Federal (Colonial) House Style
11 Elevation RulesTypically the tops of the windows and doors are placed at the same height6’-8” thru 6’-10” from the top of the subfloorShow sufficient detail on windows and doors
12 Drawing An ElevationVertical dimensions are determined using the wall section
13 Drawing An ElevationWalls, windows, and doors are located by projecting lines from the floor plan
14 Drawing An ElevationWalls, windows, and doors are located by projecting lines from the floor plan
15 Exterior Building Materials The exterior should be aesthetically pleasing, yet it has to withstand the elements (rain, wind, snow, sleet, sun, etc.)
16 Exterior Building Materials Vinyl Siding-Made from: a PVC (polyvinyl chloride) plasticPros: Inexpensive, won’t rot or peel and should last about 40 years. Easy to clean (with a hose). Available in a variety of colors and often looks like real wood.Cons: Nasty source of organic pollutants. Hard to recycle.
17 Exterior Building Materials Fiber Cement-Inexpensive and popular. Made of cement, sand, wood fiber, additives, and water and typically looks like wood, stucco, or masonryUnlike most wood it’s insect-, water-, and fire-resistant; won’t rot or crack; and resists hail damage.
18 Exterior Building Materials Stucco-Made from: Cement combined with water and inert materials such as sand and limePros: Survives well in harsh marine climates, is fire resistant, long lasting, can be tinted a variety of colors (no painting)Cons: Occasional need to repair cracks in the finish. Real stucco can be expensiveSynthetic stucco is less expensive and less likely to crack
19 Exterior Building Materials Wood Siding: Clapboard & Cedar Shingle-Real solid wood products that are more expensive, but better quality for finer homes (usually cedar, pine, spruce, redwood, cypress, or Douglas fir)With periodic care, wood siding will outlast vinyl and other pretendersWood ClapboardCedar Shingle
20 Exterior Building Materials Engineered Wood-Also called composite wood. Made with wood products and other materials (ex. oriented strand board, hardboard, and veneered plywood). Cheaper solution to real wood.Comes in panels that are easy and inexpensive to install. Does not look exactly like real wood, but is more natural than vinyl or aluminum.
21 Exterior Building Materials Brick and Brick Veneer Siding-Made of fired clay, brick comes in a wide variety of earthy, eye- pleasing colors. Although it is expensive, brick is desirable because it can last centuries and is fireproof.Quality brick veneers are also attractive and durable, although they don't have the longevity of solid brick.Brick VeneersBrick
22 Exterior Building Materials Stone Veneer Siding-Precast stone veneers and facings are more affordable than real stone. Can look like granite, limestone, slate, and other types of stone.Stone is the most durable of building materials and is weatherproof and fireproof.
23 Exterior Building Materials Exposed Concrete-With ICF construction, homeowners are finding that they can save money and have a more durable home (Instead of traditional wood framing). Durable, compact, weather and fireproof. Can be painted.Heavy and can be expensive to build.
24 Exterior Building Materials Material Combinations
25 Exterior Accessories Trim / Molding- Protects edges of house and adds detail to the exteriorComes in a variety of materials.
26 Exterior Accessories Trim / Molding- Protects edges of house and adds detail to the exteriorComes in a variety of materials.
28 Exterior Accessories Shutters- Solid and stable hinged window coverings used to block light and protect windows from elements. Mostly, they are just decorative.Made out of vinyl, which is ideal for use outdoors, or wood, which is waterproofed with chemicals.
29 Exterior Accessories Gable Type Ventilators- Attic ventilation is necessary to reduce moisture condensation under the sheathing and cool the house interior during warm weather,
30 ResourcesResources:Kicklighter, Clois E. “Architecture: residential drawing and design.“ Illinois: The Goodheart-Wilcox Company, Inc; 1995.Chapter 18: Elevations (pg.319)Exterior Building Materialstm/02/low-maintenance.html