2Hunting HatI didn’t give a damn how I looked. Nobody was around anyway,”Now wears it for protection from outside elementsNo one around to ridicule himSymbol of his self-consciousness
3Holden’s Loneliness Conversation with Ernest Marrow’s mother Can’t communicate without lying“Then I started reading this timetable I had in my pocket. Just to stop lying. Once I get started, I can go on for hours if I feel like it. No kidding. Hours” (58).Lies to hide from realityExaggerates
4Tone Mrs. Morrow’s tone is maternal Holden speaks to her as an equal “Mothers are slightly insane,” (57).Lies to avoid disappointing her and to protect herThinking of his own mom?“Mother’s aren’t too sharp about that stuff,”(57).Stuff—knowing who their sons really are
5Holden’s Loneliness Wants to call someone 20 min in phone booth No one to reach out toAccidentally gives home addressWhere he want to go but can’t“’You know those ducks in that lagoon right near Central Park South? That little lake? By any chance, do you happen to know where they go, the ducks, when it freezes over?” (60).Digresses
6Reaction vs. Questions Not many people think about the ducks? It is an odd question?Is Holden being honest?It is not a normal thought?What is important to Holden is not important to other people?
7Intimacy verses Casual “I think if you don’t really like a girl, you shouldn’t horse around with her at all, and if you do like her, then you’re supposed to like her face, you ought to be careful about doing crumby stuff to it, like squirting water all over it. It’s really too bad that so much crumby stuff is a lot of fun sometimes” (62).Wants to share intimacy with a girl but maintain respect for themHas regards their feelings and emotionsSees sex as “dirty” doesn’t understand it
8Intimacy verses Casual He is nervous and uncomfortableRefers to the guests as perverts and screwballsUncomfortable and doesn’t understand sexuality“Sex is something I really don’t understand too hot. You never know where the hell you are. I keep making up these sex rules for myself, and then I break them right away” (63).
9Intimacy verses Casual Becomes sexually aroused and calls a stranger“Breaks his own sex rulesAccidentally gives real nameDeclines the offer to meet herIndicates Holden’s immaturity and imbalance- his inconsistencyChange in diction, pretentious
10Holden’s Loneliness Quest for Companionship Wants to call Phoebe A look into their relationship“You never saw a little kid so pretty and smart in your whole life” (67).Red hair like AlliePerson he can communicate withCompares her to himselfNarcissistic = compliment to Phoebe
11Holden’s Loneliness Sense of nostalgia “Hazel Weatherfield” “Wear white gloves and walk right between [him and Allie], like a lady and all”“You’d like her and old Phoebe. I swear to god you like her”Pleasant tone, wishes he could return to this time
12Holden’s Loneliness Quest for Companionship Lavender Room Realizes he’s out of placeNo one his ageID by waiter“Also, there were very few people around my age in the place. In fact, nobody was around my age” (69).Resents adults but keeps trying to be one
13Lack of Self-Awareness Refuses to acknowledge his behaviors or actions.Ridicules and critiques those around him.“The other two grools nearly had hysterics when we did. I certainly must’ve been very hard up to even bother with any of them” (70).Can’t accept societal norms and public valuesNo fulfillment from the situation so manipulates women for his amusement
14Lack of Self-Awareness Lavender RoomRefuse to serve himGirls mock and pity him“She kept asking me to call up my father and ask him what he was doing tonight” (75).Holden calls them phoniesHe sees the situation from a skewed point of viewThinks he’s matureNeeds to see his true self- confused and depressed kid
15Jane Represents childhood and innocence Makes Holden happy Feels more than sexual towards her- wants to protect her innocence“I really got to know her quite intimately. I don’t mean it was anything physical or anything- it wasn’t…You don’t always have to get too sexy to get to know a girl” (76).“I held hands with her all the time, for instance. That doesn’t sound like much, I realize, but she was terrific to hold hands with” (79).
16Jane Indicates their close bond “She was the only one, outside of my family, that I ever showed Allie’s mitt to” (77).Reveals an intense and intimate moment with her“Then, all of a sudden, this tear plopped down on the checkerboard…I don’t know why, but it bothered the hell out of me” (78-79).“The she really started to cry, and the next thing I knew, I was kissing her all over- anywhere…” (79).
17Jane Mirrors Holden’s situation and how he handles it “…I asked Jane what the hell was going on. She wouldn’t even answer me, then. She made out like she was concentrating on her next move…”(78)Holden won’t admit or turn to anyone for helpMay explain his preoccupation with Jane and wanting to talk to herHe wants to protect her
18Ernie’s“I think it’s because sometimes when he plays, he sounds like the kind of guy that won’t talk to you unless you’re a big shot.” (80)AssumptionHolden makes this conclusion based on the way Ernie plays the piano.
19Ducks Typical question by Holden, but a new piece of information “I mean does somebody come around in a truck or something and take them away, or do they fly away by themselves—go south or something?” (82)
20Ducks What is it that Holden is saying? Who is responsible for the well-being and safety of the ducks?Other people?The ducks themselves?
21Horowitz The cab driver Reaction “The fish don’t go no place. They stay right where they are, the fish. Right in the … lake.” (82)
22Horowitz“It’s tougher for the fish, the winter and all, than it is for the ducks…” (82)“If you was a fish, Mother Nature’d take care of you, wouldn’t she? Right? You don’t think them fish just die when it gets to be winter, do ya?” (83)
23Horowitz“They can’t just ignore the ice. They can’t just ignore it.” (82)Symbolism of ice?
24Holden’s Loneliness Desperate for companionship “Anyway, it made me feel depressed and lousy again, and I damn near got my coat back and went back to the hotel, but it was too early and I didn’t feel much like being alone” (84).He’s alone- the one out of placeRealizes it but doesn’t do anything about it“I certainly began to feel like a prize horse’s ass, though, sitting there all by myself” (86).
25Ernie’s“In a funny way, though, I felt sort of sorry for him when he was finished. I don’t even think he knows any more when he’s playing right or not. It isn’t all his fault. I partly blame all those dopes that clap their heads off-they’d foul up anybody, if you gave them a chance.” (84)Who truly do we feel sorry for?“if anybody gave them a chance?”Who gave him a chance?
26Ernie’s People are to blame “People are always ruining things for you.” (87)