2 Why are inherited traits and learned behaviors important to a cougar’s survival in their environment?Learned BehaviorInherited Traits1. The mom teaches the cubs to hunt.2. Cougars like to eat deer and elk but will adapt and eat something small like a porcupine if it has too.3. They have learned to climb trees to get away from hunting dogs(ranchers use dogs to hunt the cougars so they won’t kill the livestock)1. Back legs are longer, that allows them to jump up and sideways a long ways.2. Eyes are set close together to see far to catch prey.3. Cougars are born with spots for better camouflage,later their fur changes to a solid color.
3 Question and answer with evidence Hook/Question: Do you think we need to be born a certain way to live in an environment AND learn certain things to survive?Answer the hook question:I think we need both, and I also believe with the cougar’s changing environment, they also need both for their survival.Explain what readers will learn in the text: Cougars have back legs that are longer that help them jump high and far, and have really good eyesight. They learn from their mom’s how to hunt for food, and have also learned that if they don’t have the food they like nearby, they choose other animals to hunt.
4 Put all three together: Opening Paragraph Do you think we need to be born a certain way to live in our environment AND learn certain things to survive? I think we need both. I also believe that cougars need both to survive in their changing environment. Cougars have for the most part, been successful in this. First of all, cougars have back legs that are longer that help them jump high and far, and have really good eyesight. They also have learned that if they don’t have the food they like nearby, they choose other animals to hunt. Finally they learn from their mom’s how to hunt for food.
5 1st example with evidence Cougars have many inherited traits they have adapted in order to survive in their environment. One trait they have is longer back legs. This helps them to climb and have been known to jump as much as 30 feet! This helps them to more easily get their prey and also to escape animals hunting them.
6 2nd example with evidence Cougars also have learned behaviors that have helped them survive. It is also important that cougars learn to eat food, other than their usual diet of deer and elk. When humans start moving into the cougars feeding area, there is less food to eat. Cougars adapted to this by eating smaller food, like porcupines.Adapting to eat other food is an important learned behavior for survival.
7 3rd example with evidence Now you help me with the next one.A learned behavior is cougar moms teach their young to hunt.All animals need food and the mom only stays with a pup for 16 months. If they don’t learn how to hunt, they won’t eat, and they will die. Learning to hunt is an important part of a cougar’s life.
8 ConclusionThesis: Both learned behavior and inherited traits are needed for the cougar’s survival.Evidence: They have a body that is efficient in their habitat. In order for cougars to live they need to be able to eat, even when their food is scarce, and their mom teaches them to hunt.Strong Ending:Animals need both their inherited traits and their learned behaviors, especially when the habitat changes around them.Now help me write this into a conclusion.
9 Cougars: Ecology and Conservation, www. cougar fund, arizona Cougars: Ecology and Conservation, fund, arizona.sierraclub.org