Module 2, Lecture 8 PAF101 PAF 101 “The ability to follow directions is a mark of superior intelligence.“ - Reported by Carolyn Da Cunha
Class Agenda Announcements Dale Carnegie College Sucks Assignment
Competition Points As of 2/16/2015 Winners Group #Points 414 1512 1812 211 1211 1711 810 1310 19 69 119 149 38 58 108 168 77 95 Losers
Exercise 2.5 Use the 2010 census for population only Use 2013 estimates for the rest of the categories if 2010 data is not given on census quick-facts
Exercise 2.6 When stating your societal problem, make sure to use: Too little Too much Too low Too high
Things You Won’t Learn in School Rule 1: Life is not fair - get used to it! Rule 2: The world doesn't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself. Rule 3: You will NOT make $100,000 a year right out of college. You won't be a vice-president until you earn it.
Things You Won’t Learn in School Rule 4: If you think your professors are tough, wait till you get a boss. Rule 5: Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your Grandparents had a different word for burger flipping: they called it opportunity.
Things You Won’t Learn in School Rule 6: Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life HAS NOT. Rule 7: Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off. Rule 8: Be nice to nerds. Chances are you'll end up working for one.
Coplin on College Why College SUCKS!!! For you America And the American dream But it doesn’t have to suck for you Just listen
College Board Study Study entitled Education Pays 2007 states “higher education yields significant rewards to its recipient and society as a whole.” What is the College Board?
And What is the College Board? “College-for-all” mentality Our study “should motivate U.S. policy makers to work toward improving access to postsecondary education for all segments of the population.” Is this Love or Greed?
More on the College Board The CEO of the College Board makes about $900,000 a year! Total Revenue in 2010 = $659,809,288 Total Expenses in 2010 = $594,174,547 Total “profit” = $65,634,741
Good News for Society Higher levels of volunteer work, blood donations, voting Openness to others’ opinions Healthier, off of welfare More Good News
Bad News 65% of graduates have debt Average debt is $25,250 (2011), 5% more than what students owed in 2009 Growing college debt - In 1993, the average student debt was $12,100. Video on Higher Education (2 min) Note: There is widespread belief that colleges do very little to prepare students to be constructive citizens of society.
College As An Investment 35% of students graduate in four years and 53% in six years. It might make more sense to put money in a mutual fund. It’s very risky especially as the price goes up. Bad News
A Public Policy Investment Does it create economic growth? How much personal and public debt does it increase? What does it do for the poor? Bad News
Really Bad News Source: National Center for Education Statistics, 2010.
Lack of Job Preparation “90% of college graduates reported that their degree was useful in getting a job but did not prepare them with the necessary skills to succeed in the workplace” (Chronicle of Higher Education, October 15, 2004). 80% of employers say that students are not prepared for the workforce (Survey by Duffey Communications, 2005) Bad News
What students Learn in College? Not much academically “Prose” and “document” literacy has declined by about 25% from 1992 to 2003. Quantitative skills stayed the same at 31% proficient. “Graduate but Not Literate,” Inside Higher Education News, December 16, 2005 reporting on the U.S. Education Departments student entitled “The National Assessment of Adult Literacy.”
What does this mean? “Too many people are going to college…for most America’s young people, today’s college is a punishing anachronism.” Charles Murray
America’s Reality “We have set up a standard known as the B.A., stripped it of its traditional content, and made it an artificial job qualification. Then we stigmatize everyone that doesn’t get one.” Charles Murray
For You—This is Reality “A college degree and a dollar will get you four quarters.” Bill Coplin in 10 Things Employers Want You to Learn in College
Reduce the Riskiness of College Figure out X A College Degree + X = Career Success
Graduate School Sucks Too Unless required for job (e.g., Doctors and Lawyers but Law School Sucks) Unless you have at least 2 years experience after college Unless the program you take has high job placement that you can verify Universities are in business and you are the sales target.
Enough About You What does it mean for America? Is subsidizing college good public policy like the College Board claims?
Federal Policy Proposals to Make Higher Education Work for the Public Good –Ex. 6.2 1.Direct financial aid for students to where there are job shortages 2.Require Accountability for Learning Outcomes 3.Provide grants to colleges that give credit for extensive community-based learning One more policy…
Why So Much Support for College? The middle and upper middle class want it that way. In the name of helping all, we create four years of summer camp for the richest half of America In the name of equality, the middle and upper class get more subsidies
Assumptions for New Policy For you: College should be primarily for developing skills, character and career exploration For public policy: Federal spending on college should be about workforce preparation and not obtaining a college degree
Policy proposal at the federal, state and local level Warning to Prospective Students: No guarantee is implied that students will achieve the outcomes described in these materials. All educational investments carry risk. Success depends on individual performance and conditions outside the control of this institution.
Outside Speaker Announcement John Mandyck, chief sustainability officer, UTC Climate, Controls & Security Systems Bachelors in Policy Studies, Masters in Public Administration, ‘92 Controls & Security Systems is a unit of United Technologies Corp., a leading provider to the aerospace and building systems industries worldwide
What does he do? Assesses global environmental trends to guide product development, brand positioning and market opportunities. Leads the company's marketing and communications function. Serves on the Board of Directors of Urban Green Council, the U.S. Green Building Council's New York City Chapter, as well as the U.S. Department of Energy Appliance Standards Advisory Committee.
UTC Company transform schools into healthy, safe and productive learning environments through local service projects. ex. updating Illinois classrooms with environmentally friendly paint planting a garden at a Tennessee school Provider of building technologies that are safer, smarter and sustainable
He believes in climate change! HereHere he is at Carrier’s 2012 Global Engineering Conference briefly discussing the importance of sustainability. Other Articles http://www.usgbc.org/articles/getting- know-john-mandyck-united-technologies http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ 2015/01/150122-food-waste-climate- change-hunger/
For next class Should be finished with all exercises in chapter 2 and 3 by Friday Read Chapter 4 Module 2 due 12:45 on Friday, 2/20 http://classes.maxwell.syr.edu/paf101