3 The Loma Prieta Earthquake Magnitude 7.1 In 15 seconds... $7 billion property damage Displaced 12,000 people Destroyed 500 homes Damaged 18,000 others
4 The Loma Prieta Earthquake Magnitude 7.1 In 15 seconds... Damaged 2,600 businesses Destroyed 100 public buildings / businesses Injured 3,700 Killed 62 people The Pacific plate moved 6.2” NW and 4.3” upward over the North American plate
The Nisqually Earthquake February 28, 2001 We ain’t seen nothing yet!
6 Why Don’t People Prepare? No time, put it off, procrastinate Too busy, too lazy Don’t know what to do It won’t happen Not really important Costs too much The government will take care of me
7 Denial-- Four Stages STAGE ONE It won’t happen around here
8 Denial-- Four Stages STAGE ONE It won’t happen around here STAGE TWO If it happens around here, it won’t be that bad
9 Denial-- Four Stages STAGE ONE It won’t happen around here STAGE TWO If it happens around here, it won’t be that bad STAGE THREE If it’s that bad, it won’t happen to me
10 Denial-- Four Stages STAGE ONE It won’t happen around here STAGE TWO If it happens around here, it won’t be that bad STAGE THREE If it’s that bad, it won’t happen to me STAGE FOUR If it happens to me, it will be so bad I’ll be dead anyway, so why prepare!
The Bottom Line How well you do after a disaster depends on what you did before
14 What Can I Do to Prepare? Know What to Expect -- it’s not just earthquakes Know What to Do -- where and when Make a Plan -- for yourself and your family Make a Kit -- for home, work and vehicle
15 Know What to Expect Natural Disasters Wind storms Floods Extreme heat or cold Landslides Volcanic Eruptions Earthquakes
16 Know What To Expect Technological Disasters Power outages Riots Fires Hazardous materials spill Nuclear release or explosion Worker strike
17 What Could It Be Like? No utilities -- electricity, natural gas, water (and no cable TV!!!) No telephones Roads blocked No public transportation No banking services (ATMs need power)
18 What Could It Be Like? No gasoline (gas pumps need power) Restaurants, motels, grocery stores unable to open (long lines if they can) Price gouging (if commodities are available)
19 Where Will Your Family Be? Together at home Together, but away from home Separated -- parents at work, kids at school “Stuck” somewhere -- on the highway, at the mall, in a doctor’s office, at a restaurant
You must be self-sufficient, wherever you are located for at least three days.
21 Know What to Do When the Shaking Begins Drop, cover and hold on. Stay away from windows. If inside, stay inside. If in bed, stay in bed. Protect head. If outdoors, drop to the ground. Find a clear spot away from buildings, trees and power lines. If in a vehicle, slow down and drive to a clear place. Stay in the vehicle.
22 Know What to Do After the Shaking Stops Check yourself for injuries. Put on sturdy shoes and work gloves. Check others for injuries. Give first aid. Look for and extinguish small fires. Eliminate fire hazards. Turn off the gas ONLY if you smell it or hear it.
23 Know What to Do After the Shaking Stops Listen to the radio for instructions Expect aftershocks. Take cover each time you feel one. Inspect your home for damage. Get everyone out if home is unsafe. Stay off the phone unless it is an emergency.
24 Make a Family Plan Talk about what could happen. Discuss escape and evacuation plans and care of pets. Find safe spots in your home. Teach and involve your children. Pick two places to meet - at home, away from home. Pick an out-of-area contact.
25 Put Your Plan into Action Learn first aid and CPR Learn how to turn off utilities Teach other family members Stock emergency supplies Install and maintain smoke detectors Safeguard important documents Check insurance coverage
26 Make a Disaster Kit Home, Work, Vehicle Include everything you would need for a three-day wilderness trip Purchase or assemble Customize, customize, customize! Include medications and other special needs Main kit at home, mini kits for work and car Pets are family too!
27 What to Include Gourmet cuisine? Water -- 1 gallon, per person, per day Warm clothing Sleeping bags/blankets First Aid kit Emergency tools -- wrench, crowbar
28 What to Include Radio / batteries Flashlights / batteries TP and Hefty bags Medications, special needs Money Corded phone