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Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 1 FTTH/FTTP/FTTC/FTTx Current Status of Fiber To The User Created By Jim Hayes, VDV Academy For The Fiber Optic Association Presented at The NECA Show, Boston, 2006
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 2 What is FTTx? FTTH: fiber to the home FTTP: fiber to the premises FTTC: fiber to the curb FTTN: Fiber to the node FTTx: for those who can’t decide what to call it or are referring to all varieties!
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 3 What is FTTx? Mostly a telco issue –Telcos have many aging cable plants –CATV companies have HFC networks in place –Competitive carriers now install own fiber –Telcos fighting for exclusive rights
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 4 Who Competes With Telcos In Implementing FTTx? Municipalities Utilities CLECs Private companies Battleground for telcos and CATV companies
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 5 Where is the fiber? Where is the bulk of telephone cabling? –10% is long distance –10% is local loop (metropolitan) –80% is subscriber loop Long distance and local loop are virtually all fiber Is FTTx just completing the system?
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 6 Why FTTx? Why Now? Telcos are suffering with aging copper cable plants Telcos are losing broadband customers to CATV and landline customers to cell phones and VoIP New services are becoming available to enhance revenue - and customers demand them Regulations changed sharing issues New technology (PON) and cheaper components makes FTTx cheaper
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 7 Why FTTx? Why Now? Many telcos are realizing that the alternatives to FTTx are inadequate for future bandwidth needs: –DSL won’t have the bandwidth –Wireless won’t have the bandwidth –BPL won’t have the bandwidth Eventually they will have to go FTTx, so why put off the inevitable?
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 8 Who Wants FTTx? Homeowners: for high speed Internet access and video downloads Home Builders: FTTx adds value (and profit) to their homes Hardware Providers Service Providers: IPTV, HDTV, video on demand
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 9 FTTx is gaining momentum US: 6 million homes passed (Jan, ‘06) 1,000,000 connected Still a drop in the bucket! Data from Render, Vanderslice and Associates, 2006
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 10 What’s In It For Contractors? Contractors are doing FTTx installs for Verizon and others While few electrical contractors do residential electrical, homes with structured cabling offer double the work and potential profit! FTTx will affect the commercial fiber market - fiber is cheaper!
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 11 FTTx Cost Breakdown
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 12 FTTx Architectures Home run - fiber from CO to every home Active star - local switch then fiber to every home Passive optical network (PON) - use splitter near customer share fiber to CO WDM PON - PON but with each customer having a specified wavelength All based on standard SM fiber
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 13 FTTx Architecture Home Run
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 14 FTTx Architecture Active Star Network
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 15 FTTx Architecture Passive Optical Network (PON)
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 16 FTTx Alternative Fiber To The Curb
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 17 FTTP BPON Architecture (Verizon)
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 18 FTTx PON Network Special Components - Distribution Hub
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 19 FTTx PON Network Special Components - Splice Closure
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 20 FTTx PON Network Special Components - Optical Network Terminal
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 21 FTTx Is Driving Residential Cabling Driven by FTTH, building codes, customer demand and builder profits More diverse than commercial cabling –Internet –CATV coax –Home theater –Intercom –Security TIA 570A+
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 22 The FOA Supports FTTx New certification for FTTx techs Training program and reference materials for FOA- approved schools Helping recruit FTTx techs
Fiber Optic Association & VDV Academy ©2006 23 For more information, contact: The Fiber Optic Association, Inc. 1119 S Mission Road #355, Fallbrook, CA 92028 Tel: 1-760-451-3655 Fax: 1-781-207-2421 www.thefoa.org info@ thefoa.org
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