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November 10, 2009 Topic: “Adults of the future” Language focus: ‘will’ for predictions & review of tenses Pronunciation: contractions of ‘will’

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Presentation on theme: "November 10, 2009 Topic: “Adults of the future” Language focus: ‘will’ for predictions & review of tenses Pronunciation: contractions of ‘will’"— Presentation transcript:

1 November 10, 2009 Topic: “Adults of the future” Language focus: ‘will’ for predictions & review of tenses Pronunciation: contractions of ‘will’

2 Look at the number and answer the question: 3009 What does it refer to? Now put the following words into two lists: 1.Topics children might talk about 2.Topics adults might talk about

3

4 Adults of the future: British kids predict how lives will change in the next 1,000 years

5 1. ‘Mobile phones will be everywhere. Everyone will have one in their pocket.’ James, ‘You won’t have to get dressed. You’ll just put this thing around your neck, press a button and your clothes will drop down.’ Nicholas, 9 3. ‘Everybody will be dead in the next 1,000 years – or they’ll be really old. ’ Rachael, ‘All our pets will have computers so we’ll be able to talk to them and understand them.’ Kelly, 7 5. ‘There will be lots of robots everywhere and they’ll get really angry and eat us all – or most of us. They will do all the work.’ Joseph, 7 6. ‘We’ll live in tall buildings miles high.’ Rosie, 7 7. ‘We’ll have houses made of chocolate.’ Paul, 8 8. ‘We’ll have time machines, so instead of going on holiday to Spain we’ll go to another time.’ Jessica, 8 Chocolate houses Clothes Mobile phones Tall buildings Pets Time travel Robots Environment

6 1. ‘Mobile phones will be everywhere. Everyone will have one in their pocket.’ James, ‘You won’t have to get dressed. You’ll just put this thing around your neck, press a button and your clothes will drop down.’ Nicholas, 9 3. ‘Everybody will be dead in the next 1,000 years. The air and the land will be too horrible. ’ Rachael, ‘All our pets will have computers so we’ll be able to talk to them and understand them.’ Kelly, 7 5. ‘There will be lots of robots everywhere and they’ll get really angry and eat us all – or most of us. They will do all the work.’ Joseph, 7 6. ‘We’ll live in tall buildings miles high.’ Rosie, 7 7. ‘We’ll have houses made of chocolate.’ Paul, 8 8. ‘We’ll have time machines, so instead of going on holiday to Spain we’ll go to another time.’ Jessica, 8 Chocolate houses Clothes Mobile phones Tall buildings Pets Time travel Robots Environment

7 Focus on language 1 Read the sentence and answer the questions: ‘We will live in tall buildings miles high’ (Rosie) 1.Is Rosie talking about the past, present or future? 2.Does Rosie know this is true, or is she guessing? 3.Does Rosie want this to happen? a) yesb) noc) doesn’t say

8 Answers 1.Is Rosie talking about the past, present or future? future (next 1,000 years) 2.Does Rosie know this is true, or is she guessing? she is guessing 1.Does Rosie want this to happen? a) yesb) noc) doesn’t say (she is expressing an opinion)

9 Robots ___ ___ ___ all the work Active grammar 1 We ____ live in Robots _____ tall buildings ___ all the work We _____ ____ live in tall buildings + - Our pets ___ ___ ____ computers Our pets ______ _____ computers ____ we ____ in tall buildings? ? ____ robots ____ all the work? ____ our pets ____ computers?

10 Robots WON’T DO all the work Active grammar We WILL live in Robots WILL tall buildings DO all the work We WON’T live in tall houses + - Our pets WON’T HAVE computers Our pets WILL HAVE computers WILL we LIVE in tall buildings? ? WILL robots DO all the work? WILL our pets HAVE computers?

11 Focus on language 2 Use will/won’t + inf. for _________________ What’s the difference between ‘going to’ and ‘will/won’t’ for predictions? The future of there is/are is ____ _____ ____ The future of ‘can’ is _____ _____ _____ to + inf. and NOT ______ ______

12 Answers Use will/won’t + inf. for FUTURE PREDICTIONS ‘Going to’ refers to predictions based on current evidence whereas ‘will’ refers to predictions based on personal opinions The future of there is/are is THERE WILL BE The future of ‘can’ is WILL BE ABLE TO + inf. and NOT WILL CAN

13 More language analysis Use ‘will’ to talk about:  future facts/predictions (no arrangement/no intention)  to express the speaker’s opinion, assumption, speculation about the future  we use will in this meaning in sentences that begin with: I’m sure, I think, I don’t think, I expect, I suppose, I doubt, probably, perhaps Examples: ‘Do you think Carla will pass her test?’ ‘Yes, I’m sure she will’ ‘I expect I’ll see him again soon’ In the above examples we’re just saying what will happen or what we think will happen. We’re predicting the future (=we’re making a forecast of what we think will happen)

14 Listening practice 1 a) Listen to the introduction to a radio programme. Then answer the following question: Why is positive thinking good for you?

15 Answer Because people who are positive: enjoy life more are healthier get better more quickly when they’re ill live, on average, 9 years longer than pessimistic people

16 Listening practice 1 b) Try to guess the missing words in these tips (=suggestions). Then listen and check your answers. Tips Caller 1 Live in the __________, not in the ___________. Caller 2 Think _________ thoughts, not ___________ ones. Caller 3 Dont’s spend a lot of time reading the________ or watching the _______ on TV. Caller 4 Every week make a list of all the ________ ______ that happened to you. Caller 5 Try to use _________ ________ when you speak to other people.

17 Answers Caller 1 – Live in the present, not in the past Caller 2 – Think positive thoughts, not negative ones Caller 3 – …reading the papers or watching the news on TV Caller 4 – …a list of all the good things that … Caller 5 – Try to use positive language when…

18 THE PESSIMIST’S PHRASE BOOK YOU THE PESSIMIST We’re having the party in the garden I’m doing my driving test tomorrow We’re meeting Ana & Daniel at 7.00 I’m having my first skiing lesson today My brother has a new girlfriend I lent James some money yesterday I’m going to see a film tonight in English We’re going to drive to the city centre My team are playing in the cup tonight I’m catching the 7.30 train NOW LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR ANSWERS! It _____ You _____ They ______ You ______ It _______ He _______ You ______ They ______ You ______

19 THE PESSIMIST’S PHRASE BOOK YOU THE PESSIMIST We’re having the party in the garden I’m doing my driving test tomorrow We’re meeting Ana & Daniel at 7.00 I’m having my first skiing lesson today My brother has a new girlfriend I lent James some money yesterday I’m going to see a film tonight in English We’re going to drive to the city centre My team are playing in the cup tonight I’m catching the 7.30 train It’LL RAIN You WON’T PASS They’LL BE LATE You’LL BREAK YOUR LEG It WON’T LAST He WON’T PAY YOU BACK You WON’T UNDERSTAND A WORD You WON’T FIND A PARKING SPACE They’LL LOSE You’LL MISS IT

20 Review of tenses: present, past, future I WAS ONLY DREAMING…

21 You’re going to listen to a psychoanalyst talking to a patient about his dreams. Number the pictures 1 to 6 in the correct order.

22 Answers Party 1 Champagne 2 Flowers 3 Violin player 4 Owl 5 Feet 6

23 Listening practice 3: fill the gaps D= Doctor P= Patient D: So tell me, what did you dream about? P: I was at a party, there were a lot of people. D: What ______ they ______ ? P: They were _______ and ______. D: Were you drinking? P: Yes, I ______ _______ champagne. D: And then what _______? P: Then, suddenly I _______ in a garden. There ______ a lot of flowers… D: Flowers, yes… what kind of flowers?

24 (Cont’d) P: I _______ really see – it was dark. And I ______ hear music – somebody _______ _______ the violin. D : The violin? Go on. P: And then I _______ an owl, a big owl in a tree… D: How ______ you _______? Were you frightened? P: No, not frightened really, no, but I _______ I felt very cold. Especially my feet – they were freezing. And then I _______ _________. D: Your feet? Mmm, very interesting, very interesting indeed. P: So what _____ it ______, doctor?

25 Answers D: So tell me, what did you dream about? P: I was at a party, there were a lot of people. D: What WERE they DOING? P: They were DRINKING and TALKING. D: Were you drinking? P: Yes, I WAS DRINKING champagne. D: And then what HAPPENED? P: Then, suddenly I WAS in a garden. There WERE a lot of flowers… D: Flowers, yes… what kind of flowers?

26 (Cont’d) P: I COULDN’T really see – it was dark. And I COULD hear music – somebody WAS PLAYING the violin. D: The violin? Go on. P: And then I SAW an owl, a big owl in a tree… D: How DID you FEEL? Were you frightened? P: No, not frightened really, no, but I REMEMBER I felt very cold. Especially my feet – they were freezing. And then I WOKE UP. D: Your feet? Mmm, very interesting, very interesting indeed. P: So what DOES it MEAN, doctor?

27 Active grammar 2: choose the correct example+use Tense Example Use 1.Present simple 2.Present continuous 3.Past simple 4.Past continuous 5.Going to+infinitive 6.Will/won’t + infinitive I was drinking champagne – You’ll have a meeting with your boss – I saw an owl – You’re going to meet a lot of people – You work in an office – I’m meeting her tonight A: future plans and predictionsB: Finished actions in the past C: Things happening now, or plans for a fixed time/place D: Things that happen always or usually E: Future predictions F: Actions that were in progress at a past time

28 Answers 1.Present simple You work in an office D 2.Present continuous I’m meeting her tonight C 3.Past simple I saw an owl B 4.Past continuous I was drinking champagne F 5.Going to+infinitive You’re going to meet a lot of people A 6.Will/won’t + infinitive You’ll have a meeting with your boss E

29 Pronunciation Listen and repeat - copy the rythm I’ll I’ll be late I’ll be late for work You’ll You’ll break You’ll break your leg She’ll She’ll miss She’ll miss the train It’ll It’ll rain It’ll rain tomorrow They’ll They’ll lose They’ll lose the match

30 Further reflection on language You can find explanations and further practice in “ Working with Grammar Gold” (Longman) – Unit 13.2 (section c.= will for predictions)


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