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SHARKFEST '08 | Foothill College | March 31 - April 2, 2008 Exposing VoIP problems with Wireshark April 2, 2008 Sean Walberg Network Guy | Canwest SHARKFEST.

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Presentation on theme: "SHARKFEST '08 | Foothill College | March 31 - April 2, 2008 Exposing VoIP problems with Wireshark April 2, 2008 Sean Walberg Network Guy | Canwest SHARKFEST."— Presentation transcript:

1 SHARKFEST '08 | Foothill College | March 31 - April 2, 2008 Exposing VoIP problems with Wireshark April 2, 2008 Sean Walberg Network Guy | Canwest SHARKFEST '08 Foothill College March 31 - April 2, 2008

2 Voice is just another application

3 SHARKFEST '08 | Foothill College | March 31 - April 2, 2008 Without tools, VoIP is a black box

4 Wireshark has tools to analyze VoIP

5 The Agenda 1. Capturing VoIP traffic 2. Using the basic Wireshark tools 3. Digging into the signaling traffic 4. Analyzing the RTP traffic

6 About you

7 About me

8 1. Capture the VoIP traffic

9 Location, Location, Location

10 Just a simple network

11 The signaling traffic takes a different path from the RTP traffic Voice Signaling

12 Or, it might do this Voice Signaling

13 Same conversation, different perspectives Here you see B – A jitter, but not A - B Here you see A – B jitter, but not B - A

14 NAT changes the address Src=A Dst=B Src=C Dst=D The address changes within the cloud!

15 Set your capture filters

16 By the way… If the signaling or the voice is encrypted, you won’t be able to decode it. Sorry.

17 2. Use the basic tools

18 The Packet List window

19 Summaries are displayed here

20 Quality of Service for VoIP networks

21 Add a column for DSCP Insert -> Preferences User Interface->Columns Signaling Tagged RTP Untagged RTP

22 Use color to show QoS problems View -> Coloring Rules

23 Are you running a proprietary PBX? Edit -> Properties, Protocols -> RTP

24 Use the Packet Details pane to see what’s inside the packet

25 3. Dig into the signaling traffic

26 Signaling protocols  SIP (from the IETF)  H.323 (from the ITU)  MGCP  IAX  SS7 (Telco)  GSM (Telco/Cell)  SCCP (Cisco Skinny)  Vendor specific

27 The role of signaling  Indicate to the remote end that a call is coming  Establish the codec to be used for voice  Establish the addresses of the endpoints  Get out of the way  Tear down the connection once it’s done

28 The 10,000 foot view of SIP Statistics -> SIP

29 Demo – VoIP Call Statistics

30 4. Analyze the RTP traffic

31 The properties of RTP  RTP simulates the real time voice normally carried over a wire  4KHz voice bandwidth = 8KHz sampling rate (Nyquist)  8 bits/sample * 8KHz = 64,000bps (DS0)  A Codec (G.711u/A law, G.729, G.726, etc)  Most codecs use 20ms voice samples = 50pps  Even with compression, you have a fairly consistent packet rate, only the size changes

32 Three factors that affect voice quality Latency <= 150ms (one way) Jitter <= 20ms Packet loss <= 0.1%

33 Latency <= 150ms (one way) Hi, how are you? Hello? Oops, sorry, go ahead Fine, I oh hello, go ahead Path delay Serialization delay Jitter buffer, Transcoding delay

34 Packet Loss <= 0.1% Hi Bo *POP* How *POP*e you? Hi Bo How you?

35 Jitter <= 20ms Better late than never? No.

36 Demo – RTP Statistics

37 Optional – IO Statistics

38 Optional – Other things you can do to monitor VoIP

39 That’s it! I’m Links related to this talk: I’m Links related to this talk:


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