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9 – IMPACT Plus - The Skills: TEACHING THE SKILLS Recommended method is the “4x4 System”  Includes four Key Principles of Teaching:  Demonstrate  Teach.

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Presentation on theme: "9 – IMPACT Plus - The Skills: TEACHING THE SKILLS Recommended method is the “4x4 System”  Includes four Key Principles of Teaching:  Demonstrate  Teach."— Presentation transcript:

1 9 – IMPACT Plus - The Skills: TEACHING THE SKILLS Recommended method is the “4x4 System”  Includes four Key Principles of Teaching:  Demonstrate  Teach  Observe  Reinforce  Use a series of Key Skill Principles to:  Demonstrate the entire skill, and  Then teach it, with emphasis on each “chunk” or Key Principle in turn  Then observe players performing the whole skill, and  Then reinforce their performance with specific & positive feedback/feed-forward on each Key Principle or “chunk” of the skill, one at a time.  For each skill identify 4 Key Principles (or “chunks”) to be demonstrated, and then taught one at a time (first “4” of the 4x4 formula).  For each skill identify 4 Key Principles (or “chunks”) to be demonstrated, and then taught one at a time (first “4” of the 4x4 formula).  For each Key create set of 4 Verbal Cues - shorthand reminders; to be memorable & meaningful, each Cue should be 4 -5 words long, & create a vivid picture.  Cues may need to vary, depending on what is meaningful to each player, to visualize & perform a specific skill correctly. Think of alternate ways to say the same thing; may need to try several Cues with athlete until makes sense & they “get it”. Manual Page 115 Slide #135

2 9 – IMPACT Plus - The Skills: TEACHING THE SKILLS Manual Page 115 Slide #136 The 4x4 formula represented in chart form:  Use chart as a template to develop Keys and Cues for use with your own team.  Following pages will present some suggested Keys & Cues to help get you started.  Write your own to create the correct mental pictures for your athletes.  Write your own to create the correct mental pictures for your athletes.  One of simplest, most concise & meaningful Cues is to say, “Do This!”, while providing a good demonstration. 4 x 4 System Key Principle 1 Key Principle 2 Key Principle 3 Key Principle 4 Verbal Cue 1.1 Verbal Cue 2.1 Verbal Cue 3.1 Verbal Cue 4.1 Verbal Cue 1.2 Verbal Cue 2.2 Verbal Cue 3.2 Verbal Cue 4.2 Verbal Cue 1.3 Verbal Cue 2.3 Verbal Cue 3.3 Verbal Cue 4.3 Verbal Cue 1.4 Verbal Cue 2.4 Verbal Cue 3.4 Verbal Cue 4.4

3 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Attacking Skills – Mechanics 4 KEY PRINCIPLES:  Always get available & be prepared to attack  Slow to Fast approach steps and jump off 2 feet  Swing both arms from high behind, forward & up on takeoff  Rotate shoulders, the elbow, and contact the ball at full arm extension Manual Page 116 Photos Courtesy of FIVB Slide #137

4 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Attacking Skills – Errors NOT complete list, but SOME errors…  Swing TIMING errors  One foot takeoff – unless performing a “slide” approach  Fist instead of open hand  Elbow drops into ‘shot put’ action  Starting approach too early or too late If an error is observed many times, THEN give the athlete more info… Manual Page 116 Slide #138

5 After repeated errors, may provide more info…  Quick approach  Step-close into the jump  Swing both arms from high behind to in front  Faster swing = harder hit  Swing through the ball  Land on both feet Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Attacking Skills – More Details Photo Courtesy of FIVB Slide #139

6 4 KEY PRINCIPLES:  Ready position with feet apart, knees bent & hands over thighs  Move to Ball, arrive early, feet staggered & balanced, square to target  Ball shaped Hands with fingers in front & above forehead  Extend arms & fingertips follow the ball into extension to target Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Overhead Passing Skills – Mechanics Courtesy of FIVB Courtesy of Bill Kaufman Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Slide #140 POLL QUESTION #5

7 Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Overhead Passing Skills – Errors Courtesy of FIVB Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Courtesy of Bill Hamiter Slide #141 Some repeated errors coaches may observe:  Palms touching the ball  Too little hand/too few fingers on the ball  Non-extension of follow-through  Not facing the target when receiving the ball  Contacting the ball below the forehead

8 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Overhead Passing Skills – More Details Manual Page 119 If repeated errors are observed, supply more info:  Staggered foot position, knees bent with feet, hips and shoulders square to target  See under the ball  Beat the ball to the net  Elbows bent and fingers relaxed  Contact ball above forehead  Extend through the ball to target Courtesy of FIVB Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Slide #122

9 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Serving Skills – Mechanics Manual Page KEY PRINCIPLES:  Ready with opposite foot forward, knees bent & toe to target  Lift toss low, in front/in line with hitting shoulder and consistent (floor floaters)  Swing elbow high with a rigid wrist/hand  Contact back of ball with palm to target Courtesy of FIVB Slide #141

10 Courtesy of USOC 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Serving Skills – Errors Manual Page 120 Possible errors coaches may observe:  Knuckles or uneven surface contacts ball  Floppy wrist on contact  Toss is too low to hit  Inconsistent toss  Same foot forward  Contacting ball only with fingers Slide #124

11 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Serving Skills – More Details Manual Page 121 If repeated errors observed, supply more info:  Underhand serve – contact ball below waist  Pick a target  Transfer weight from back to front  Contact with closed, half-open or open hand  Fast swing = deep serves, slow swing = short serves  Follow through to target  Serve and run to defense Photos Courtesy of Bill Hamiter Slide #125

12 Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Forearm Passing Skills – Mechanics 4 KEY PRINCIPLES:  Ready to move, weight forward, feet wide, knees bent and chest down  Make platform and contact the ball above the wrists  Outside body, drop inside shoulder, “eyes on elbows” must see target  Finish, freeze and rebound the ball to target Photos by Bill Kauffman Courtesy of FIVB Slide #142

13 Possible errors coaches may observe:  Standing too upright  Getting ready too late– ball too close  Contacting ball on hands or wrists  Platform made with crossed thumbs  Too much arm swing or platform motion  Bent elbows Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Forearm Passing Skills – Errors Courtesy of FIVB Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Courtesy of NCAA Slide #127

14 Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Forearm Passing Skills – More Details If repeated errors observed, supply more info:  Balanced, straddle position with one foot forward  Form platform with elbows extended & close together, thumbs together & wrists toward floor  Platform out early  Contact low, waist level at midline of body  Bend knees and transfer weight forward toward target  Two arms on the ball, whenever possible  Drop inside shoulder when ball is outside body Courtesy of FIVB Slide #128

15 4 KEY PRINCIPLES:  Ready position with knees bent, hands up in front and ready to move  Use proper footwork to slide along net & front the hitter  Watch Approach & jump after hitter jumps  Penetrate the plane of the net with palms facing into the court Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Blocking Skills – Mechanics Courtesy of Bill Hamiter Slide #143

16 9 – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Blocking Skills – Errors Possible errors coaches may observe:  Eyes closed when blocking  Not penetrating the net  Hands/body facing out of bounds  Jumping forward or swinging arms into net  Watching the ball – jumping early/late  Arms too wide  Positioned in wrong place Manual Page 124 Courtesy of USOC Slide #130

17 Courtesy of USOC If repeated errors observed, supply more info:  Watch the hitter not the ball – jump on the swing  Ball-Setter-Ball-Hitter  Take away the hitter’s best shot  Channel or deflect the ball into your court  Bend the knees and slightly at waist  Block the ball on the opponent’s side  Keep hands in front of ball as long as possible Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Skills: Blocking Skills – More Details Slide #131

18 Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Systems: Implementing a System  Serve Receive  Get your best passers passing where most balls are served  Receive Offense  Cover the Hitter then Switch to specialty  Base Defense  Visual Keys for Transition to Defense  Play Defense Courtesy of FIVB Slide #144 POLL QUESTION #6

19  Get best athletes setting  Most basic front row offenses (6-6, 6-3)  Most basic back row offenses (6-6, 6-3)  Intermediate front row offenses (Am./Int. 4-2)  Most advanced offenses (6-2, 5-1) Manual Pages – IMPACT Plus- The Systems: Basic Offensive Systems Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Slide #145

20 General offensive considerations:  Four ways to gain a lead in rally scoring  Ace  Transition attack  Stuff block  Opponent error TRAIN in REALITY! And the REALITY is… Lower skill levels = more points scored on aces and unforced errors Higher skill levels = more points scored on blocking and transition Manual Page 131 Photos Courtesy of FIVB Slide # – IMPACT Plus- The Systems: Basic Offensive Systems POLL QUESTION #7

21 Specific offensive considerations:  Attempt tactically only what you can execute technically!  Player skill and experience?  Setter ability?  Hitter ability?  Passing consistency?  Practice time & space available?  Balance what’s needed to win at this level while building for the next! Manual Page Photos Courtesy of FIVB Slide # – IMPACT Plus- The Systems: Basic Offensive Systems

22  Get best blockers blocking in zones where opponents attack from most often  Put your best diggers in areas most often attacked into  Player-Up Defenses = good vs. Teams that don’t hit hard or deep, but who do tip often  Player-Back Defenses = good vs. teams that hit hard/deep but who don’t tip much  Blocker Systems – what do opponents “deserve”?  Hitter Coverage Systems (“offensive rebounds”) Manual Page – IMPACT Plus- The Systems: Basic Defensive Systems Courtesy of USOC Slide #148

23 Credits and Acknowledgments USAV Education would like to extend our thanks to the following INDIVIDUALS for their work on this project:  Don Burroughs  Cody Chamberlain  Diana Cole  Kathy DeBoer  John Kessel  Andy Pai  Chris Pickett  Stu Sherman  Carlee Wolfe Photo Courtesy of Bill Kauffman Slide #149

24 USAV Education would like to credit the following PHOTOGRAPHERS for their contributions to this project:  AVP  FIVB  USOC  Bill Kauffman  USAV Staff (B. Kauffman, J. Kessel, D. Cole, M. Podschweit) MORE Credits and Acknowledgments Slide #150

25 USA Volleyball Education Webinars  If you’d like more information, be sure to look for upcoming opportunities to take one of the Instructional Webinars or On-Demand Modules conducted by USAV Education during  Each carries minimum of one CAP Module Credit toward re-certification! Check often for new Webinars, CAP Modules or CAP Certification Courses at: Check often for new Webinars, CAP Modules or CAP Certification Courses at: Slide #151

26 GREAT Planning Resource for Volleyball Coaches! Check out Rotate123.com and get your special USAV Coach DISCOUNT ! GREAT Planning Resource for Volleyball Coaches! Check out Rotate123.com and get your special USAV Coach DISCOUNT! Rotate123.com Slide #152

27 Conclusion & Questions Photos Courtesy of FIVB Slide #153

28 Thanks for Attending this USA Volleyball IMPACT Clinic! Congratulations! You Are Now An IMPACT Certified Coach! Thanks for Attending this USA Volleyball IMPACT Clinic! Congratulations! You Are Now An IMPACT Certified Coach! Don’t forget to pick up your certificate and to let your Region Office and Club Director know you have received your certification at this Clinic! Now think about attending a USAV –CAP Level I Course! Slide #154


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