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Zero, One, Infinity… Prof. K.V.K. Nehru Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, India 2003

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Some Outstanding Achievements Some Outstanding Achievements Unification of the fundamental forces (motions) of the physical universe and the Unification of the fundamental forces (motions) of the physical universe and the Explanation of the origin and the peculiar characteristics of Electricity, Magnetism and Gravitation; Explanation of the origin and the peculiar characteristics of Electricity, Magnetism and Gravitation; Explanation of the propagation of Radiation without any medium; Explanation of the propagation of Radiation without any medium; Explanation of how the parts of Atom hold together; Explanation of how the parts of Atom hold together; Elucidation of the nature of the Physical States of Matter; Elucidation of the nature of the Physical States of Matter; Theoretical computation of the physical and chemical Property Values of Solids and Liquids Theoretical computation of the physical and chemical Property Values of Solids and Liquids Discovery of the Time Region and the rational resolution of the Quantum Paradoxes like the > Wave-Particle duality, > Non-locality, > States of Negative Energy, > Tunneling, etc.; Discovery of the Time Region and the rational resolution of the Quantum Paradoxes like the > Wave-Particle duality, > Non-locality, > States of Negative Energy, > Tunneling, etc.; Logical Explanation of the Galactic Recession Logical Explanation of the Galactic Recession Explanation of the origin and characteristics of > White-Dwarf Red-Giant combination, > Planetary Systems, > Globular Clusters, > Pulsars, > Quasars, etc.; Explanation of the origin and characteristics of > White-Dwarf Red-Giant combination, > Planetary Systems, > Globular Clusters, > Pulsars, > Quasars, etc.; Discovery of the Conjugate Sector of the Physical Universe and explanation of origin and characteristics of > Cosmic Rays, > Cosmic Background Radiation, > Living Cells/Organisms, etc.; Discovery of the Conjugate Sector of the Physical Universe and explanation of origin and characteristics of > Cosmic Rays, > Cosmic Background Radiation, > Living Cells/Organisms, etc.; Explanation of the large-scale structure and organization of the Physical Universe as ever-expanding as well as ‘cyclic.’ Explanation of the large-scale structure and organization of the Physical Universe as ever-expanding as well as ‘cyclic.’

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The New Paradigm The New Paradigm * Old Paradigm: Space-time is a container (setting) for the Universe. * Reciprocal System: Space-time (motion) is the content of the physical Universe!

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Scalar Motion--the basic constituent Scalar Motion--the basic constituent Scalar Motion Matter Radiation Radioactivity Magnetism Electric Charge Gravitation

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The Two Fundamental Postulates ä The Physical Universe is composed entirely of one component, Motion, existing in three dimensions, in discrete units, and with two reciprocal aspects, space and time. ä The Physical Universe conforms to the relations of ordinary commutative mathematics, its primary magnitudes are absolute, and its geometry Euclidean.

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Primary Corollaries Primary Corollaries ä Space and time are quantized ä reciprocity--Space and time are reciprocally related (to speed): an increase in time is tantamount to a decrease in space, and vice versa. ä symmetry--The properties of either space or time are the properties of both: time is 3-dimensional as space is and space too progresses like time does.

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The Space-Time Progression speed = space time unit unit unit 1 =

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Independent Units of Motion Independent Units of Motion 1 3 = Time Displacement n units of TD applied to unit speed result in speed 1/(n+1) (2+1) 1 Space Displacement n units of SD applied to unit speed result in speed (n+1)/1 = 1 (2+1) = 3 1 =

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One-Dimensional Speed Range One-Dimensional Speed Range s/t 0 1 infinity t/s 0 1infinity S-frame T-frame

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Dimensional Analysis Dimensional Analysis Inertial Mass, m t3t3t3t3 s3s3s3s3 Momentum, p (= m*v) t2t2t2t2 s2s2s2s2 Energy, E (∝ m*v2) t s

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Dimensional Analysis - 2 Dimensional Analysis - 2 ELECTRICMAGNETIC tDipole Momentt 2 /sDipole Moment t/sCharget 2 /s 2 Flux t/s 2 Potentialt 2 /s 3 Vector Potential t/s 3 Flux Densityt 2 /s 4 Flux Density t/s 3 Field Intensityt 2 /s 4 Field Intensity t 2 /s 2 Resistivityt 3 /s 3 Inductance t 2 /s 3 Resistancet 3 /s 4 Permeability

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Wave Aspects of the Particle Wave Aspects of the Particle Wave Frequency, = E / h = m.c 2 / h (1) Wavelength, = h / p = h /(m.v) (2) Wave Speed, u =. = c 2 / v (3) In Natural Units… u NAT = u / c = 1 /(v / c) = 1 / v NAT (4)

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The Time Region The Time Region s/t 0 1 S-frame (Motion in Space) t/s 0 T-frame (Motion in Time)

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Basic Types of Scalar Motion LV RadiationOsc. ⊥ Prgn. LV Thermal MotionOsc. Prgn. R 1 > LV Sub-AtomsLtd. to 1 Disp. R 2 > LV AtomsNet TD R 2 > LV Cosmic AtomsNet SD RV 1 > R 1 Electric ChargeTD = – ; SD = + RV 2 > R 2 Magnetic ChargeSD RV 2 > R 2 Isotopic ChargeTD

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Enter Quantum Mechanics Enter Quantum Mechanics –(ħ 2 /2m) ( 2 / x 2 ) + V T (x) = iħ ( / t) (16) (x, t) = A.e i(kx– t) = A.e –iEt/ħ. (x) (17) –(ħ 2 /2m) ( 2 (x)/ x 2 ) + V T (x) (x) = E. (x) (18) V TA (x) = K PA.x 2 + K GA /x 2 K IA (26) V TN (x) = –K PN.(x An – x) 4 + K GN /x 4 K IN (31)

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Forces in the Time Region Forces in the Time Region 01 P G P 0 + - F 0 - + F G x x

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Physical States of Matter Physical States of Matter SolidLiquidGas

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Radiation Radiation Oscillation Progression

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Gravitation Gravitation One-Dimensional Rotation of Photon Two-Dimensional Rotation of Photon A A B A B A

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Rotational Representation [1] 1-0-0 Rotational Base for Sub-Atoms [1] 1-1-0 Rotational Base for Atoms [1] 2-1-0 Atom with the least TD

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The Inert Gases The Inert Gases

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Elements of the Lower Group Elements of the Lower Group 2-1-0He2 2-1-1Li3 2-1-2Be4 2-1-3B5 2-1-4 2-2-4 2-2-3N7 2-2-2O8 2-2-1F9 2-2-0Ne 10 } C6 2-1-1H1

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Sub-Atomic Particles-I (Particles without Mass) M 0-0-0Rotational Base M 0-0-1Positron (uncharged) M 0-0-1Electron (uncharged) M - -0Muon Neutrino M - -1Electron Neutrino 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2

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Sub-Atomic Particles - II (Particles with Mass) M + 0-0-1 Charged Positron M - 0-0-1Charged Electron M1-1-1Proton M + 1-1-1Charged Proton M1-1-1 M - -1H 1 M1-1-1 C - -1 Neutron 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 } }

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2 31 Radioactivity Radioactivity Rotational Mass 2 Z Vibrational Mass I * Z2Z2Z2Z2 R 4, 0 5-4-0 unstable……..

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Matter and C-matter Matter and C-matter s/t 0 1 infinity t/s 0 1 infinity S-frame Cosmic Sector He 2-1-0 c-He 2-1-0 2-3-0 3-2-0 Ar Material Sector T-frame

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Cosmic Ray Decay Cosmic Ray Decay Particle Element Isotopic Mass (MeV) Charge Obsd. Cald. Charge Obsd. Cald. Psi c-H 2 2 3695 3710.9 Psi c-He 3 2 3105 3104 Omega c-Li 5 1 1675 1676 Xi c-B 10 1 1314 1304 Sigma c-N 14 1 1197 1197 Lambda c-Ne 20 1 1116 1117 Pion c-Si 27 0 139.57 137.95 Muon c-Ar 35 0 105.66 106.42 Kaon 1 / 2 c-Kr 1 / 2 493.8 492

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The Unified Representation The Unified Representation 1 0 0 N-frame M-frame S-frame S-frame T-frame T-frame M A T E R I A L S E C T O R C O S M I C S E C T O R SPACE REGION TIME REGION

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